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Mental Health

Mental Health includes an individual’s emotional, psychological, and social well-being. It affects how one thinks, feels, and acts. It helps determine how an individual handles stress, relates to others, and makes choices. Mental health is important at every stage of life, from childhood, adolescence, and adulthood.

Over the course of one’s life, one may experience mental health problems, thinking, mood, and behavior can be affected. Many factors contribute to mental health problems which include:

  • Biological factors, i.e., genes or brain chemistry
  • Life experiences, i.e., trauma or abuse
  • Family history of mental health problems

Experiencing one or more of the following can be an early warning of a problem:

  • Eating or sleeping too much or too little
  • Pulling away from people and usual activities
  • Having low or no energy
  • Feeling numb or like nothing matters
  • Having unexplained aches and pains
  • Feeling helpless or hopeless
  • Smoking, drinking or using drugs more than usual
  • Feeling unusually confused, forgetful, on edge, angry, upset, worried, or scared
  • Yelling or fighting with family and friends
  • Experiencing severe mood swings that cause problems in relationships
  • Having persistent thoughts and memories that can’t get out of your head
  • Hearing voices or believing things that are not true
  • Thinking of harming oneself or others
  • Inability to perform daily tasks like getting to work or school

These problems are common, but treatment can help an individual get better and recover completely.


Mental Strategy Exercises For Chronic Pain Relief and Improvement

Mental Strategy Exercises For Chronic Pain Relief and Improvement

Mental strategy exercises for chronic pain relief and improvement. Living with chronic pain is difficult especially if a doctor is saying that it is all taking place in an individual’s head. However, the pain is very real and happening in the brain, literally. Neuroimaging studies show that certain areas of the brain become active when chronic pain presents. This is not the only way to know the brain’s role in how an individual experiences pain. What is also known is:
  • Anxiety, depression, and pain activate similar areas of the brain.
  • Certain psychiatric drugs used to relieve pain can also alter an individual’s mental state.
  • Chronic pain can lead to depression.
  • Clinical depression can cause physical symptoms, including back pain.
A health care provider could recommend/suggest psychological support for chronic pain. Psychological help and mental strategy exercises for chronic pain are not about how to reduce the pain, but more on how to reduce the dominance, interference, and impact of the pain and getting a healthy quality of life back. Consider a few evidence-based, psychological approaches to reduce back pain.  
11860 Vista Del Sol, Ste. 128 Mental Strategy Exercises For Chronic Pain Relief and Improvement
 

Cognitive-behavioral therapy

Cognitive-behavioral therapy or CBT trains an individual to modify specific thoughts and behaviors. Experts consider this approach a gold standard of psychological interventions for pain. It helps:
  • Reduce pain
  • Improves function
  • Improves quality of life
Individuals work on:
  • Pain coping strategies
  • Relaxation skills
  • Setting goals
  • Shifting perspectives on pain
A study found that two years after a two-week, intensive course of cognitive-behavioral therapy, patients took fewer pain meds than they did before the therapy.  
 

Mindfulness meditation

Meditation is not all about sitting with crossed legs, hands resting on the knees, although this is a recommended pose for meditative purposes. A modern approach can be done anywhere, in any position that�s comfortable and will help soothe back pain. By oneself or with help from a therapist mental strategies can include
  • Incorporating breathing techniques
  • Guided imagery
  • Intense focus on thoughts and feelings
A study suggests that mindfulness meditation can be highly beneficial for older adults that are not as able to get an adequate amount of physical activity to improve pain levels. A group of older adults that participated in eight weeks of a mindfulness program, which consisted of four days a week for 30 minutes per session physical function and pain reduction improved.  
11860 Vista Del Sol, Ste. 128 Mental Strategy Exercises For Chronic Pain Relief and Improvement
 

Mindfulness stress reduction

Mindfulness stress reduction is a program that teaches individuals meditation techniques, that include basic stretches and postures. It teaches how to separate the physical and psychological aspects of pain. Medical centers across offer this treatment option for a range of disorders, including chronic back pain. It helps reduce pain intensity and improves function in individuals with arthritis as well as back and neck pain from various causes. It has also been found to be effective for fibromyalgia, which can cause intense widespread pain. A study found that mindfulness stress reduction improved:
  • Wellbeing
  • Pain episodes
  • Sleep problems
  • Fatigue in participants with fibromyalgia
  • More than half reported significant improvement
 

Acceptance and commitment therapy

Acceptance and commitment therapy or ACT teaches acceptance and mindfulness strategies with commitment and behavior mental strategies, to change the way pain is experienced. Numerous studies along with the American Psychological Association validate this approach as an established treatment for chronic pain.  
 

Changing expectations

In one study several chiropractic patients who expected their back pain to improve were 58% more likely to improve than those who did not expect favorable outcomes. This mental strategy of manifesting a positive outcome through the power of positive thinking and beliefs about pain influence an individual’s actions. For example, when thinking that physical activity will cause back pain, individuals are less likely to be active. This is known as fear avoidance. For most individuals with back and neck pain, gentle physical activity is essential because avoiding it will worsen the pain. Having the right mental strategy can go a long way in battling chronic pain, at Injury Medical Chiropractic and Functional Medicine Clinic we can help individuals experiencing/dealing with chronic pain.

Body Composition


 

Depression and physical health

Depression is debilitating and, in severe cases, a life-threatening disease that affects over 16 million people nationwide. Depression causes are not always clear and can be brought on by:
  • Biological factors – genetics
  • Individual brain chemistry
  • Certain medications
  • Stress
  • Unhealthy diet/nutrition
Mental illness and becoming overweight or obese often happen in conjunction, whether as a result of each other or from common risk factors that include:
  • Smoking
  • Poor diet
  • Lack of physical activity
  • Alcohol consumption
Prescribed medications for depression and anxiety disorders are have been shown to be successful in maintaining mental health. However, a side effect of these medications is weight gain. Like genetics, being educated on the potential side effects will help in reducing the risk of, and controlling weight gain when taking medication.  

Dr. Alex Jimenez�s Blog Post Disclaimer

The scope of our information is limited to chiropractic, musculoskeletal, physical medicines, wellness, and sensitive health issues and/or functional medicine articles, topics, and discussions. We use functional health & wellness protocols to treat and support care for injuries or disorders of the musculoskeletal system. Our posts, topics, subjects, and insights cover clinical matters, issues, and topics that relate and support directly or indirectly our clinical scope of practice.* Our office has made a reasonable attempt to provide supportive citations and has identified the relevant research study or studies supporting our posts. We also make copies of supporting research studies available to the board and or the public upon request. We understand that we cover matters that require an additional explanation as to how it may assist in a particular care plan or treatment protocol; therefore, to further discuss the subject matter above, please feel free to ask Dr. Alex Jimenez or contact us at 915-850-0900. The provider(s) Licensed in Texas& New Mexico*  
References
Pain and Therapy.�(Jun 2020) �Rehabilitation for Low Back Pain: A Narrative Review for Managing Pain and Improving Function in Acute and Chronic Conditions.��https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7203283/ Journal of Psychosomatic Research. (Jan 2010) �Mindfulness-based stress reduction for chronic pain conditions: variation in treatment outcomes and role of home meditation practice.� European Journal of Pain.�(Jan 2019.) �Beliefs about back pain and pain management behaviors, and their associations in the general population: A systematic review.��https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6492285/
Functional Neurology: Metabolic Syndrome and Mental Health Issues

Functional Neurology: Metabolic Syndrome and Mental Health Issues

Heart disease is one of the most common health issues associated with metabolic syndrome. People with metabolic syndrome can have several conditions that may increase the risk of developing a variety of health issues, including heart disease, stroke, and diabetes. Approximately 50 million adults in the United States have metabolic syndrome, however, scientists believe that people with mental health issues like schizophrenia or bipolar disorder have a higher chance of being diagnosed with the collection of health issues. Antipsychotic drugs/medications can also cause considerable weight gain. �

 

Other factors that may cause metabolic syndrome can include, poor diet, lack of exercise or physical activity, and smoking. Excess weight and obesity can ultimately lead to insulin resistance, a condition that occurs when the human body can’t use insulin or the essential hormone that helps convert sugar or glucose into energy. If left untreated, insulin resistance can cause the pancreas to work harder and become exhausted, causing tremendously high blood sugar levels. Diabetes can damage blood vessels throughout the human body and increase the risk of developing heart disease and stroke. �

 

Risk of Developing Metabolic Syndrome with Mental Health Issues

People with mental health issues like schizophrenia and bipolar disorder have a higher chance of being diagnosed with metabolic syndrome. Although excess weight and obesity are becoming more prevalent in the general population, people with severe mental health issues have a higher chance of developing a variety of other health issues compared with the general population. Poverty, reduced access to medical attention, and side-effects caused by psychotropic drugs/medications can increase the risk of developing metabolic syndrome and other health issues like heart disease, stroke, and diabetes. �

 

Antipsychotic drugs/medications are also associated with weight gain and changes in lipid and sugar or glucose metabolism. Because of the increased risk of developing the collection of health issues in people with severe mental health issues, healthcare professionals recommend regular screening and monitoring of metabolic parameters, such as body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, blood pressure, and plasma lipids and sugar or glucose. Treatment should consider the increased risk of developing metabolic syndrome and other health issues in people with severe mental health issues. �

 

Metabolic Syndrome in People with Severe Mental Health Issues

Research studies evaluated changes in weight and other metabolic markers associated with antipsychotics. Olanzapine and clozapine tremendously increased metabolic markers while quetiapine and risperidone, as well as aripiprazole and ziprasidone, moderately increased metabolic markers. Long-term research studies demonstrated greater weight gain than short-term research studies and the weight gain rate was faster at the start until a peak plateau was reached. Increased risks are based on specific factors and the changes are often unpredictable, especially in antipsychotics with moderate effects. �

 

Aripiprazole and ziprasidone are least likely to contribute to metabolic syndrome. Excess weight and obesity are often considered to be the main factors in severe mental health issues, however, according to the International Diabetes Federation, factors for metabolic syndrome can include excess weight and obesity as well as elevated TG, LDL cholesterol, BP, and fasting plasma sugar or glucose. It is essential to remember that although BMI is important, central adiposity, or waist circumference and distribution of fat, can also increase the risk of metabolic syndrome in people with severe mental health issues. �

 

Treatment for Metabolic Syndrome and Mental Health Issues

Healthcare professionals prescribe the drug/medication metformin (Glucophage) to promote weight loss and improve insulin resistance in people with mental health issues. Metformin blocks the release of sugar or glucose from the liver into the bloodstream while decreasing the human body’s resistance to insulin. Only several research studies have evaluated the effects of the drug/medication on people with severe mental health issues. According to the research studies, metformin may also ultimately help people taking antipsychotics to lose weight and prevent insulin resistance from becoming worse. �

 

During a research study, people taking antipsychotics, who also took metformin, lost an average of 3 pounds while those taking placebo maintained the same weight. Moreover, insulin resistance remained unchanged in people who also took metformin but it increased in people taking placebo. In another research study, insulin resistance remained stable in people taking antipsychotics, who also took metformin, while it worsened considerably in people taking placebo. Other research studies have evaluated whether combining metformin with diet and lifestyle modifications may have even greater benefits. �

 

In one research study, scientists separated people with schizophrenia into four different groups: metformin alone, a placebo pill alone, diet and lifestyle modifications with metformin as well as diet and lifestyle modifications with placebo. Although both groups including diet and lifestyle modifications as well as the metformin alone helped improve metabolic syndrome and its associated health issues, the greatest improvement occurred in the combined treatment groups. The diet and lifestyle modifications with metformin group had 7 percent weight loss compared with 5 percent for the metformin alone. �

 

Dr. Alex Jimenez Insights Image

People with metabolic syndrome can have several conditions that may increase the risk of developing a variety of health issues, including heart disease, stroke, and diabetes. Approximately 50 million adults in the United States have metabolic syndrome, however, scientists believe that people with mental health issues like schizophrenia or bipolar disorder have a higher chance of being diagnosed with the collection of health issues. Excess weight and obesity can ultimately lead to insulin resistance, a condition that occurs when the human body can’t use insulin or the essential hormone that helps convert sugar or glucose into energy. If left untreated, insulin resistance can cause diabetes which can, in turn, damage blood vessels and increase the risk of developing heart disease and stroke, especially in people with severe mental health issues like schizophrenia or bipolar disorder. Dr. Alex Jimenez D.C., C.C.S.T. Insight

 

Heart disease is one of the most common health issues associated with metabolic syndrome. People with metabolic syndrome can have several conditions that may increase the risk of developing a variety of health issues, including heart disease, stroke, and diabetes. Approximately 50 million adults in the United States have metabolic syndrome, however, scientists believe that people with mental health issues like schizophrenia or bipolar disorder have a higher chance of being diagnosed with the collection of health issues. Antipsychotic drugs/medications can also cause considerable weight gain. �

 

Other factors that may cause metabolic syndrome can include, poor diet, lack of exercise or physical activity, and smoking. Excess weight and obesity can ultimately lead to insulin resistance, a condition that occurs when the human body can’t use insulin or the essential hormone that helps convert sugar or glucose into energy. If left untreated, insulin resistance can cause the pancreas to work harder and become exhausted, causing tremendously high blood sugar levels. Diabetes can damage blood vessels throughout the human body and increase the risk of developing heart disease and stroke. �

 

The scope of our information is limited to chiropractic, musculoskeletal, and nervous health issues or functional medicine articles, topics, and discussions. We use functional health protocols to treat injuries or disorders of the musculoskeletal system. Our office has made a reasonable attempt to provide supportive citations and has identified the relevant research study or studies supporting our posts. We also make copies of supporting research studies available to the board and or the public upon request. To further discuss the subject matter above, please feel free to ask Dr. Alex Jimenez or contact us at 915-850-0900.�

 

Curated by Dr. Alex Jimenez �

 

References:

  1. Newcomer, John W. �Metabolic Syndrome and Mental Illness.� AJMC, AJMC Media, 1 Nov. 2007, www.ajmc.com/journals/supplement/2007/2007-11-vol13-n7suppl/nov07-2657ps170-s177.
  2. Harvard Health Publishing. �Metabolic Syndrome and Mental Illness.� Harvard Health, Harvard Health Media, Aug. 2011, www.health.harvard.edu/newsletter_article/metabolic-syndrome-and-mental-illness.
  3. Demler, Tammie Lee. �Metabolic Challenges in Mental Health.� U.S. Pharmacist � The Leading Journal in Pharmacy, 17 Nov. 2017, www.uspharmacist.com/article/metabolic-challenges-in-mental-health.

