Back Clinic Injury Care Chiropractic and Physical Therapy Team. There are two approaches to injury care. They are active and passive treatment. While both can help get patients on the road toward recovery, only active treatment has a long-term impact and keeps patients moving.
We focus on treating injuries sustained in auto accidents, personal injuries, work injuries, and sports injuries and provide complete interventional pain management services and therapeutic programs. Everything from bumps and bruises to torn ligaments and back pain.
Passive Injury Care
A doctor or a physical therapist usually gives passive injury care. It includes:
Applying heat/ice to sore muscles
It’s a good starting point to help reduce pain, but passive injury care isn’t the most effective treatment. While it helps an injured person feel better in the moment, the relief doesn’t last. A patient won’t fully recover from injury unless they actively work to return to their normal life.
Active Injury Care
Active treatment also provided by a physician or physical therapist relies on the injured person’s commitment to work. When patients take ownership of their health, the active injury care process becomes more meaningful and productive. A modified activity plan will help an injured person transition to full function and improve their overall physical and emotional wellness.
Spine, neck, and back
Knees, shoulders, and wrists
Soft tissue injuries (muscle strains and sprains)
What does active injury care involve?
An active treatment plan keeps the body as strong and flexible as possible through a personalized work/transitional plan, which limits long-term impact and helps injured patients work toward a faster recovery. For example, in injury Medical & Chiropractic clinic’s injury care, a clinician will work with the patient to understand the cause of injury, then create a rehabilitation plan that keeps the patient active and brings them back to proper health in no time.
For answers to any questions, you may have, please call Dr. Jimenez at 915-850-0900
For individuals having difficulty moving or functioning normally due to injury, surgery, or illness, can a chiropractic and physical therapy team help expedite recovery?
Individuals may develop scar tissue or tissue adhesions that limit normal motion after injury or surgery. A pain management team may use various treatments and modalities and may incorporate friction massage as part of a rehabilitation treatment plan. Friction massage, also known as transverse friction or cross friction massage, is a technique used to help improve scar tissue and adhesion mobility to move better and decrease the negative effects. The therapist uses their fingers to massage the scar in a direction that is at right angles to the scar line. It is a specialized technique that breaks up tissue adhesions that are limiting normal movement in the skin and underlying tissues. (Haris Begovic, et al., 2016)
Scar Tissue and Adhesions
For individuals who require surgery due to an injury or an orthopedic condition, their doctor will cut into the skin, tendons, and muscle tissue during the operation. Once sutured and healing has begun, scar tissue forms. Healthy tissue is made up of collagen that is comprised of cells that are arranged in a regular pattern. Healthy collagen is strong and can resist forces when tissues are pulled and stretched. (Paula Chaves, et al., 2017)
During the healing process after an injury, the collagen cells are laid down in a haphazard pattern and form scar tissue. The random accumulation of cells becomes tight and does not react well to tension and stretching forces. (Qing Chun, et al., 2016) The body can form scar tissue after a soft tissue injury, like a muscle or tendon strain. (Qing Chun, et al., 2016)
If a muscle or tendon gets strained the body will generate new collagen during the healing. The new collagen is laid down in a random fashion, and scar tissue or tissue adhesions can form that can limit the normal range of motion. Healthy tissue stretches and glides as the body moves. Scar tissue is rigid. At the site of the scar tissue, there can be some movement, but it is tight, less pliable, and can be painful. If scar tissue or adhesions are limiting motion, cross-friction massage can improve tissue gliding and sliding. This process is referred to as remodeling.
The objectives and goals of friction massage to adhesions or scar tissue may include:
Stimulation of nerve fibers to decrease and relieve pain.
Adhesive capsulitis in the shoulder/frozen shoulder.
Scar tissue buildup after surgery or trauma.