 


 

Neurotransmitter Assessment Form

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The following Neurotransmitter Assessment Form can be filled out and presented to Dr. Alex Jimenez. The following symptoms listed on this form are not intended to be utilized as a diagnosis of any type of disease, condition, or any other type of health issue. �

 


 

Additional Topic Discussion: Chronic Pain

Sudden pain is a natural response of the nervous system which helps to demonstrate possible injury. By way of instance, pain signals travel from an injured region through the nerves and spinal cord to the brain. Pain is generally less severe as the injury heals, however, chronic pain is different than the average type of pain. With chronic pain, the human body will continue sending pain signals to the brain, regardless if the injury has healed. Chronic pain can last for several weeks to even several years. Chronic pain can tremendously affect a patient’s mobility and it can reduce flexibility, strength, and endurance. �

 

 


 

Neural Zoomer Plus for Neurological Disease

Neural Zoomer Plus | El Paso, TX Chiropractor

Dr. Alex Jimenez utilizes a series of tests to help evaluate neurological diseases. The Neural ZoomerTM Plus is an array of neurological autoantibodies which offers specific antibody-to-antigen recognition. The Vibrant Neural ZoomerTM Plus is designed to assess an individual�s reactivity to 48 neurological antigens with connections to a variety of neurologically related diseases. The Vibrant Neural ZoomerTM Plus aims to reduce neurological conditions by empowering patients and physicians with a vital resource for early risk detection and an enhanced focus on personalized primary prevention. �

 

Food Sensitivity for the IgG & IgA Immune Response

Food Sensitivity Zoomer | El Paso, TX Chiropractor

Dr. Alex Jimenez utilizes a series of tests to help evaluate health issues associated with a variety of food sensitivities and intolerances. The Food Sensitivity ZoomerTM is an array of 180 commonly consumed food antigens that offers very specific antibody-to-antigen recognition. This panel measures an individual�s IgG and IgA sensitivity to food antigens. Being able to test IgA antibodies provides additional information to foods that may be causing mucosal damage. Additionally, this test is ideal for patients who might be suffering from delayed reactions to certain foods. Utilizing an antibody-based food sensitivity test can help prioritize the necessary foods to eliminate and create a customized diet plan around the patient�s specific needs. �

 

Gut Zoomer for Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth (SIBO)

Gut Zoomer | El Paso, TX Chiropractor

Dr. Alex Jimenez utilizes a series of tests to help evaluate gut health associated with small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO). The Vibrant Gut ZoomerTM offers a report that includes dietary recommendations and other natural supplementation like prebiotics, probiotics, and polyphenols. The gut microbiome is mainly found in the large intestine and it has more than 1000 species of bacteria that play a fundamental role in the human body, from shaping the immune system and affecting the metabolism of nutrients to strengthening the intestinal mucosal barrier (gut-barrier). It is essential to understand how the number of bacteria that symbiotically live in the human gastrointestinal (GI) tract influences gut health because imbalances in the gut microbiome may ultimately lead to gastrointestinal (GI) tract symptoms, skin conditions, autoimmune disorders, immune system imbalances, and multiple inflammatory disorders. �

 


Dunwoody Labs: Comprehensive Stool with Parasitology | El Paso, TX Chiropractor


GI-MAP: GI Microbial Assay Plus | El Paso, TX Chiropractor


 

Formulas for Methylation Support

Xymogen Formulas - El Paso, TX

XYMOGEN�s Exclusive Professional Formulas are available through select licensed health care professionals. The internet sale and discounting of XYMOGEN formulas are strictly prohibited.

Proudly,�Dr. Alexander Jimenez makes XYMOGEN formulas available only to patients under our care.

Please call our office in order for us to assign a doctor consultation for immediate access.

If you are a patient of Injury Medical & Chiropractic�Clinic, you may inquire about XYMOGEN by calling 915-850-0900.

xymogen el paso, tx

For your convenience and review of the XYMOGEN products please review the following link. *XYMOGEN-Catalog-Download

 

* All of the above XYMOGEN policies remain strictly in force.

 


 

 


 

Modern Integrated Medicine

The National University of Health Sciences is an institution that offers a variety of rewarding professions to attendees. Students can practice their passion for helping other people achieve overall health and wellness through the institution’s mission. The National University of Health Sciences prepares students to become leaders in the forefront of modern integrated medicine, including chiropractic care. Students have an opportunity to gain unparalleled experience at the National University of Health Sciences to help restore the natural integrity of the patient and define the future of modern integrated medicine. �

 

 

Functional Endocrinology: Blood-Brain Barrier and The Endocrine System

Functional Endocrinology: Blood-Brain Barrier and The Endocrine System

Do you feel:

  • Hormone imbalances?
  • Craving sweets during the day?
  • Weight gain?
  • Overall sense of bloating?
  • Shaky, jittery, or have tremors throughout your body?

If you are experiencing any of these situations, then it might be your blood-brain barrier and your endocrine system that may be imbalanced.

The brain in the human body is the primary control system that makes sure that each of the body’s system is working correctly. This includes the gastrointestinal system, the hepatic system, the neurological system, and, most importantly, the endocrine system. In the brain, however, there is a tissue known as the blood-brain barrier, it is connected to the endocrine system. It is essential to make sure that the blood-brain barrier and the endocrine system are healthy in the human body.

The Blood-Brain Barrier

The blood-brain barrier in the body separates the central nervous system from peripheral tissue. Even though the blood-brain barrier separates the nervous system, it does not prevent hormones from entering the brain. Research shows that the brain can bind and secretes any circulating substances and can be qualified as an endocrine organ. When this happens, it can be one of the largest and most metabolically active of the endocrine organs by acting as both the target and secretor of hormones.

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With the blood-brain barrier, it conveys the blood vessels by transporting the blood from the heart to every tissue and organs throughout the body. It then delivers oxygen and the nutrients to all the tissues and removing the carbon dioxide and metabolic waste from the tissues. The blood vessels also convey hormonal signals to the tissues and is a mediator for interacting with the peripheral immune system with each tissue. Research shows that since the blood-brain barrier is an endocrine tissue, the substances that are being carried in the blood can emerge in a hormone-like fashion. The research stated that the blood-brain barrier could exhibit the endocrine system properties as well as being a target for hormones that can affect many of the blood-brain functions in the body.

The Endocrine System

The endocrine system is a collection of glands that secretes out and produces hormones that can regulate not only the body but makes sure that it regulates the body’s metabolism and many other functions that the body needs to function correctly. When the body’s hormone levels fluctuate, it can be very good or horrible, depending on the situation. If the body produces an abundance of hormones, it can cause a person to have hyperthyroidism, and when the body produces a low abundance of hormones, the body can have complications and cause the body to develop chronic illnesses. Stress, infections, and diabetes can influence the body’s hormone levels by making hormones either too much or too little. By making sure that the body’s hormones are at a balanced level is essential because eating right and doing daily exercises can make the body function properly and feel good as well.

Since the body can produce hormones naturally, the job of the primary hormone is to make sure that it is traveling in the bloodstream and making it to the various organs and tissues that need the hormone levels. The hormone levels can tell every organ and tissues what to do and how to function. When the hormone levels get crazy by being produced too much or too little, it causes those organs and tissues to malfunction.

For the blood-brain barrier, since it is an endocrine tissue, it can divide the hormone receptors. The research found out that the blood-brain barrier can respond to circulate the hormone substances and secrete those hormone substances into the blood circulation and the central nervous system. It can also make sure that when the hormone receptors are being divided that it goes to the central nervous tissues and the peripheral tissues. The research also found out that insulin levels can also affect the brain’s endothelial cell function through several parameters and modulating amino acids, leptin, and p-glycoprotein transporters in the body.

Surprisingly there is a unique feature that the blood-brain barrier possesses. The blood-brain relies on its cell membrane surfaces facing into the bloodstream and the interstitial fluid of the central nervous system so that way it can receive signals for the body. The research found out that the blood-brain barrier’s properties are primarily manifested within the brain’s endothelial cells. They can be induced and maintained through critical interactions with the cells that are interacting in the neurovascular unit in the brain. With these endocrine-like mechanisms that the blood-brain barrier has, it can help dampen the effects of endocrine diseases like neurodegenerative conditions and Alzheimer’s disease.

Conclusion

The blood-brain barrier is an essential tissue in the brain as it functions as an endocrine tissue and does play a role by interacting with the hormone levels that the endocrine system secreted out to the body. When the hormone levels start to malfunction by either producing an abundance or too little amount of hormones, it can cause the body to have chronic illnesses and the blood-brain barrier to dysfunction in the brain, causing degenerative neurological disorders in the brain as well. Some products can help the endocrine system by making sure the hormone levels are balanced as well as products for a healthy brain function for a healthy body.

The scope of our information is limited to chiropractic, musculoskeletal, and nervous health issues or functional medicine articles, topics, and discussions. We use functional health protocols to treat injuries or disorders of the musculoskeletal system. Our office has made a reasonable attempt to provide supportive citations and has identified the relevant research study or studies supporting our posts. We also make copies of supporting research studies available to the board and or the public upon request. To further discuss the subject matter above, please feel free to ask Dr. Alex Jimenez or contact us at 915-850-0900.


References:

Banks, William A. �Brain Meets Body: the Blood-Brain Barrier as an Endocrine Interface.� Endocrinology, Endocrine Society, Sept. 2012, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3423627/.

Banks, William A. �The Blood-Brain Barrier as an Endocrine Tissue.� Nature Reviews. Endocrinology, U.S. National Library of Medicine, Aug. 2019, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31127254.

Daneman, Richard, and Alexandre Prat. �The Blood-Brain Barrier.� Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, 5 Jan. 2015, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4292164/.

Zimmermann, Kim Ann. �Endocrine System: Facts, Functions and Diseases.� LiveScience, Purch, 18 Feb. 2018, www.livescience.com/26496-endocrine-system.html.


Modern Integrative Wellness- Esse Quam Videri

The University offers a wide variety of medical professions for functional and integrative medicine. Their goal is to inform individuals who want to make a difference in the functional medical fields with knowledgeable information that they can provide.

 

 

 

Functional Neurology: Differences Between Dopamine and Serotonin

Functional Neurology: Differences Between Dopamine and Serotonin

Dopamine and serotonin are known as the “happy chemicals” because they play a fundamental role in regulating our mood. These two neurotransmitters or chemical messengers control a variety of functions in the brain and body, including digestion and sleep. Although dopamine and serotonin are in charge of many of the same things, these happy chemicals do so in slightly different ways. Dopamine and serotonin deficiencies can also cause a variety of health issues, including mood changes and depression. In the following article, we will ultimately discuss the differences between dopamine and serotonin. �

 

What is a Neurotransmitter?

As previously mentioned, a neurotransmitter is a chemical messenger in the brain that sends signals to other areas of the body. Dopamine and serotonin are two of the many different types of neurotransmitters in the brain and body. Below is a list of some of the most well-known neurotransmitters, including:

 

  • Dopamine
  • Serotonin
  • Norepinephrine
  • Acetylcholine
  • Glycine
  • Glutamate
  • GABA

 

Understanding Neurotransmitters

Our brain is one of the most complex organs in the human body. The nervous system contains more than 100 billion nerves which are continuously sending signals from the brain to the rest of the body, ultimately regulating our mental and physical health. However, various factors can cause many problems. Dopamine and serotonin deficiencies, by way of instance, can cause a variety of mental and physical health issues, such as depression. While these two neurotransmitters are both commonly referred to as “happy chemicals”, it’s important to understand that dopamine and serotonin also play different roles. �

 

What is Dopamine?

Dopamine is a well-known neurotransmitter released in the brain to send signals between nerve cells. Our brain and body use dopamine to produce other compounds known as norepinephrine and epinephrine. Dopamine plays a fundamental role in the “pleasure and reward center” in the brain, or a collection of functions in the brain that control mood, motivation, and movement. Healthy dopamine levels can also affect a variety of other functions, including:

 

  • alertness
  • learning
  • mood
  • motivation
  • movement
  • blood circulation
  • urine output
  • sleep

 

What is Serotonin?

Serotonin is another neurotransmitter used to send signals between nerve cells. However, about 90 percent of the human body’s serotonin can be found in the gut, where it helps control a variety of functions in the digestive system. Healthy serotonin levels can also affect a variety of other functions, including:

 

  • focus and concentration
  • mood, emotions, and feelings
  • appetite and digestion
  • hormonal activity
  • circadian rhythm or sleep-wake cycle
  • blood clotting
  • body temperature

 

Dopamine, Serotonin, and Depression

Depression is one of the most common and well-known mental health issues which is ultimately caused by a variety of factors, such as dopamine and serotonin deficiencies. Both of these neurotransmitters or chemical messengers can also play a fundamental role in depression, however, many healthcare professionals are still trying to understand the true cause of depression. Research studies have demonstrated that dopamine and serotonin deficiencies caused by other underlying health issues may be associated with depression. Several common symptoms of depression can ultimately include:

 

  • decreased or reduced motivation
  • feelings of helplessness
  • loss of interest in things that used to interest you

 

Dopamine, Serotonin, and Other Health Issues

Because dopamine and serotonin play a fundamental role in a variety of functions in the brain and body, it is no surprise that these “happy chemicals” are also essential in our mental and physical health. When both of these neurotransmitters are functioning accordingly, they can ultimately help us feel happy and more emotionally balanced. As previously mentioned, however, dopamine and serotonin deficiencies can also cause various other health issues. � Doing anything that we find enjoyable, from eating a good meal to having sex, can trigger the release of dopamine in the brain and body. That release is what makes several things addicting like drugs and gambling. Scientists have determined that it doesn’t take long for the brain to associate several of these things with a release of dopamine. Research studies have also found that dopamine deficiencies may be associated with other health issues, such as:

 

  • Parkinson’s disease
  • attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
  • schizophrenia
  • bipolar disorder

 

Furthermore, according to several research studies in 2014, serotonin deficiencies were also associated with a variety of other health issues, including:

 

  • anxiety disorders
  • obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
  • autism
  • bipolar disorder

 

What are the Differences Between Dopamine and Serotonin?