Friction massage is a popular technique used in physical therapy, but some research suggests it is not any more effective than other rehabilitation techniques. One study found that static stretches and exercises were more effective than massage in improving tissue length and strength in uninjured soccer players. Other studies have supported this, but individuals may find that the massage helps improve injured tissues’ movement as well. (Mohammed Ali Fakhro, et al. 2020)
The main goal of any treatment in physical therapy is to help the individual regain movement and flexibility. Friction massage, combined with targeted stretches and exercises, can help individuals expedite recovery and get back to normal.
Chiropractic Care After Accidents and Injuries
Begovic, H., Zhou, G. Q., Schuster, S., & Zheng, Y. P. (2016). The neuromotor effects of transverse friction massage. Manual therapy, 26, 70–76. doi.org/10.1016/j.math.2016.07.007
Chaves, P., Simões, D., Paço, M., Pinho, F., Duarte, J. A., & Ribeiro, F. (2017). Cyriax’s deep friction massage application parameters: Evidence from a cross-sectional study with physiotherapists. Musculoskeletal science & practice, 32, 92–97. doi.org/10.1016/j.msksp.2017.09.005
Chun, Q., ZhiYong, W., Fei, S., & XiQiao, W. (2016). Dynamic biological changes in fibroblasts during hypertrophic scar formation and regression. International wound journal, 13(2), 257–262. doi.org/10.1111/iwj.12283
Fakhro, M. A., Chahine, H., Srour, H., & Hijazi, K. (2020). Effect of deep transverse friction massage vs stretching on football players’ performance. World journal of orthopedics, 11(1), 47–56. doi.org/10.5312/wjo.v11.i1.47
When a groin strain injury happens, can knowing the symptoms help in the diagnosis, treatment, and recovery times?
Groin Strain Injury
A groin strain is an injury to an inner thigh muscle. A groin pull is a type of muscle strain affecting the adductor muscle group (the muscles help pull the legs apart). (Parisa Sedaghati, et al., 2013) The injury is caused when the muscle is stretched beyond its normal range of motion, creating superficial tears. Severe strains can tear the muscle in two. (Parisa Sedaghati, et al., 2013)
A groin muscle pull causes pain and tenderness that worsens when squeezing the legs together.
There may also be swelling or bruising in the groin or inner thigh.
A groin pull can be painful, interfering with walking, navigating stairs, and/or driving a car. In addition to pain, other symptoms around the injured area include: (Parisa Sedaghati et al., 2013)
A popping sound or snapping sensation when the injury occurs.
Increased pain when pulling the legs together.
Bruising of the groin or inner thigh.
Groin pulls are graded by severity and how much they impact mobility:
Mild discomfort but not enough to limit activities.
Moderate discomfort with swelling or bruising that limits running and/or jumping.
Severe injury with significant swelling and bruising can cause pain while walking and muscle spasms.
Signs of a severe groin strain
Groin pain while sitting or resting
Groin pain at night
A healthcare provider should see severe groin pulls because the muscle may have ruptured or be on the verge of rupturing.
In severe cases, surgery is necessary to reattach the torn ends.
Groin pulls are sometimes accompanied by a stress fracture of the pubis/forward-facing pelvic bones, which can significantly extend healing and recovery time. (Parisa Sedaghati et al., 2013)
Groin pulls are often experienced by athletes and individuals who play sports where they must stop and change directions quickly, placing excessive strain on the adductor muscles. (Parisa Sedaghati et al., 2013) The risk is increased in individuals who: (T. Sean Lynch et al., 2017)
Have weak hip abductor muscles.
Are not in adequate physical condition.
Have a previous groin or hip injury.
Pulls can also occur from falls or extreme activities without the proper conditioning.
A healthcare provider will perform a thorough investigation to confirm the diagnosis and characterize the severity. This involves: (Juan C. Suarez et al., 2013)
Medical History Review
This includes any previous injuries and specifics about where and when the symptoms started.
This involves palpating – lightly touching and pressing the groin region and manipulating the leg to understand better where and how extensive the injury is.
Ultrasound or X-rays.
If a muscle rupture or fracture is suspected, an MRI scan may be ordered to visualize soft tissue injuries and stress fractures better.