Dopamine and serotonin are both neurotransmitters or chemical messengers that send signals between the brain and body. However, the primary functions of these well-known “happy chemicals” are very different. Dopamine is associated with the pleasure and reward center in the brain while serotonin is associated with our mood and it is more of a stabilizer than a booster. Also, dopamine controls movement while serotonin controls digestion and sleep. �

 

Dr. Alex Jimenez Insights Image

Dopamine and serotonin are two well-known neurotransmitters, or chemical messengers, that play a fundamental role in our mood and a variety of other functions in the brain and body. Dopamine helps control mood, motivation, and movement while serotonin helps control positive feelings and social behavior, learning and memory, appetite as well as our circadian rhythm or sleep-wake cycle. Dopamine and serotonin deficiencies can cause a variety of mental and physical health issues, including anxiety, depression, Parkinson’s disease, schizophrenia, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and bipolar disorder. In this article, we will discuss the differences between the release of dopamine and serotonin in the brain and body.�- Dr. Alex Jimenez D.C., C.C.S.T. Insight

 

Dopamine and serotonin are known as the “happy chemicals” because they play a fundamental role in regulating our mood. These two neurotransmitters or chemical messengers control a variety of functions in the brain and body, including digestion and sleep. Although dopamine and serotonin are in charge of many of the same things, these happy chemicals do so in slightly different ways. Dopamine and serotonin deficiencies can also cause a variety of health issues, including mood changes and depression. In the article above, we ultimately discussed the differences between dopamine and serotonin. �

 

The scope of our information is limited to chiropractic, musculoskeletal, and nervous health issues or functional medicine articles, topics, and discussions. We use functional health protocols to treat injuries or disorders of the musculoskeletal system. Our office has made a reasonable attempt to provide supportive citations and has identified the relevant research study or studies supporting our posts. We also make copies of supporting research studies available to the board and or the public upon request. To further discuss the subject matter above, please feel free to ask Dr. Alex Jimenez or contact us at 915-850-0900.�

 

Curated by Dr. Alex Jimenez �

 

References:

  1. Eske, Jamie. �Dopamine vs. Serotonin: Similarities, Differences, and Relationship.� Medical News Today, MediLexicon International, 19 Aug. 2019, www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/326090.php.
  2. Vandergriendt, Carly. �What’s the Difference Between Dopamine and Serotonin?� Healthline, Healthline Media, 5 Dec. 2018, www.healthline.com/health/dopamine-vs-serotonin.
  3. Puskar, Michael. �What Is The Difference Between Serotonin And Dopamine?� Betterhelp, BetterHelp, 6 May 2018, www.betterhelp.com/advice/medication/what-is-the-difference-between-serotonin-and-dopamine/.

 


 

Neurotransmitter Assessment Form

Neurotransmitter Assessment Form AE260 (1)

 

The following Neurotransmitter Assessment Form can be filled out and presented to Dr. Alex Jimenez. The following symptoms listed on this form are not intended to be utilized as a diagnosis of any type of disease, condition, or any other type of health issue. �

 


 

Additional Topic Discussion: Chronic Pain

Sudden pain is a natural response of the nervous system which helps to demonstrate possible injury. By way of instance, pain signals travel from an injured region through the nerves and spinal cord to the brain. Pain is generally less severe as the injury heals, however, chronic pain is different than the average type of pain. With chronic pain, the human body will continue sending pain signals to the brain, regardless if the injury has healed. Chronic pain can last for several weeks to even several years. Chronic pain can tremendously affect a patient’s mobility and it can reduce flexibility, strength, and endurance. �

 

 


 

Neural Zoomer Plus for Neurological Disease

Neural Zoomer Plus | El Paso, TX Chiropractor

Dr. Alex Jimenez utilizes a series of tests to help evaluate neurological diseases. The Neural ZoomerTM Plus is an array of neurological autoantibodies which offers specific antibody-to-antigen recognition. The Vibrant Neural ZoomerTM Plus is designed to assess an individual�s reactivity to 48 neurological antigens with connections to a variety of neurologically related diseases. The Vibrant Neural ZoomerTM Plus aims to reduce neurological conditions by empowering patients and physicians with a vital resource for early risk detection and an enhanced focus on personalized primary prevention. �

 

Food Sensitivity for the IgG & IgA Immune Response

Food Sensitivity Zoomer | El Paso, TX Chiropractor

Dr. Alex Jimenez utilizes a series of tests to help evaluate health issues associated with a variety of food sensitivities and intolerances. The Food Sensitivity ZoomerTM is an array of 180 commonly consumed food antigens that offers very specific antibody-to-antigen recognition. This panel measures an individual�s IgG and IgA sensitivity to food antigens. Being able to test IgA antibodies provides additional information to foods that may be causing mucosal damage. Additionally, this test is ideal for patients who might be suffering from delayed reactions to certain foods. Utilizing an antibody-based food sensitivity test can help prioritize the necessary foods to eliminate and create a customized diet plan around the patient�s specific needs. �

 

Gut Zoomer for Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth (SIBO)

Gut Zoomer | El Paso, TX Chiropractor

Dr. Alex Jimenez utilizes a series of tests to help evaluate gut health associated with small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO). The Vibrant Gut ZoomerTM offers a report that includes dietary recommendations and other natural supplementation like prebiotics, probiotics, and polyphenols. The gut microbiome is mainly found in the large intestine and it has more than 1000 species of bacteria that play a fundamental role in the human body, from shaping the immune system and affecting the metabolism of nutrients to strengthening the intestinal mucosal barrier (gut-barrier). It is essential to understand how the number of bacteria that symbiotically live in the human gastrointestinal (GI) tract influences gut health because imbalances in the gut microbiome may ultimately lead to gastrointestinal (GI) tract symptoms, skin conditions, autoimmune disorders, immune system imbalances, and multiple inflammatory disorders. �

 


Dunwoody Labs: Comprehensive Stool with Parasitology | El Paso, TX Chiropractor


GI-MAP: GI Microbial Assay Plus | El Paso, TX Chiropractor


 

Formulas for Methylation Support

Xymogen Formulas - El Paso, TX

XYMOGEN�s Exclusive Professional Formulas are available through select licensed health care professionals. The internet sale and discounting of XYMOGEN formulas are strictly prohibited.

Proudly,�Dr. Alexander Jimenez makes XYMOGEN formulas available only to patients under our care.

Please call our office in order for us to assign a doctor consultation for immediate access.

If you are a patient of Injury Medical & Chiropractic�Clinic, you may inquire about XYMOGEN by calling 915-850-0900.

xymogen el paso, tx

For your convenience and review of the XYMOGEN products please review the following link. *XYMOGEN-Catalog-Download

 

* All of the above XYMOGEN policies remain strictly in force.

 


 

 


 

Modern Integrated Medicine

The National University of Health Sciences is an institution that offers a variety of rewarding professions to attendees. Students can practice their passion for helping other people achieve overall health and wellness through the institution’s mission. The National University of Health Sciences prepares students to become leaders in the forefront of modern integrated medicine, including chiropractic care. Students have an opportunity to gain unparalleled experience at the National University of Health Sciences to help restore the natural integrity of the patient and define the future of modern integrated medicine. �

 

 

Functional Endocrinology: The Gut and “Chemo-Brain” Connection

Functional Endocrinology: The Gut and “Chemo-Brain” Connection

Do you feel:

  • Nausea or feel like vomiting?
  • Agitated, easily upset, or nervous?
  • Poor muscle endurance?
  • Waking up tired after six or more hours of sleep?
  • Depression or a lack of motivation?

If you are experiencing any of these situations, then something might be wrong with your gut and brain connection in your body.

Gut-Brain Connection

The gut and brain connection go hand in hand as they send signals back and forth to make sure that that human body starts functioning correctly. The gut makes sure that its entire gastrointestinal system, the endocrine system, and the hepatic system is functioning correctly. While the brain makes sure that its neurological system is working but also sending out signals to the entire body as well as making sure that the hormones are distributed to the essential organs.

Fitness-diet-soups-to-soothe-an-upset-stomach-THS1

Chemo-Brain and Gut Connection

Even though the gut and brain connection is vital for a healthy body, however, when it comes to a person who has cancer may have a �chemo-brain� and gut connection when they are getting treatments from chemotherapy. Since chemotherapy is the conventional standard of care for treating cancer by consistently combining particular drugs that kills cancer cells. Throughout the world, there are over 100 types of cancer that can attack the cells and then spread out through the different organs and tissues in the human body. According to research from the CDC, it stated that cancer is the second leading cause of death in the US.

There is more information about what chemotherapy does to the body since chemotherapy works by putting a stop on cancer cells from proliferating or even slowing down the rate of cancer cell growth. Sadly though, even though chemotherapy can target fast-growing cancer cells, it can also kill the body’s healthy cells as well. When the healthy cells are being attacked by chemotherapy, the cells can cause a long list of painful side effects. For example, the epithelial cells in the GI tract can be damaged, and it can cause many cancer patients to stop the chemo treatment prematurely.

In a recent study that was published in Frontier in Pharmacology, it showed that scientists had discovered a new method to deliver chemotherapy that can attack the malignant cells in the body while leaving the healthy cells alone. With this technique, it can provide a little bit of hope by allowing doctors to lower the dosages of the chemo treatment to reduce the patients� suffering from any of the harsher adverse effects of chemo, which can increase compliance and improve the overall prognosis for the patients.

In a recent journal study, a research scientist from Ohio State University has discovered a possible solution to help improve the undesirable gastrointestinal and cognitive side effects that were caused by chemotherapy. According to the research, the model showed how the link between the gut and brain symptoms perform in chemotherapy treatment. The results showed how the chemo drugs entirely altered the human gut microbiome. They stated that the gut bacteria and the body tissue changed while the blood and brain in the body show signs of inflammation-causing fatigue and cognitive impairment. When chemo treatments cause inflammation is in the neurological system, it can make the entire system be correlated with disruptive colonic and bacterial homeostasis in the body.

With chemotherapy, it can cause intestinal permeability. It can trigger the immune system in the body to over activating and signaling the brain’s immune cells to be inflamed while also be the culprit to “chemo brain.” Chemo-brain is defined as cognitive impairment and causing the person to have mental fogginess that can linger for months or even years after the cancer is gone. Surprisingly with this new phenomenon, chemo-brain has affected more than half of the cancer survivors while becoming a common thing as cancer therapies can extend the patient�s lifespan.

With this type of research, it can shed some light on how the gut microbiome’s health can be more affected than the digestive tract, since the gut plays a hugely critical role in all the other systems in the body, especially in the immune and nervous system. By looking at the existing evidence, they show how the health and wellbeing of the body’s gut and brain are connected. It can lead to better interventions for many cancer patients by promoting a beneficial bacterial composition for the gut and can protect against any neuroinflammation to reduce any symptoms of chemo-brain.

Probiotics and Prebiotics Benefits

Hippocrates was right when he stated that “all diseases begin in the gut.” The information paved the way for many functional medicine practitioners to help many cancer patients. By adding any anti-inflammatory foods in a person’s diet like the Mediterranean diet or even a plant-based ketogenic diet is excellent for cancer patients. It is recommended for cancer patients to increase their intake of prebiotics and probiotic-rich food. It is proven that probiotics and prebiotics can help reduce the negative side effect that most patients go through during their chemotherapy experience. With prebiotics and probiotics, they are fiber-rich foods that can be fermented and be consumed so people can get the beneficial and commensal bacteria that are residing in the gut and can improve the gut microbiome composition.

Conclusion

With the gut and brain connection, they work together by making sure the body is functioning correctly. When it is chemo-brain, however, it can cause dysfunction in the body by impairing the body’s entire system through chemotherapy. By adding probiotics and prebiotics to a cancer patient’s diet can help them at least get their body the nutrition and beneficial properties they need. Some products are beneficial to the body by supporting not only the gut but also making sure that the brain is being supported as well.

The scope of our information is limited to chiropractic, musculoskeletal, and nervous health issues or functional medicine articles, topics, and discussions. We use functional health protocols to treat injuries or disorders of the musculoskeletal system. Our office has made a reasonable attempt to provide supportive citations and has identified the relevant research study or studies supporting our posts. We also make copies of supporting research studies available to the board and or the public upon request. To further discuss the subject matter above, please feel free to ask Dr. Alex Jimenez or contact us at 915-850-0900.


References:

Arora, Malika, et al. �Impact of Probiotics and Prebiotics on Colon Cancer: Mechanistic Insights and Future Approaches.� Latest TOC RSS, Bentham Science Publishers, 1 Jan. 1970, www.ingentaconnect.com/content/ben/cctr/2019/00000015/00000001/art00005.

Caldwell, Emily. �A Possible Gut-Brain Connection to ‘Chemo Brain’.� Medical Xpress – Medical Research Advances and Health News, Medical Xpress, 23 Oct. 2019, medicalxpress.com/news/2019-10-gut-brain-chemo-brain.html.

Caldwell, Emily. �The Gut May Be the Ticket to Reducing Chemo’s Side Effects.� Medical Xpress – Medical Research Advances and Health News, Medical Xpress, 11 Nov. 2019, medicalxpress.com/news/2019-11-gut-ticket-chemo-side-effects.html?utm_source=nwletter&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=daily-nwletter.

Loman, B. R., et al. �Chemotherapy-Induced Neuroinflammation Is Associated with Disrupted Colonic and Bacterial Homeostasis in Female Mice.� Nature News, Nature Publishing Group, 11 Nov. 2019, www.nature.com/articles/s41598-019-52893-0.

Neumann-Raizel, Hagit, et al. �2-APB and CBD-Mediated Targeting of Charged Cytotoxic Compounds Into Tumor Cells Suggests the Involvement of TRPV2 Channels.� Frontiers, Frontiers, 17 Sept. 2019, www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fphar.2019.01198/full.

staff, Science X. �’Chemo Brain’ Caused by Malfunction in Three Types of Brain Cells, Study Finds.� Medical Xpress – Medical Research Advances and Health News, Medical Xpress, 6 Dec. 2018, medicalxpress.com/news/2018-12-chemo-brain-malfunction-cells.html.

staff, Science X. �Technique Targets Cancer Cells and Leaves Healthy Ones Alone.� Medical Xpress – Medical Research Advances and Health News, Medical Xpress, 27 Nov. 2019, medicalxpress.com/news/2019-11-technique-cancer-cells-healthy.html.

Team, DFH. �New Research – Gut Solutions to Chemotherapy.� Designs for Health, 2 Jan. 2020, blog.designsforhealth.com/node/1179.


Modern Functional Wellness- Esse Quam Videri

The University offers a wide variety of medical professions for functional and integrative medicine. Their goal is to inform individuals who want to make a difference in the functional medical fields with knowledgeable information that they can provide.

Functional Neurology: Serotonin and Brain Health

Functional Neurology: Serotonin and Brain Health

Serotonin, also known as the “happy chemical”, is a substance associated with mood, happiness, and well-being as well as a variety of other structures and functions in the human body. Scientifically referred to as 5-hydroxytryptamine or 5-HT, this essential substance is commonly found in the brain, blood platelets, and gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Serotonin is another “chemical messenger” that controls mood and movement. It also helps to regulate and manage our circadian rhythm, or the human body’s sleep-and-wake cycle. Serotonin also controls appetite, cognitive, autonomic, and motor functions.   Serotonin is produced by a biochemical conversion process in the brain that involves several components of proteins, including tryptophan and its chemical reactor, known as tryptophan hydroxylase. Most scientists believe that this essential substance is a neurotransmitter while some scientists believe that serotonin is a hormone. The “happy chemical”, As previously mentioned above, is produced in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, blood platelets, and brain as well as in the central nervous system (CNS). In the following article, we will discuss the role of serotonin and its effect on overall brain and mental health.  

What is the Role of Serotonin?

  According to research studies, serotonin may play a fundamental role in a variety of brain and mental health issues, including anxiety, depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), phobias, and even epilepsy. Moreover, this substance is produced by the brain and body for appetite and digestion, including bowel movements, bone health, sex, and sleep. Serotonin is also a precursor to melatonin, another important chemical that helps regulate and manage our circadian rhythm, or sleep-and-wake cycle. Abnormal “happy chemical” levels can cause various other health issues.   Abnormal serotonin levels have been associated with other health issues, such as heart disease, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and osteoporosis, a disease that weakens the bones. This essential substance ultimately plays a much bigger role in the central nervous system (CNS) and in the general structure and function of the human body, including the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Serotonin is also associated with cell division, bone metabolism, liver regeneration, and breast milk production. As a neurotransmitter, serotonin sends signals between brain cells or neurons. Serotonin affects the brain and body in several ways.  
  • Mood: Serotonin affects mood, anxiety, depression, and happiness. Certain drugs and/or medications can considerably increase serotonin.
  • Bone density: Scientists have associated excess serotonin in the bones with osteoporosis. But, further research studies are still required.
  • Clotting: Serotonin causes blood clots, which are released by blood platelets after an open wound. Then, the essential substance will send signals between the brain cells, or neurons, to cause vasoconstriction, or narrowing of the blood vessels, to reduce blood flow and produce blood clots.
  • Nausea: If we consume something harmful, the gut produces serotonin to increase bowel functions and movements, often in diarrhea. When serotonin is produced in the brain after consuming something harmful, it can stimulate a certain region in the brain which causes nausea.
  • Bowel function: Serotonin regulates and manages bowel functions and movements. It also helps control our appetite while we are eating.
  • Sexual function: Serotonin seems to affect sexual function. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) increase serotonin levels in people with depression, but between 20 and 70 percent of people who take them experience a range of symptoms associated with sexual dysfunction.
 

Serotonin and Mental Health

  Serotonin, also known as the “happy chemical” ultimately helps naturally control your mood. According to a research study in 2007, people with depression as well as other brain and mental health issues generally have abnormal serotonin levels. Serotonin deficiencies have also been associated with anxiety and insomnia. Another research study in 2016 evaluated how a group of mice lacking serotonin autoreceptors inhibited serotonin secretion. Without these autoreceptors, the group of mice had increased serotonin levels. Scientists found that this group of mice also demonstrated less anxiety and depression.   It is not yet clear what exactly causes depression and other brain and mental health issues, but scientists believe that it may be associated with an imbalance of neurotransmitters or hormones in the brain and body. Normally, once a neurotransmitter has transmitted its neural impulse is reabsorbed into the body. SSRIs prevent the serotonin from being reabsorbed, leading to higher levels of serotonin in the synapses. In recent research studies, scientists have also found that gut bacteria may help produce serotonin and that most serotonin can actually be found in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Furthermore, scientists believe that most serotonin in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract may stimulate the vagus nerve, the long nerve that connects the gut and brain.   Dr. Alex Jimenez Insights Image
Serotonin, also known as the “happy chemical”, is a substance associated with mood, happiness, and a variety of other structures and functions in the human body. Scientifically referred to as 5-hydroxytryptamine or 5-HT, this essential substance is commonly found in the brain, blood platelets, and gastrointestinal (GI) tract. It ultimately helps to regulate and manage our circadian rhythm, or the human body’s sleep-and-wake cycle. Serotonin also controls appetite, cognitive, autonomic, and motor functions. Most scientists believe that this essential substance is a neurotransmitter while some scientists believe that serotonin is a hormone. In the following article, we will discuss the role of serotonin and its effect on overall brain and mental health.�- Dr. Alex Jimenez D.C., C.C.S.T. Insight
  Serotonin, also known as the “happy chemical”, is a substance associated with mood, happiness, and well-being as well as a variety of other structures and functions in the human body. Scientifically referred to as 5-hydroxytryptamine or 5-HT, this essential substance is commonly found in the brain, blood platelets, and gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Serotonin is another “chemical messenger” that controls mood and movement. It also helps to regulate and manage our circadian rhythm, or the human body’s sleep-and-wake cycle. Serotonin also controls appetite, cognitive, autonomic, and motor functions.   Serotonin is produced by a biochemical conversion process in the brain that involves several components of proteins, including tryptophan and its chemical reactor, known as tryptophan hydroxylase. Most scientists believe that this essential substance is a neurotransmitter while some scientists believe that serotonin is a hormone. The “happy chemical”, As previously mentioned above, is produced in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, blood platelets, and brain as well as in the central nervous system (CNS). In the following article, we discussed the role of serotonin and its effect on overall brain and mental health.  

The scope of our information is limited to chiropractic, musculoskeletal, and nervous health issues or functional medicine articles, topics, and discussions. We use functional health protocols to treat injuries or disorders of the musculoskeletal system. Our office has made a reasonable attempt to provide supportive citations and has identified the relevant research study or studies supporting our posts. We also make copies of supporting research studies available to the board and or the public upon request. To further discuss the subject matter above, please feel free to ask Dr. Alex Jimenez or contact us at 915-850-0900.�

  Curated by Dr. Alex Jimenez   References:
  1. McIntosh, James. �Serotonin: Facts, Uses, SSRIs, and Sources.� Medical News Today, MediLexicon International, 2 Feb. 2018, www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/232248.php.
  2. Konkel, Lindsey. �Serotonin: What to Know: Everyday Health.� EverydayHealth.com, Everyday Health Media, 15 Aug. 2018, www.everydayhealth.com/serotonin/guide/.
  3. Scaccia, Annamarya. �Serotonin: Functions, Normal Range, Side Effects, and More.� Healthline, Healthline Media, 26 Mar. 2019, www.healthline.com/health/mental-health/serotonin.
 
 

Neurotransmitter Assessment Form

[wp-embedder-pack width=”100%” height=”1050px” download=”all” download-text=”” attachment_id=”52657″ /]   The following Neurotransmitter Assessment Form can be filled out and presented to Dr. Alex Jimenez. The following symptoms listed on this form are not intended to be utilized as a diagnosis of any type of disease, condition, or any other type of health issue.  
 

Additional Topic Discussion: Chronic Pain

Sudden pain is a natural response of the nervous system which helps to demonstrate possible injury. By way of instance, pain signals travel from an injured region through the nerves and spinal cord to the brain. Pain is generally less severe as the injury heals, however, chronic pain is different than the average type of pain. With chronic pain, the human body will continue sending pain signals to the brain, regardless if the injury has healed. Chronic pain can last for several weeks to even several years. Chronic pain can tremendously affect a patient’s mobility and it can reduce flexibility, strength, and endurance.    
 

Neural Zoomer Plus for Neurological Disease

Neural Zoomer Plus | El Paso, TX Chiropractor Dr. Alex Jimenez utilizes a series of tests to help evaluate neurological diseases. The Neural ZoomerTM Plus is an array of neurological autoantibodies which offers specific antibody-to-antigen recognition. The Vibrant Neural ZoomerTM Plus is designed to assess an individual�s reactivity to 48 neurological antigens with connections to a variety of neurologically related diseases. The Vibrant Neural ZoomerTM Plus aims to reduce neurological conditions by empowering patients and physicians with a vital resource for early risk detection and an enhanced focus on personalized primary prevention.  

Food Sensitivity for the IgG & IgA Immune Response

Food Sensitivity Zoomer | El Paso, TX Chiropractor Dr. Alex Jimenez utilizes a series of tests to help evaluate health issues associated with a variety of food sensitivities and intolerances. The Food Sensitivity ZoomerTM is an array of 180 commonly consumed food antigens that offers very specific antibody-to-antigen recognition. This panel measures an individual�s IgG and IgA sensitivity to food antigens. Being able to test IgA antibodies provides additional information to foods that may be causing mucosal damage. Additionally, this test is ideal for patients who might be suffering from delayed reactions to certain foods. Utilizing an antibody-based food sensitivity test can help prioritize the necessary foods to eliminate and create a customized diet plan around the patient�s specific needs.  

Gut Zoomer for Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth (SIBO)

Gut Zoomer | El Paso, TX Chiropractor Dr. Alex Jimenez utilizes a series of tests to help evaluate gut health associated with small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO). The Vibrant Gut ZoomerTM offers a report that includes dietary recommendations and other natural supplementation like prebiotics, probiotics, and polyphenols. The gut microbiome is mainly found in the large intestine and it has more than 1000 species of bacteria that play a fundamental role in the human body, from shaping the immune system and affecting the metabolism of nutrients to strengthening the intestinal mucosal barrier (gut-barrier). It is essential to understand how the number of bacteria that symbiotically live in the human gastrointestinal (GI) tract influences gut health because imbalances in the gut microbiome may ultimately lead to gastrointestinal (GI) tract symptoms, skin conditions, autoimmune disorders, immune system imbalances, and multiple inflammatory disorders.  
Dunwoody Labs: Comprehensive Stool with Parasitology | El Paso, TX Chiropractor
GI-MAP: GI Microbial Assay Plus | El Paso, TX Chiropractor
 

Formulas for Methylation Support

Xymogen Formulas - El Paso, TX

  XYMOGEN�s Exclusive Professional Formulas are available through select licensed health care professionals. The internet sale and discounting of XYMOGEN formulas are strictly prohibited.

 

Proudly,�Dr. Alexander Jimenez makes XYMOGEN formulas available only to patients under our care.

 

Please call our office in order for us to assign a doctor consultation for immediate access.

 

If you are a patient of Injury Medical & Chiropractic�Clinic, you may inquire about XYMOGEN by calling 915-850-0900. xymogen el paso, tx   For your convenience and review of the XYMOGEN products please review the following link. *XYMOGEN-Catalog-Download   * All of the above XYMOGEN policies remain strictly in force.  
   
 

Modern Integrated Medicine

The National University of Health Sciences is an institution that offers a variety of rewarding professions to attendees. Students can practice their passion for helping other people achieve overall health and wellness through the institution’s mission. The National University of Health Sciences prepares students to become leaders in the forefront of modern integrated medicine, including chiropractic care. Students have an opportunity to gain unparalleled experience at the National University of Health Sciences to help restore the natural integrity of the patient and define the future of modern integrated medicine.    
Functional Endocrinology: Cortisol and Melatonin Circadian Rhythm

Functional Endocrinology: Cortisol and Melatonin Circadian Rhythm

Do you feel:

  • You cannot stay asleep at night?
  • You have a slow start in the morning?
  • Afternoon fatigue?
  • Waking up tired even after getting six or more hours of sleep?
  • Under a high amount of stress?

If you are experiencing any of these situations, then it might be due to your melatonin and cortisol levels affecting your body and circadian rhythm.

Across the world, millions of people have trouble sleeping. In the United States, there are roughly about 50-70 million people who have a poor quality of sleep. When a person has slept for less than eight hours, they become tired, and many problems can come to them, especially if their lives are hectic. With a hectic lifestyle and poor sleep, it can cause the body to have low energy to get any task done, the cortisol stress hormone will be raised, and diseases like high blood pressure and diabetes can cause problems that can be chronic if it is not treated.

BBP7B6x

In functional endocrinology, melatonin and cortisol are hormones that the body produces naturally. The cortisol hormone or the stress hormone helps the body be in a state of “fight or flight” mode, which can be a good thing for anyone who is doing a project or going for a job interview. Although when cortisol hormone levels are high, it can lead the body to have complications like inflammation, chronic oxidative stress, and high blood pressure.