Sedaghati, P., Alizadeh, M. H., Shirzad, E., & Ardjmand, A. (2013). Review of sport-induced groin injuries. Trauma monthly, 18(3), 107–112. doi.org/10.5812/traumamon.12666
Serner, A., Weir, A., Tol, J. L., Thorborg, K., Lanzinger, S., Otten, R., & Hölmich, P. (2020). Return to Sport After Criteria-Based Rehabilitation of Acute Adductor Injuries in Male Athletes: A Prospective Cohort Study. Orthopaedic journal of sports medicine, 8(1), 2325967119897247. doi.org/10.1177/2325967119897247
Lynch, T. S., Bedi, A., & Larson, C. M. (2017). Athletic Hip Injuries. The Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, 25(4), 269–279. doi.org/10.5435/JAAOS-D-16-00171
Suarez, J. C., Ely, E. E., Mutnal, A. B., Figueroa, N. M., Klika, A. K., Patel, P. D., & Barsoum, W. K. (2013). Comprehensive approach to the evaluation of groin pain. The Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, 21(9), 558–570. doi.org/10.5435/JAAOS-21-09-558
Finger sprains and dislocations are common hand injuries that can happen during work, physical/sports activities, or in automobile collisions and accidents. Can recognizing the symptoms help in developing an effective treatment strategy?
Finger Sprains and Dislocations
Finger sprains and dislocations are common injuries of the hand that cause pain and swelling.
A sprain happens when the finger tissue that supports a joint gets stretched beyond its limits in a way that stresses the ligaments and tendons.
The ligament tissue can be partially or completely torn. If the damage is bad enough, the joint comes apart.
This is a dislocation – A dislocation happens when the joint in the finger gets shifted out of its normal position.
Both injuries can cause pain and stiffness in the finger and hand.
Finger sprains can happen any time the finger bends in an awkward or unusual way. This can happen from falling on the hand or getting hurt when engaged in physical activities like sports or household chores. Sprains can occur in any of the knuckle joints in the finger. However, most commonly, the joint in the middle of the finger gets sprained. It’s known as the proximal interphalangeal or PIP joint. (John Elfar, Tobias Mann. 2013) Symptoms of a finger sprain can include:
Thumb sprains and finger sprains in children may need to be splinted or taped for longer periods, as the ligament is not fully developed or as strong, which could lead to a tear.
A finger dislocation is a more severe injury involving the ligament, joint capsule, cartilage, and other tissues that causes misalignment of the finger. The ligaments and the joint capsule get torn when a joint is dislocated. The joint needs to be reset, which can be a simple process, or in severe cases, patients may need to be placed under anesthesia or undergo surgery to reset the joint properly.
In these cases, tendons or other tissues might be preventing the joint from getting into position.
Putting the finger back into the right position is known as”reduction.” Once reduced, the finger needs to be splinted.
As the body grows older the ability to live life to the fullest can be difficult. Can using natural biologics help enhance the body’s natural ability to heal?
Though sometimes a necessary treatment option, surgical procedures can be the first line of treatment introduced to patients. Natural biologics is a less invasive alternative that can eliminate hospitalizations and expedite recovery. (Riham Mohamed Aly, 2020)
What Are They?
The body is born with components to initiate healing and recovery. These components include:
At the time of birth, these components are in abundance but decrease as the body ages. This is why children recover from injuries quicker than adults. Recovery for adults can be slower from a decrease in these natural healing components. The objective of natural biologics treatments is to increase the healing components by reintroducing the body’s own components – autologous – or by bringing in new components – allogeneic – from a donor. (National Institutes of Health 2016) Choosing between the two options depends on an individual’s age and health, as those who are older or in poor physical health may experience complications from inferior component amounts.
Healing components derived from donor sources can show more promise, as treatments are usually acquired from discarded birth tissues at delivery.
Birth tissues are rich in healing components, containing the most abundant collection of natural healing elements.