The Melatonin Circadian Rhythm

With the melatonin hormone, this hormone tells the body when it is time to sleep. Sometimes though, people do have a hard time sleeping, and taking melatonin supplements can actually relax the body and thus making the person fall asleep. Since the pineal gland produces melatonin from the brain, it can also be found in the eyes, the bone marrow, and the gut to relax the body and making the person fall asleep naturally. Some studies show that the circadian rhythm of the pineal gland that is producing melatonin. By doing this, the research shows that the administration of melatonin can:

  • One: induce sleep on individuals who have trouble falling asleep.
  • Two: inhibits the body to wake up naturally from the circadian pacemaker.
  • Three: shift the circadian biological clocks to increase sleep intake when a person is trying to sleep at an earlier time to get the full eight-hour benefits of sleep.

When a person is working at a 9 to 5 job, they are rising with their bodies and relaxing their bodies after a hard day at work. Studies found out that the melatonin and cortisol hormones help regulate the 24-hour pattern of the body’s function and responses tremendously. With the body’s hormone production cycle, it can be disturbed if the person is staying awake late at night or sleeping during the day. When this happens, the person can get disruptive disorders like mood swings, dizziness, be irritable and depressed, and have metabolic disorders. Not only that, but the body’s immune system and its endocrine system can also be damaged as well, causing the body to be a host to infections and diseases.

There have been more studies on the circadian rhythms in the body, as the studies show how people who work in the night shift have been associated with a vast number of adverse health problems that attack the cardiovascular and gastrointestinal system as well as disturbing the metabolic system. Anyone who has worked the night shift has to change their sleep schedule and adapt to the rapid reorientation in their sleep/wake schedule to go to work and do their job. Since everyone is working at a shift schedule, it can be stressful and can affect a worker’s body performance as well as affecting melatonin and cortisol secretion.

Ways To Support Cortisol and Melatonin

Surprisingly though, there are ways to lower cortisol levels and make sure that melatonin levels are working correctly for the body to function. For cortisol levels to be lowered, a person should do meditative practices, find an enjoyable hobby, and, most importantly, try deep breathing exercises to relax the body from unwanted stress. With deep breathing exercises, it can help the body to release any tension that a person is holding, and the muscles in the body began to relax, and the blood starts to flow. With the melatonin levels, they work together with the body’s circadian rhythm and make sure the body knows when it is time to wake up, sleep and eat. The melatonin hormone can also help regulate the body’s temperature, blood pressure, and hormone levels to make sure it is functioning correctly. When there are high levels of these systems, it can cause the body to develop chronic illnesses and harm the body in the process.

Research shows that melatonin hormones can bind to neurological receptors in the body, thus promoting relaxation. Since melatonin binds to neurological receptors, it can also reduce nerve activity and dopamine levels to make the eyes heavy, thus making the person fall asleep.

Conclusion

With the body being able to naturally produce melatonin and cortisol levels to make sure that the body does not get overly stressed throughout the entire day. Since melatonin is partnered with the body’s circadian rhythm, the body knows when to stay up and fall asleep. Since everyone has a hectic schedule, it is essential to take time and relax and get on a healthy sleep schedule so the body can be healthy and functioning. Some products are here to make sure that the endocrine system is functioning properly and supporting the adrenal glands and sugar metabolism.

The scope of our information is limited to chiropractic, musculoskeletal, and nervous health issues or functional medicine articles, topics, and discussions. We use functional health protocols to treat injuries or disorders of the musculoskeletal system. Our office has made a reasonable attempt to provide supportive citations and has identified the relevant research study or studies supporting our posts. We also make copies of supporting research studies available to the board and or the public upon request. To further discuss the subject matter above, please feel free to ask Dr. Alex Jimenez or contact us at 915-850-0900.


References:

Cajochen, C, et al. �Role of Melatonin in the Regulation of Human Circadian Rhythms and Sleep.� Journal of Neuroendocrinology, U.S. National Library of Medicine, Apr. 2003, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12622846.

James, Francine O, et al. �Circadian Rhythms of Melatonin, Cortisol, and Clock Gene Expression during Simulated Night Shift Work.� Sleep, Associated Professional Sleep Societies, LLC, Nov. 2007, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2082093/.

Monteleone, P, et al. �Temporal Relationship between Melatonin and Cortisol Responses to Nighttime Physical Stress in Humans.� Psychoneuroendocrinology, U.S. National Library of Medicine, 1992, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1609019.

Raman, Ryan. �How Melatonin Can Help You Sleep and Feel Better.� Healthline, Healthline Media, 3 Sept. 2017, www.healthline.com/nutrition/melatonin-and-sleep.

Zamanian, Zahra, et al. �Outline of Changes in Cortisol and Melatonin Circadian Rhythms in the Security Guards of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences.� International Journal of Preventive Medicine, Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd, July 2013, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3775223/.


Modern Integrative and Functional Medicine- Esse Quam Videri

By informing individuals about how the National University of Health Sciences provides knowledge for future generations who want to make a difference in the world. The University offers a wide variety of medical professions for functional and integrative medicine.

Functional Endocrinology: The Mind-Body Connection and Stress Part 1

Functional Endocrinology: The Mind-Body Connection and Stress Part 1

Do you feel:

  • Stressed out after a long day?
  • Irritable if meals are missed?
  • Shaky, jittery, or have tremors?
  • Agitated, easily upset, or nervous?
  • Hormone imbalance?

If you are experiencing any of these situations, then your mind-body connection might be unbalanced.

Throughout history, there have been studies and theories that the mind and body are separate. This theory has been accepted by many; however, there is so much evidence showing the mind, and the body having a bidirectional relationship in the body like the gut system that sends signals to the brain and vise versa. Since each organ sends its signals to the brain, the endocrine system sends out signals to the brain in the form of hormones, which can alter the person’s perception of the world through their eyes.

With that in mind, neuroplasticity has shown people that when they are in their environment, it can be altered the physical make up of the environment. Many modern scientists have acquired very sophisticated tools that can monitor the body’s brainwaves, the microbes, and many other factors that can change the body’s mind. Since stress is a full-body response, it can be both a good thing and a bad thing for the body. Good stress in the body gives the “fight or flight” response while the bad stress can become chronic and can lead the body to be dysfunctional. So the idea of having the mind and the body being a separate function seems to be a bit outdated but also informational.

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By exploring the science and psychology of the mind-body disconnect, researchers can see how a person�s hormones can affect their perception of the world. By diving into the body, researchers can also see how stress can produce any visible changes in the brain as well.

How Experiences Alters the Mind

Many experiences can alter the mind. Whether it be good experiences that can be used in the work atmosphere or it can be bad experiences like being traumatized from horrible events. Studies show that trauma can alter the mind and depend on the situation. Even though the damage that is caused by trauma can be healed if it is minor. In some cases, it can scar a person even though the physical damage is healed. The mental damage is affected as a person can relive the traumatic experience that they encountered.

With good experience, they can be useful to a person if the damage has minored. If a person accidentally hurt themselves from any activities, they know not to do that again. Although if a person practices on specific activities and get better at it with time, it becomes a skill they can use. Sometimes a person can have a set of specific skills that are beneficial when they are working in the job they are in. So depending on the experiences that a person is dealing with, it can be either good or bad, but their brains will remember it.

The Difference Between Dualism and Monism

There has always been a philosophical debate on the mind and body. There are different ways to look at the mind-body connection, as many researchers have debated whether the mind is part of the body or that the body is part of the mind. Thus the difference between Dualism and Monism has different views on the mind-body connection.

Dualism is defined as being born out of the body as a physical object, and the mind or the consciousness is being constructed. The origins of dualism started with the Cartesian ways of thinking, where people started to argue that there was a two-way relationship between the mental and physical substances in the body. Surprisingly, the belief of the physical and mental systems are compartmentalized and not inter-related like what some people think.

French philosopher Ren� Descartes stated that the mind interacts with the body through the pineal glands and that the mind controls the body. He also summed his thoughts with one of his famous statements: �I think therefore I am.� With this statement, it tells researchers that the mind is a nonphysical and non-spatial substance that is being identified with consciousness and self-awareness in the body.

With monism, it is defined as a material point of view and that all humans are just merely complex physiological organisms. There is another type of monism known as phenomenalism. It also goes by subject idealism, and the concept of this monism is that the mind and the body are two separate entities. With each type of monism, the concepts always seem to be the same, which shows that each type of monism seems to ignore either the mind or the body. It is always one or the other, never together at the same time.

How Stress Hormones Influences the Brain

When it comes to stress and hormones, there has been a lot of scientific advancements on how the stress hormone affects the brain in the body. Since hormones have been found to alter the hippocampal neurons with stress hormones, they can give the body the burst of energy that it needs. Although, if there is a long-term activation of the stress hormone can wear the brain down and kill the brain’s cells. If someone has any psychological disorders that cause prolonged stress, it can impair cognitive function, and the results can be enhanced emotionally.

Conclusion

With the mind-body connection, they can send signals to each other and make sure that the human body is functioning correctly. When there is prolonged stress in the body, it can disrupt the signals and cause the body to dysfunction. The next article will be discussing how stress can rewire the brain in the body. Some products can help the body by supporting the endocrine system as well as helping the body to relieve temporary stress.

The scope of our information is limited to chiropractic, musculoskeletal, and nervous health issues or functional medicine articles, topics, and discussions. We use functional health protocols to treat injuries or disorders of the musculoskeletal system. Our office has made a reasonable attempt to provide supportive citations and has identified the relevant research study or studies supporting our posts. We also make copies of supporting research studies available to the board and or the public upon request. To further discuss the subject matter above, please feel free to ask Dr. Alex Jimenez or contact us at 915-850-0900.


References:

Perry, Bruce D., et al. �Childhood Trauma, the Neurobiology of Adaptation, and �Use?Dependent� Development of the Brain: How �States� Become �Traits.�� Semantic Scholar, 1 Jan. 1995, www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Childhood-trauma%2C-the-neurobiology-of-adaptation%2C-Perry-Pollard/1d6ef0f4601a9f437910deaabc09fd2ce2e2d31e.

Team, Biotics Education. �Stress – The Mind-Body Connection Part 1.� Biotics Research Blog, 9 Dec. 2019, blog.bioticsresearch.com/stress-the-mind-body-connection-part-1.

Woolley, C S, and P A Schwartzkroin. �Hormonal Effects on the Brain.� Epilepsia, U.S. National Library of Medicine, 1998, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9915614.


Modern Integrative Medicine

Functional Endocrinology: The Hippocampus and Stress

Functional Endocrinology: The Hippocampus and Stress

Do you feel:

  • Stressed out?
  • Have uncontrollable weight gain?
  • Can you not remember specific stuff?
  • Agitated, jittery, anxious?
  • Inflammation?

If you are experiencing any of these situations, then your hippocampus might be lowered than usual.

The Hippocampus

In the brain, there is an S-shaped structured located in the inner folds in the temporal lobe called the hippocampus. The hippocampus is a complex brain structure that has a layer of densely packed neurons, and its primary function involves how humans learn and how their memory works. The hippocampus is part of the limbic system as well since it works the feeling and reacting function in the body. The limbic system is situated at the edge of the cortex and includes the hypothalamus and the amygdala.

Hippocampus-Brain-female-2-big-bigstock.jpg

These structures help controls the body�s different functions like the endocrine system and the �fight or flight� reaction response. With the hippocampus helping humans process what information they are learning, this structure can retrieve two kinds of memories that are important; they are declarative memories and spatial relationship memories.

  • Declarative memories: These are memories that are related to facts and events a person experience. It includes examples like how to memorize speeches or line in a play that a person is doing.
  • Spatial relationship memories: These memories involve pathways or routes that a person must learn. An example of this is transportation drivers like cab drivers, bus drivers, and truckers who have to learn the routes in the places they are going to. So they use spatial memory and practice their routes many times until they have it in their memories. The spatial relationship memories are stored on the right side of the hippocampus.

Sadly though, the hippocampus can be damaged by neurological diseases like Alzheimer�s disease and PTSD (Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder). When it is damaged, a variety of conditions can affect the hippocampus�s ability to do its job for the brain, thus making the individual suffer from retaining information.

Hippocampus Conditions

Several conditions can cause problems to the body when the hippocampus is damaged. This is known as hippocampus atrophy, where the neurons and neuronal volume in the hippocampal that is a loss.

Alzheimer�s Disease

Alzheimer�s disease is when an individual begins to lose their memory. When the hippocampus is damaged, it can cause a dissociation between the cortexes and leads to information registration failure. Studies show that when Alzheimer�s disease is progressing, the hippocampus will lose its volume, and it will become harder for an individual to function in their daily lives.

Epilepsy

When a person has epilepsy, it might be due to a damaged hippocampus. Research shows that around 50 to 75% of patients with this disease may have hippocampal sclerosis, and in case they have died, they have medial temporal lobe epilepsy. More research states that the mechanics of hippocampal sclerosis in epilepsy can be related to the development of inflammation on the uncontrolled local hippocampus and blood-brain barrier damage.

Hypertension

When the hippocampus is damaged, hypertension can happen to a person. Hypertension is another name for high blood pressure, and it can lead to severe health complications to the body. Even though the causes of hypertension are still unknown, the risk factors from hypertension can include:

  • Environmental factors like stress or a lack of exercise
  • Hormone activity
  • Blood plasma

Studies show that hypertension and other risk factors are being increasingly viewed as a putative factor that is leading to hippocampal atrophy.

Cushing�s Disease

Cushing�s disease or Cushing syndrome is when the body is exposed to high levels of cortisol for a long time. Studies show that when there is a loss of cellular volume to the corticosteroid�s levels in the body and it could be responsible. When there is too much cortisol being produced in the body, it is one of the signs of Cushing syndrome. Some of the other signs include:

  • Weight gain
  • Fatty tissue deposits around the midsection, face, upper back and between the shoulders
  • Pink or purple stretch marks
  • Thinning, fragile skin that bruises easily
  • Slow healing cuts, insect bites and infections
  • Acne
  • Muscle weakness
  • Cognitive difficulties
  • Loss of emotional control

Since stress does play a role in the endocrine system and the neurological system, there are nearly 80 years of research on how much focus has been on the various levels of the HPA (hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal) axis and the hormones it produces. It shows that glucocorticoids as the mediators for the stress effects on the hippocampus and being the contributing factor for stress-associated psychopathologies.

Conclusion

The hippocampus is located in the temporal lobe of the brain. This S-shaped structure can be easily damaged due to stress and other neurological factors that can affect the entire body and its systems. When harmful factors affect the hippocampus, it can lead the hormones that are producing to become imbalanced and cause dysfunction. Some products are here to make sure that the endocrine system is functioning properly and supporting the metabolic system, the gastrointestinal system, as well as making sure the hormones are balanced.

The scope of our information is limited to chiropractic, musculoskeletal, and nervous health issues or functional medicine articles, topics, and discussions. We use functional health protocols to treat injuries or disorders of the musculoskeletal system. Our office has made a reasonable attempt to provide supportive citations and has identified the relevant research study or studies supporting our posts. We also make copies of supporting research studies available to the board and or the public upon request. To further discuss the subject matter above, please feel free to ask Dr. Alex Jimenez or contact us at 915-850-0900.


References:

Anand, Kuljeet Singh, and Vikas Dhikav. �Hippocampus in Health and Disease: An Overview.� Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology, Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd, Oct. 2012, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3548359/.

Dresden, Danielle. �Hippocampus: Function, Size, and Problems.� Medical News Today, MediLexicon International, 7 Dec. 2017, www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/313295.php.

Felman, Adam. �Hypertension: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments.� Medical News Today, MediLexicon International, 22 July 2019, www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/150109.php.

Kim, Eun Joo, et al. �Stress Effects on the Hippocampus: a Critical Review.� Learning & Memory (Cold Spring Harbor, N.Y.), Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, 18 Aug. 2015, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4561403/.

Team, Mayo Clinic. �Cushing Syndrome.� Mayo Clinic, Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 30 May 2019, www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/cushing-syndrome/symptoms-causes/syc-20351310.

 

 

Can The Weather Predict Your Moods?

Can The Weather Predict Your Moods?

Do you feel:

  • That your joints are aching for no reason?
  • Depression/lack of motivation?
  • Inflammation in your joints?
  • Feel cold?
  • Edema?

If you are experiencing any of these situations, then it might be the weather that is affecting your mood and your body.

The Weather

Does the weather forecast make anyone smile? Whether it is nothing but bright, sunny skies and warm temperatures or gray, overcast skies with threats of rain and thunderstorms, the weather can affect a person’s joints and cause them pain. The old saying “Feel it in my bones” comes to play when environmental conditions can affect the physical body. Research has indicated that these effects are not just skin deep, but the weather can affect a person�s mood and emotional health. They found that patients experience increased joint pain in response to a decrease in pressure and indicating that low atmospheric pressure conditions exacerbate joint pain.

weather-shutterstock_103277342

Lots of people are affected differently by different weather patterns. There are no hard-fast rules regarding the influence of how the weather affects people�s moods. The research suggested that high humidity may increase sleepiness and can negatively affect concentration and focus on a person. While rising temperatures can help lower anxiety and skepticism mood scores in a person. Since humidity is the most significant predictor since it implicates for school and office performances are being discussed and highlights the importance of humidity as a weather variable.

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Some individuals love to sit out in the sun and soak up every ray while basking in the heat. Others instead prefer to let themselves stay indoors surrounded by air conditioning and feeling so much better in the colder weather with less sunshine.

Types of People Affected By The Weather

Studies have researched that there were four distinct types of people, especially in children and their mothers that were identified when it comes to the weather and their moods. They are:

  • Summer Lover
  • Unaffected
  • Summer Haters
  • Rain Haters

Summer Lovers have better moods in warm, sunny weather while the Summer Hater has the worse moods under the warmer conditions. People in the Unaffected category has shown only the weak association between the weather and their moods. When it comes to rainy days, Rain Haters experiences particularly bad moods during those types of days. The correlation between the children and their mothers was founded for two of the types. It stated that there might be some intergenerational influences, and the finding from the study and many others show that there is a massive individual difference in how the weather affects people’s moods. Some people love rainy or sunny days, while others loathe them.

Cooling off after a run

A 2013 paper found that rising temperatures and increased precipitation can have a significant impact on human conflict and interpersonal violence. The correlation between the higher temperatures like more extreme rainfall and increased violence was seen on both scales, large and small. Other researchers have suggested that the psychological effects of the weather are influenced by seasons and the time a person is outside. What they found was that higher temperatures or the barometric pressure were related to better moods, memory, and “broadened” cognitive style in the springtime as an individual spends more time outside has increased.

Weather Can Affect People�s Mood

While this relationship is perfect for some people, others see this relationship as an inverse during the other seasons. Some people found out that during the warmer seasons, lowers their mood. It is correlated strongly with individuals who live in the south. The hotter weather can cause them to have poorer moods when the summer has higher temperatures, and it can become downright debilitating.

weather-netherlands

Researchers speculated that the discrepancy between spring and summer moods might be related to seasonal affective disorder. With seasonal affective disorder, the results were consistent with their findings. They suggested that pleasant weather improves moods and broaden cognition in the spring because people have been deprived of such weather during the winter.

The founder and editor-in-chief of Psych Central, John M, Grohol, Psy.D., noted that the weather could affect people’s moods and emotions. He also mentions that the strength of that relationship varies from person to person, and the effects are noticeable, whether it be small in some people or more pronounced in others.

Winter

Another study found that many people intuit that the bad weather makes them sad and pleasant weather makes them happy. Scientific investigations have largely failed to support such associations, however, with variations in meteorological variables either showing no or weak relationships with variations in normal moods. It means that a person�s definition of� �good� or �bad� weather is their own opinion. If someone likes the rain, then gray, rainy days are �good� in their view while others view rainy days are �bad� and prefer sunshine, blue skies, and warmer weather.

Conclusion

The weather can affect anyone’s mood. Whether people enjoy the colder seasons or the warmer seasons, their moods can change due to the type of weather. If they are aware of their mood patterns, taking supplements can ease the transition of the change of seasons and be a beneficial impact on their moods. Some products can help support the body and making sure that the entire system is functioning correctly by targeting amino acids and sugar metabolism.

The scope of our information is limited to chiropractic, musculoskeletal, and nervous health issues or functional medicine articles, topics, and discussions. We use functional health protocols to treat injuries or disorders of the musculoskeletal system. Our office has made a reasonable attempt to provide supportive citations and has identified the relevant research study or studies supporting our posts. We also make copies of supporting research studies available to the board and or the public upon request. To further discuss the subject matter above, please feel free to ask Dr. Alex Jimenez or contact us at 915-850-0900.


References:

Bullock, Ben, et al. �Highs and Lows, Ups and Downs: Meteorology and Mood in Bipolar Disorder.� PloS One, Public Library of Science, 9 Mar. 2017, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5344507/.

Grohol, John M. �Weather Can Change Your Mood.� World of Psychology, 28 Mar. 2019, psychcentral.com/blog/weather-can-change-your-mood/.

Howarth, E, and M S Hoffman. �A Multidimensional Approach to the Relationship between Mood and Weather.� British Journal of Psychology (London, England: 1953), U.S. National Library of Medicine, Feb. 1984, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6704634.

Hsiang, Solomon M., et al. �Quantifying the Influence of Climate on Human Conflict.� Science, American Association for the Advancement of Science, 13 Sept. 2013, science.sciencemag.org/content/341/6151/1235367.

Keller, Matthew C, et al. �A Warm Heart and a Clear Head. The Contingent Effects of Weather on Mood and Cognition.� Psychological Science, U.S. National Library of Medicine, Sept. 2005, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16137259.

Keller, Matthew C, et al. �A Warm Heart and a Clear Head. The Contingent Effects of Weather on Mood and Cognition.� Psychological Science, U.S. National Library of Medicine, Sept. 2005, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16137259.

Klimstra, Theo A, et al. �Come Rain or Come Shine: Individual Differences in How Weather Affects Mood.� Emotion (Washington, D.C.), U.S. National Library of Medicine, Dec. 2011, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21842988.

Team, DFH. �Weather Forecast � Can It Predict Your Mood, Too?� Designs for Health, 15 Aug. 2019, blog.designsforhealth.com/node/1085.

Verg�s, Josep, et al. �Weather Conditions Can Influence Rheumatic Diseases.� Proceedings of the Western Pharmacology Society, U.S. National Library of Medicine, 2004, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15633634.

 

Healthy Minds, Healthy Life El Paso Texas

Healthy Minds, Healthy Life El Paso Texas

A Healthy Mind

Our brain is one of our most important organs that controls everything that we do. From learning how to walk at our earlier stages, learning new motor skills, to remembering nostalgic events in our lives. However, when tragedy strikes, our brain is the first one to get impacted.

The brain has many functions in the past that were structured, fixed, and therefore, hard-wired. That changed in the 1970s when neuroscientists discovered that the brain was the opposite of what they originally thought. It turns out that the brain is continuously changing and gathering information for many life events called neuroplasticity.

Our brain�s neuroplasticity has helped us re-learned simple motor skills by training our bodies to do these functions through rehabilitation from any brain injuries that anyone has been through. However, for some people, when they are recovering from any tragic events can encounter many mental struggles and have a hard time to bounce back. The most common mental struggles are apparently stress.

 

11860 Vista Del Sol, Ste. 128 Healthy Minds, Healthy Life El Paso Texas

Stress

Stress is common to our daily lives and can affect our mental and brain health and can be classified into two categories.

Good Stress: Increases energy, strengthens the immune system, immune to other stressful situations.

Bad Stress: High blood pressure, mental health problems, weaker immune system.

These two categories can make our brain go into overdrive, however, once you find out what stresses you out; you can actually find many ways to de-stress and relax. Some examples are taking up a hobby to make your brain learn a new technique, while others are either exercising or talking to someone.

When you�re exercise, not only your whole body feels good, but also you can let out whatever is frustrating you when you put the work in. And when you are done exercising for thirty minutes to an hour, you will feel a whole lot better with a clear head. When you�re talking to someone, it feels pretty good to have somebody there to listen to your problems and sometimes they will give you some advice and maybe something to drink so you can feel relaxed a bit and let your worries slip away.

Other times when you want to keep your brain healthy is to eat some really good food. Some of the food we eat have been known to keep our brain�s motor skill running and making your body feel good. Omega-3s, antioxidants, L-theanine supplements are consumed to calm down the neurotransmitters that are in our brain.

 

11860 Vista Del Sol, Ste. 128 Healthy Minds, Healthy Life El Paso Texas

 

Neurotransmitters

This leads to our neurotransmitters, GABA and Glutamate, to be monitored by MRS (magnetic resonance spectroscopy). When these two neurotransmitters are being monitored, doctors have found out that the patient�s glutamate is in overdrive and that they need to increase the patient�s GABA in order to lower the excitotoxicity and protecting the brain�s grey matter or else the brain will get destroyed.

Some of the best ways to ease an anxious mind are to figure out what is causing our brains to be extremely anxious in any situations that are thrown to us. Our brain is like the CPU of a computer that we programmed and managed so we can have these thoughts, passion, and desires that are wired into our minds. The brain is an intricated network of neurons and receptors that co-exist to various internal and external stimulations.

So, if we were to find the �virus� that is causing our brains to be overwork and anxious, we can change our mind to make it mellow out and tell ourselves that we are fine. Our brain has six brainwaves that are well known and here is a very quick outline of what each wave does.

  • Infra-low: The �reset� wavelength helps our brain slow down and reset our thought process.
  • Delta: These waves help us go into a deep meditative state.
  • Theta: These waves benefit our memories, intuition and learning process.
  • Alpha: These waves make us feel calm and be at a resting state.
  • Beta: These waves are split into three sections and each section deals with our waking state: Idling, calculated thoughts and learning new experiences.
  • Gamma: These waves make us have a quiet, calm healthy mind when we need peace and quiet.

The first five brain waves are key for us to have a calm, collected healthy mind when we have to go to sleep. We all know that having 8 hours of sleep is essential for us to have a healthy mind. When we don�t get enough sleep, we feel grouchy or even more tired when we have to get up to go to school or work. So, we have a bit of caffeine to lift our spirits up, and of course, go through the day. Even if we have some time to spare a quick nap for about thirty minutes seems to help our brain process what we learned and then feel refreshed after that nap.

Proper Sleep = Healthy Mind

Like the last paragraph stated, when we don�t get enough sleep, we feel more tired when we have to get up and start our day. However, let�s say someone is very anxious or has depression can suffer from hypersomnia. When a person suffers from hypersomnia, it takes that person�s willpower to actually get up and go out of their bedroom.

What they think is that �I don�t feel well� but; it is actually their brain producing so much glutamate and have less GABA that may be a factor to these triggers. But when we find supplements that can help our brain rewired itself naturally with these supplements that we find in food. As Hippocrates stated, �Let food be thy medicine and let medicine be thy food.�

All in all, our brain is one of the most valuable organs that we must take care of. Whether it be taking up a new hobby, going to eat some good food to fuel our brain cells and protect it at the same time, or even finding a quiet place to meditate. We have to have to make sure our brain�s neurochemistry is doing okay and that it is healthy enough to experience new things that we encounter throughout our lives.


 

El Paso, TX Neck Pain Chiropractic Treatment

 

 

Sandra Rubio discusses the symptoms, causes, and treatments of neck pain. Headaches, migraines, dizziness, confusion, and weakness in the upper extremities are a few of the typical symptoms. Trauma from an accident, such as that from an automobile accident or a sports injury, or an aggravated illness because of improper posture can commonly cause neck pain and other ailments. Dr. Alex Jimenez uses spinal alterations and manual manipulations, one of other chiropractic treatment techniques like deep-tissue massage, to reestablish the alignment of the cervical spine and improve neck pain. Chiropractic care with Dr. Alex Jimenez is your non-surgical choice for restoring general patient well-being.
Neck pain is a frequent health issue, with roughly two-thirds of the people being influenced by neck pain at any time throughout their lifetimes. Numerous other health issues can cause pain arising in the upper back, or the spine. Neck pain can result emanating from the vertebrae, or because of muscular tightness in both the neck and the upper back. Joint disruption in the neck causes migraines, and headache, as does joint disturbance at the trunk, or can generate a variety of other symptoms. Neck pain affects about 5 percent of the worldwide population as of 2010, based on figures.

 

NCBI Resources

The relationship between the body and the mind is still far from being fully understood. However, there is no denying the significant connection between our physical health and our mental health. When your body is healthier, your mood is more level and positive. Just like keeping a food diary can help you identify a food allergy, keeping an anxiety diary can help you see what things in your life are triggering your anxiety. Triggers for anxiety�can include a wide range of things, not all of them related to human interactions. All for a healthy mind!

 

 

Cites

Neuroplasticity: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neuroplasticity

12 best brain foods: Memory, concentration, and brain health: https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/324044.php

5 Surprising Ways That Stress Affects Your Brain: https://www.verywellmind.com/surprising-ways-that-stress-affects-your-brain-2795040

Hypersomnia: Causes, Symptoms, and More: https://www.healthline.com/health/hypersomnia

Stroke! What To Do In The Event Of? F.A.S.T

Stroke! What To Do In The Event Of? F.A.S.T

Research has found about 35% of Americans experience symptoms of a warning stroke. However, only 3% seek out immediate medical attention. A stroke occurs when the blood supply to part of the brain is blocked or reduced, which deprives brain tissue of oxygen and nutrients. Within minutes, brain cells start to die.

Adults who have had a sign of a�temporary blockage aka, a Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) waited/rested until symptoms had subsided instead of calling 911. This is according to the research from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association (AHA/ASA).

Only a formal medical diagnosis with brain imaging can determine whether someone is having a TIA or stroke. If you or someone experiences warning signs that come on suddenly or go away,�CALL 911 IMMEDIATELY!

Stroke: Early Signs

  • Ischemic strokes occur when a clot blocks blood flow to the brain.
  • This type may be treated immediately with a special clot-busting drug
  • A device called a stent retriever may also be used to remove the clot and help prevent long-term disability.
  • TIA precedes about 15% of strokes
  • People who have had TIA are at greater risk for stroke within three months

Use The Acronym F.A.S.T. To Help Remember Common Signs:

  • Face Drooping
  • Arm Weakness
  • Speech Difficulty
  • Time To Call 911

Other Warnings Signs:

  • Confusion
  • Dizziness
  • Loss Of Balance/Coordination
  • Numbness Or Weakness Of Face, Arm or Leg, Particularly On One Side Of The Body
  • Trouble Speaking Or Understanding
  • Trouble Walking
  • Unexplained Severe Headache
  • Vision Loss In One Or Both Eyes

stroke signs fast response el paso tx.

Injury Medical Clinic: Stress Management Care & Treatments

Curcumin Boosts Brain Health

Curcumin Boosts Brain Health

How important is nutrition for our brain health? In the current work force, we are continuously stressed, often forced to finish tasks faster in order to meet ever so demanding deadlines. In addition, we are expected to maintain our optimal mental health, as this can be an essential�part towards delivering quality work. When our mental health is being affected by our hectic lifestyles, however, several practices which can help you start thinking more clearly can include sleeping properly, controlling stress, and even taking nutritional supplements for your brain health.

 

One nutritional supplement which has been widely recognized for its ability to boost brain health is curcumin, the active ingredient found in turmeric. Well-known for its antioxidant properties and its capacity to control inflammation in the human body, this powerful herb can also promote good mood and cognition. Another specific group which has reported significant benefits with the increased use of curcumin, is the elderly population. Below, we will discuss how curcumin can help boost brain health as well as demonstrate additional benefits this golden gem can have on our overall health and wellness.

 

Curcumin: a Golden Gem for Brain Health

 

In accordance with the Journal of Pharmacology, curcumin is made-up of a variety of substances which can encourage biological mechanisms that counteract age-related cognitive decline, dementia, or mood disorders. One randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial analyzed the acute, of approximately 1 and 3 hours following a single dose, chronic, of approximately 4 weeks, and acute-on-chronic, of approximately 1 and 3 hours after one dose subsequently after chronic treatment, consequences of a curcumin formulation on cognitive function, mood, and blood biomarkers in 60 healthy adults ranging from the 60 to 85 years of age. After about one hour of application, the curcumin had considerably enhanced the participant’s functionality on attention and working memory tasks, in comparison with the placebo. Working memory and mood, which included general fatigue, change in calmness, contentedness and fatigue triggered by emotional strain were fundamentally improved following chronic therapy.

 

Curcumin boosts BDNF (brain-derived neurotrophic factor), the brain hormone which helps boost the development of new neurons that are in charge of improving memory and learning as well as supplying a substantial option for countering the aging brain. Additionally, this powerful ingredient increases blood circulation to the brain, also providing a much better attention span for greater work productivity.

 

Appreciating its anxiolytic effects can be one of the greatest benefits of carrying curcumin. According to the Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology, a randomized double-blinded and double-blind trial with 60 subjects experiencing stress-related symptoms, including exhaustion, were to get routine curcumin nutritional supplements, and placebo for 30 days. The results indicated a greater quality of life, and diminished stress and fatigue for those receiving regular curcumin intakes. This progressive compound is believed to be able to help alleviate depression by altering the release of dopamine and serotonin, two powerful hormones which help keep the human mind and body at ease. Curcumin also promotes the optima health and wellness of inflammation pathways from the brain, which ultimately will help improve energy, mood, and production levels.

 

Curcumin may additionally promote cognition via its powerful antioxidant action which improves the bioavailability of DHA, the potent omega-3 fatty acid demonstrated to boost brain health. A research study in the American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry revealed that curcumin really does protect the brain from neurodegeneration. The evaluation and analysis included 40 participants ranging from the ages of 51 to 84 years of age. Each individual subject consumed 90mg of curcumin twice per day or placebo for 18 weeks. The results indicated enhanced long-term healing, visual memory, and focus. With its tremendous medicinal properties, curcumin can also support neuroplasticity, which empowers the brain to change and fortify itself even through the natural degeneration with aging.

 

Curcumin can also promote anti-seizure action. With its antioxidant properties, this golden gem can help slow down reactive astrocyte expression, which helps cells survive within the mind. According to the Neuropharmacology Laboratory, Department of Pharmacology, the antioxidant properties of curcumin helped alleviate migraines, cognitive impairment, and cognitive stress in rats. A dental pre-treatment of curcumin was given to male rats which were additionally treated together with Pentylenetrazole, or PZT, every other day. The study demonstrated that curcumin enhanced the seizure score and indicated a diminished amount of myoclonic jerks. Furthermore, the outcome measures of the research study demonstrated that curcumin restructures seizures, oxidative stress, and brain function. Moreover, it helps protect memory function which may also be jeopardized by seizure activity.

 

Using its capability to strengthen fatty acids in the mind, curcumin helps athletes achieve better physical performance by boosting critical thinking, improving problem solving, and developing improved choices. The neuroprotective properties in curcumin also help regenerate tissues. In reality, based on Stem Cell Research and Therapy, a research study was conducted between the effects of curcumin on endogenous stem cells which were impartial. The study demonstrated that curcumin played an essential role in the healing of cells from combating the activation of microglia cells. Scientists in the Institute of Neuroscience and Medicine in Julich, Germany, observed the effects of impartial stem cell generation. During a 72-hour period, the evaluation and analysis demonstrated and indicated that the turmeric curcumin improved cellular generation by up to 80 percent. This shows how powerful curcumin could be for successful brain health function.

 

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Dr. Alex Jimenez’s Insight

Nutrition is a fundamental factor in overall health and wellness. In today’s stressful world, however, it can often become difficult to eat a proper meal, let alone making sure we are taking in all the necessary nutrients we require on a regular basis. That, plus the added pressure of the workforce can have detrimental effects on our brain health. Dietary supplements, such as curcumin, have been demonstrated to have tremendous benefits on brain health. Although we may not always have the “free time” to sit down and have a properly balanced meal, taking nutritional supplements like curcumin, among others, can help improve the human body’s general well-being.

 

While many research studies have found that natural remedies and botanicals, such as dietary supplements apart from vitamins and minerals, continue to be the most common complementary health approach in the United States today, more and more alternative treatment options, such as chiropractic care, have started to incorporate these into their practices. As a matter of fact, a majority of chiropractors give nutritional advice, as well as recommendations for other lifestyle recommendations, as a general part of their treatment plan. Because chiropractic care is based on the notion of naturally treating the human body as a whole, enhancing it’s own healing properties without the use of drugs and/or medications as well as other invasive procedures, this healthcare profession relies on offering the necessary health maintenance components for optimal health and wellness. These components can include nutrition, water, rest, exercise, and clean air. Many chiropractors also offer curcumin supplements to help promote recovery.

 

This exceptional nutritional supplement, curcumin, helps improve mental clarity, improve cognition, improve endurance, and supplies anxiolytic benefits. Whether it’s more work fabricating, or a much better disposition, curcumin is a hidden golden gem for health.�The scope of our information is limited to chiropractic as well as to spinal injuries and conditions. To discuss the subject matter, please feel free to ask Dr. Jimenez or contact us at�915-850-0900�.

 

Curated by Dr. Alex Jimenez

 

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Additional Topics: Back Pain

Back pain is one of the most prevalent causes for disability and missed days at work worldwide. As a matter of fact, back pain has been attributed as the second most common reason for doctor office visits, outnumbered only by upper-respiratory infections. Approximately 80 percent of the population will experience some type of back pain at least once throughout their life. The spine is a complex structure made up of bones, joints, ligaments and muscles, among other soft tissues. Because of this, injuries and/or aggravated conditions, such as herniated discs, can eventually lead to symptoms of back pain. Sports injuries or automobile accident injuries are often the most frequent cause of back pain, however, sometimes the simplest of movements can have painful results. Fortunately, alternative treatment options, such as chiropractic care, can help ease back pain through the use of spinal adjustments and manual manipulations, ultimately improving pain relief.

 

 

 

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EXTRA IMPORTANT TOPIC: Low Back Pain Management

 

MORE TOPICS: EXTRA EXTRA:�Chronic Pain & Treatments

 

Neurological Advanced Studies

Neurological Advanced Studies

After a neurological exam, physical exam, patient history, x-rays and any previous screening tests, a doctor may order one or more of the following diagnostic tests to determine the root of a possible/suspected neurological disorder or injury. These diagnostics generally involve neuroradiology, which uses small amounts of radioactive material to study organ function and structure and ordiagnostic imaging, which use magnets and electrical charges to study organ function.

Neurological Studies

Neuroradiology

  • MRI
  • MRA
  • MRS
  • fMRI
  • CT scans
  • Myelograms
  • PET scans
  • Many others

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)

Shows organs or soft tissue well
  • No ionizing radiation
Variations on MRI
  • Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA)
  • Evaluate blood flow through arteries
  • Detect intracranial aneurysms and vascular malformations
Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS)
  • Assess chemical abnormalities in HIV, stroke, head injury, coma, Alzheimer’s disease, tumors, and multiple sclerosis
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)
  • Determine the specific location of the brain where activity occurs

Computed Tomography (CT or CAT Scan)

  • Uses a combination of X-rays and computer technology to produce horizontal, or axial, images
  • Shows bones especially well
  • Used when assessment of the brain needed quickly such as in suspected bleeds and fractures

Myelogram

Contrast dye combined with CT or Xray
Most useful in assessing spinal cord
  • Stenosis
  • Tumors
  • Nerve root injury

Positron Emission Tomography (PET Scan)

Radiotracer is used to evaluate the metabolism of tissue to detect biochemical changes earlier than other study types
Used to assess
  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Huntington’s disease
  • Epilepsy
  • Cerebrovascular accident

Electrodiagnostic Studies

  • Electromyography (EMG)
  • Nerve Conduction Velocity (NCV) Studies
  • Evoked Potential Studies

Electromyography (EMG)

Detection of signals arising from the depolarization of skeletal muscle
May be measured via:
  • Skin surface electrodes
  • Not used for diagnostic purposes, more for rehab and biofeedback
Needles placed directly within the muscle
  • Common for clinical/diagnostic EMG

neurological studies el paso tx.Diagnostic Needle EMG

Recorded depolarizations may be:
  • Spontaneous
  • Insertional activity
  • Result of voluntary muscle contraction
Muscles should be electrically silent at rest, except at the motor end-plate
  • Practitioner must avoid insertion in motor end-plate
At least 10 different points in the muscle are measured for proper interpretation

Procedure

Needle is inserted into the muscle
  • Insertional activity recorded
  • Electrical silence recorded
  • Voluntary muscle contraction recorded
  • Electrical silence recorded
  • Maximal contraction effort recorded

Samples Collected

Muscles
  • Innervated by the same nerve but different nerve roots
  • Innervated by the same nerve root but different nerves
  • Different locations along the course of the nerves
Helps to distinguish the level of the lesion

Motor Unit Potential (MUP)

Amplitude
  • Density of the muscle fibers attached to that one motor neuron
  • Proximity of the MUP
Recruitment pattern can also be assessed
  • Delayed recruitment can indicated loss of motor units within the muscle
  • Early recruitment is seen in myopathy, where the MUPs tend to be of low amplitude short duration

neurological studies el paso tx.Polyphasic MUPS

  • Increased amplitude and duration can be the result of reinnervation after chronic denervation

neurological studies el paso tx.Complete Potential Blocks

  • Demyelination of multiple segments in a row can result in a complete block of nerve conduction and therefore no resulting MUP reading, however generally changes in MUPs are only seen with damage to the axons, not the myelin
  • Damage to the central nervous system above the level of the motor neuron (such as by cervical spinal cord trauma or stroke) can result in complete paralysis little abnormality on needle EMG

Denervated Muscle Fibers

Detected as abnormal electrical signals
  • Increased insertional activity will be read in the first couple of weeks, as it becomes more mechanically irritable
As muscle fibers become more chemically sensitive they will begin to produce spontaneous depolarization activity
  • Fibrillation potentials

Fibrillation Potentials

  • DO NOT occur in normal muscle fibers
  • Fibrillations cannot be seen with the naked eye but are detectable on EMG
  • Often caused by nerve disease, but can be produced by severe muscle diseases if there is damage to the motor axons

neurological studies el paso tx.Positive Sharp Waves

  • DO NOT occur in normally functioning fibers
  • Spontaneous depolarization due to increased resting membrane potential

neurological studies el paso tx.Abnormal Findings

  • Findings of fibrillations and positive sharp waves are the most reliable indicator of damage to motor axons to the muscle after one week up to 12 months after the damage
  • Often termed �acute� in reports, despite possibly being visible months after onset
  • Will disappear if there is complete degeneration or denervation of nerve fibers

Nerve Conduction Velocity (NCV) Studies

Motor
  • Measures compound muscle action potentials (CMAP)
Sensory
  • Measures sensory nerve action potentials (SNAP)

Nerve Conduction Studies

  • Velocity (Speed)
  • Terminal latency
  • Amplitude
  • Tables of normal, adjusted for age, height and other factors are available for practitioners to make comparison

Terminal Latency

  • Time between stimulus and the appearance of a response
  • Distal entrapment neuropathies
  • Increased terminal latency along a specific nerve pathway

Velocity

Calculated based on latency and variables such as distance
Dependent on diameter of axon
Also dependent on thickness of myelin sheath
  • Focal neuropathies thin myelin sheaths, slowing conduction velocity
  • Conditions such as Charcot Marie Tooth Disease or Guillian Barre Syndrome damage myelin in large diameter, fast conducting fibers

Amplitude

  • Axonal health
  • Toxic neuropathies
  • CMAP and SNAP amplitude affected

Diabetic Neuropathy

Most common neuropathy
  • Distal, symmetric
  • Demyelination and axonal damage therefore speed and amplitude of conduction are both affected

Evoked Potential Studies

Somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEPs)
  • Used to test sensory nerves in the limbs
Visual evoked potentials (VEPs)
  • Used to test sensory nerves of the visual system
Brainstem auditory evoked potentials (AEPs)
  • Used to test sensory nerves of the auditory system
Potentials recorded via low-impedance surface electrodes
Recordings averaged after repeated exposure to sensory stimulus
  • Eliminates background �noise�
  • Refines results since potentials are small and difficult to detect apart from normal activity
  • According to Dr. Swenson, in the case of SSEPs, at least 256 stimuli are usually needed in order to obtain reliable, reproducible responses

Somatosensory Evoked Potentials (SSEPs)

Sensation from muscles
  • Touch and pressure receptors in the skin and deeper tissues
Little if any pain contribution
  • Limits ability to use testing for pain disorders
Velocity and/or amplitude changes can indicate pathology
  • Only large changes are significant since SSEPs are normally highly variable
Useful for intraoperative monitoring and to assess the prognosis of patients suffering severe anoxic brain injury
  • Not useful in assessing radiculopathy as individual nerve roots cannot be easily identified

Late Potentials

Occur more than 10-20 milliseconds after stimulation of motor nerves
Two types
  • H-Reflex
  • F-Response

H-Reflex

Named for Dr. Hoffman
  • First described this reflex in 1918
Electrodiagnostic manifestation of myotatic stretch reflex
  • Motor response recorded after electrical or physical stretch stimulation of the associated muscle
Only clinically useful in assessing S1 radiculopathy, as the reflex from the tibial nerve to triceps surae can be assessed for velocity and amplitude
  • More quantifiable that Achilles reflex testing
  • Fails to return with after damage and therefore not as clinically useful in recurrent radiculopathy cases

F-Response

So named because it was first recorded in the foot
Occurs 25 -55 milliseconds after initial stimulus
Due to antidromic depolarization of the motor nerve, resulting in a orthodromic electrical signal
  • Not a true reflex
  • Results in a small muscle contraction
  • Amplitude can be highly variable, so not as important as velocity
  • Reduced velocity indicates slowed conduction
Useful in assessing proximal nerve pathology
  • Radiculopathy
  • Guillian Barre Syndrome
  • Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyradiculopathy (CIDP)
Useful in assessing demyelinative peripheral neuropathies

Sources

  1. Alexander G. Reeves, A. & Swenson, R. Disorders of the Nervous System. Dartmouth, 2004.
  2. Day, Jo Ann. �Neuroradiology | Johns Hopkins Radiology.� Johns Hopkins Medicine Health Library, 13 Oct. 2016, www.hopkinsmedicine.org/radiology/specialties/ne uroradiology/index.html.
  3. Swenson, Rand. Electrodiagnosis.

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Concussions & Post-Concussion Syndrome

Concussions & Post-Concussion Syndrome

Concussions are traumatic brain injuries that affect brain function. Effects from these injuries are often temporary but can include headaches, problems with concentration, memory, balance and coordination. Concussions are usually caused by a blow to the head or violent shaking of the head and upper body. Some concussions cause loss of consciousness, but most do not. And it is possible to have a concussion and not realize it. Concussions are common in contact sports, such as football. However, most people gain a full recovery after a concussion.

Concussions

Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBI)

  • Most often the result of head trauma
  • Can also happen due to excessive shaking of the head or acceleration/deceleration
  • Mild injuries (mTBI/concussions) are the most common type of brain injury

Glasgow Coma Scale

concussions el paso tx.

Common Causes Of Concussion

  • Motor vehicle collisions
  • Falls
  • Sports injuries
  • Assault
  • Accidental or intentional discharge of weapons
  • Impact with objects

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Prevention

Prevention of concussive injuries can be paramount

Encourage Patients To Wear Helmets
  • Competitive sports, especially boxing, hokey, football and baseball
  • Horseback riding
  • Riding bicycles, motorcycles, ATVs, etc.
  • High elevation activates such as rock climbing, zip lining
  • Skiing, snowboarding
Encourage Patients To Wear Seatbelts
  • Discuss the importance of wearing seatbelts at all times in vehicles with all of your patients
  • Also encourage use of appropriate booster or car seats for children to ensure adequate fit and function of seat belts.
Driving Safely
  • Patients should never drive while under the influence of drugs, including certain medications or alcohol
  • Never text and drive
concussions el paso tx.
Make Spaces Safer For Children
  • Install baby gates and window latches in the home
  • May in areas with shock-absorbing material, such as hardwood mulch or sand
  • Supervise children carefully, especially when they�re near water
Prevent Falls
  • Clearing tripping hazards such as loose rugs, uneven flooring or walkway clutter
  • Using nonslip mats in the bathtub and on shower floors, and installing grab bars next to the toilet, tub and shower
  • Ensure appropriate footwear
  • Installing handrails on both sides of stairways
  • Improving lighting throughout the home
  • Balance training exercises

Balance Training

  • Single leg balance
  • Bosu ball training
  • Core strengthening
  • Brain balancing exercises

Concussion Verbiage

Concussion vs. mTBI (mild traumatic brain injury)

  • mTBI is the term being used more commonly in medical settings, but concussion is a more largely recognized term in the community by sports coaches, etc.
  • The two terms describe the same basic thing, mTBI is a better term to use in your charting

Evaluating Concussion

  • Remember that there does not always have to be loss of consciousness for there to be a concussion
  • Post-Concussion Syndrome can occur without LOC as well
  • Symptoms of concussion may not be immediate and could take days to develop
  • Monitor for 48 post head injury watching for red flags
  • Use Acute concussion evaluation (ACE) form to gather information
  • Order imaging (CT/MRI) as needed if concussion red flags are present

Red Flags

Requires imaging (CT/MRI)

  • Headaches worsening
  • Patient appears drowsy or can�t be awakened
  • Has difficulty recognizing people or places
  • Neck pain
  • Seizure activity
  • Repeated vomiting
  • Increasing confusion or irritability
  • Unusual behavioral change
  • Focal neurologic signs
  • Slurred speech
  • Weakness or numbness in extremities
  • Change in state of consciousness

Common Symptoms Of Concussion

  • Headache or a sensation of pressure in the head
  • Loss of or alteration of consciousness
  • Blurred eyesight or other vision problems, such as dilated or uneven pupils
  • Confusion
  • Dizziness
  • Ringing in the ears
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Slurred speech
  • Delayed response to questions
  • Memory loss
  • Fatigue
  • Trouble concentrating
  • Continued or persistent memory loss
  • Irritability and other personality changes
  • Sensitivity to light and noise
  • Sleep problems
  • Mood swings, stress, anxiety or depression
  • Disorders of taste and smell
Concussions el paso tx.

Mental/Behavioral Changes

  • Verbal outbursts
  • Physical outbursts
  • Poor judgment
  • Impulsive behavior
  • Negativity
  • Intolerance
  • Apathy
  • Egocentricity
  • Rigidity and inflexibility
  • Risky behavior
  • Lack of empathy
  • Lack of motivation or initiative
  • Depression or anxiety

Symptoms In Children

  • Concussions can present differently in children
  • Excessive crying
  • Loss of appetite
  • Loss of interest in favorite toys or activities
  • Sleep issues
  • Vomiting
  • Irritability
  • Unsteadiness while standing

Amnesia

Memory loss and failure to form new memories

Retrograde Amnesia
  • Inability to remember things that happened before the injury
  • Due to failure in recall
Anterograde Amnesia
  • Inability to remember things that happened after the injury
  • Due to failure to formulate new memories
Even short memory losses can be predictive of outcome
  • Amnesia may be up to 4-10 times more predictive of symptoms and cognitive deficits following concussion than is LOC (less than 1 minute)

Return To Play Progression

WhyMeniscalTearsOccur ElPasoChiropractor
Baseline: No Symptoms
  • As the baseline step of the Return to Play Progression, the athlete needs to have completed physical and cognitive rest and not be experiencing concussion symptoms for a minimum of 48 hours. Keep in mind, the younger the athlete, the more conservative the treatment.
Step 1: Light Aerobic Activity
  • The Goal: Only to increase an athlete�s heart rate.
  • The Time: 5 to 10 minutes.
  • The Activities: Exercise bike, walking, or light jogging.
  • Absolutely no weight lifting, jumping or hard running.
Step 2: Moderate activity
  • The Goal: Limited body and head movement.
  • The Time: Reduced from typical routine.
  • The Activities: Moderate jogging, brief running, moderate-intensity stationary biking, and moderate-intensity weightlifting
Step 3: Heavy, non-contact activity
  • The Goal: More intense but non-contact
  • The Time: Close to typical routine
  • The Activities: Running, high-intensity stationary biking, the player�s regular weightlifting routine, and non- contact sport-specific drills. This stage may add some cognitive component to practice in addition to the aerobic and movement components introduced in Steps 1 and 2.
Step 4: Practice & full contact
  • The Goal: Reintegrate in full contact practice.
Step 5: Competition
  • The Goal: Return to competition.

Microglial Priming

After head trauma microglial cells are primed and can become over active

  • To combat this, you must mediate the inflammation cascade
Prevent repeated head trauma
  • Due to priming of the foam cells, response to follow-up trauma may be far more severe and damaging

What Is Post-Concussion Syndrome (PCS)?

  • Symptoms following head trauma or mild traumatic brain injury, that can last weeks, months or years after injury
  • Symptoms persist longer than expected after initial concussion
  • More common in women and persons of advanced age who suffer head trauma
  • Severity of PCS often does not correlate to severity of head injury

PCS Symptoms

  • Headaches
  • Dizziness
  • Fatigue
  • Irritability
  • Anxiety
  • Insomnia
  • Loss of concentration and memory
  • Ringing in the ears
  • Blurry vision
  • Noise and light sensitivity
  • Rarely, decreases in taste and smell

Concussion Associated Risk Factors

  • Early symptoms of headache after injury
  • Mental changes such as amnesia or fogginess
  • Fatigue
  • Prior history of headaches

Evaluation Of PCS

PCS is a diagnosis of exclusion

  • If patient presents with symptoms after head injury, and other possible causes have been ruled out => PCS
  • Use appropriate testing and imaging studies to rule out other causes of symptoms

Headaches In PCS

Often �tension� type headache

Treat as you would for tension headache
  • Reduce stress
  • Improve stress coping skills
  • MSK treatment of the cervical and thoracic regions
  • Constitutional hydrotherapy
  • Adrenal supportive/adaptogenic herbs
Can be migraine, especially in people who had pre-existing migraine conditions prior to injury
  • Reduce inflammatory load
  • Consider management with supplements and or medications
  • Reduce light and sound exposure if there is sensitivity

Dizziness In PCS

  • After head trauma, always assess for BPPV, as this is the most common type of vertigo after trauma
  • Dix-Hallpike maneuver to diagnose
  • Epley�s maneuver for treatment

Light & Sound Sensitivity

Hypersensitivity to light and sound is common in PCS and typically exacerbates other symptoms such as headache and anxiety
Management of excess mesencephalon stimulation is crucial in such cases
  • Sunglasses
  • Other light blocking glasses
  • Earplugs
  • Cotton in ears

Treatment Of PCS

Manage each symptom individually as you otherwise would

Manage CNS inflammation
  • Curcumin
  • Boswelia
  • Fish oil/Omega-3s � (***after r/o bleed)
Cognitive behavioral therapy
  • Mindfulness & relaxation training
  • Acupuncture
  • Brain balancing physical therapy exercises
  • Refer for psychological evaluation/treatment
  • Refer to mTBI specialist

mTBI Specialists

  • mTBI is difficult to treat and is an entire specialty both in the allopathic and complementary medicine
  • Primary objective is to recognize and refer for appropriate care
  • Pursue training in mTBI or plan to refer to TBI specialists

Sources

  1. �A Head for the Future.� DVBIC, 4 Apr. 2017, dvbic.dcoe.mil/aheadforthefuture.
  2. Alexander G. Reeves, A. & Swenson, R. Disorders of the Nervous System. Dartmouth, 2004.
  3. �Heads Up to Health Care Providers.� Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 16 Feb. 2015, www.cdc.gov/headsup/providers/.
  4. �Post-Concussion Syndrome.� Mayo Clinic, Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 28 July 2017, www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/post- concussion-syndrome/symptoms-causes/syc-20353352.