It’s important to note that there is no harm to the mother or the baby from the obtained tissue products.
They contain a variety of bioactive molecules, including proteins, lipids, nucleic acids (like RNA), and signaling molecules.
They serve as vehicles for transferring the signaling molecules from one cell to another, allowing cells to influence the behavior and function of neighboring or distant cells.
They can be collected or isolated from various biological fluids and cell cultures through specialized techniques but are most robust when collected at birth.
The exosomes within the umbilical cord are utilized for tissue repair and regeneration, signaling the cells to promote:
Proliferation – increase in the number of cells through cell division.
Differentiation – the transformation of unspecialized cells into specialized cells.
Tissue healing in damaged or injured areas.
Exosomes from the umbilical cord are immune-privileged with minimal risk of rejection.
Treatments are ideal for increasing cell communication and initiating repair when paired with another source of allogeneic therapy like amniotic fluid or Wharton’s Jelly.
Choosing which natural biologics therapy is the best is different for everyone. When selecting a treatment, it is essential for individuals to consult their primary healthcare provider to determine which application will have optimal results.
Mazini, L., Rochette, L., Admou, B., Amal, S., & Malka, G. (2020). Hopes and Limits of Adipose-Derived Stem Cells (ADSCs) and Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs) in Wound Healing. International journal of molecular sciences, 21(4), 1306. doi.org/10.3390/ijms21041306
Klemmt P. (2012). Application of amniotic fluid stem cells in basic science and tissue regeneration. Organogenesis, 8(3), 76. doi.org/10.4161/org.23023
Sabapathy, V., Sundaram, B., V M, S., Mankuzhy, P., & Kumar, S. (2014). Human Wharton’s Jelly Mesenchymal Stem Cells plasticity augments scar-free skin wound healing with hair growth. PloS one, 9(4), e93726. doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0093726
Gao, F., Chiu, S. M., Motan, D. A., Zhang, Z., Chen, L., Ji, H. L., Tse, H. F., Fu, Q. L., & Lian, Q. (2016). Mesenchymal stem cells and immunomodulation: current status and future prospects. Cell death & disease, 7(1), e2062. doi.org/10.1038/cddis.2015.327
Harrell, C. R., Jovicic, N., Djonov, V., Arsenijevic, N., & Volarevic, V. (2019). Mesenchymal Stem Cell-Derived Exosomes and Other Extracellular Vesicles as New Remedies in the Therapy of Inflammatory Diseases. Cells, 8(12), 1605. doi.org/10.3390/cells8121605
When individuals experience a neuromusculoskeletal injury strain, can following basic pulled muscle treatment protocols help in healing and a full recovery?
Pulled Muscle Treatment
A pulled muscle or muscle strain occurs when a muscle is stretched beyond its ability resulting in discomfort symptoms and mobility issues. Microscopic tears can occur within the muscle fibers potentially worsening the injury. This type of injury usually causes mild to severe pain, bruising, and immobility, and nerve injuries can develop as well. Common muscle strains include:
Pulled abdominal muscles
Pulled muscle treatment requires patience to promote proper healing and restoration of optimal function.
Individuals need to focus on the different stages of healing.
Gradually increase activity levels as the body allows to prevent stiffness and atrophy which can cause complications.
The usual symptoms of this type of injury include:
Often individuals will feel a sudden grabbing or tearing sensation and are then unable to continue the activity.
Can limit the ability to perform certain activities.
May have moderate swelling and bruising.
Severe injury that can cause significant pain.
Basic Treatment Protocols
Most pulled muscle strain injuries heal with simple treatment. Following the right steps can ensure an expedited recovery. In the early stages after the injury, there is a balance between doing too much or not enough. The amount of activity an individual will be able to do, and the time required for recovery depends on the severity of the injury. Here are some guidelines in the right direction.
Rest is recommended for the early recovery stage.
Depending on the severity of the injury this could last from one to five days.
Immobilization is usually not necessary, and not moving at all can lead to muscle and joint stiffness.
Maintaining body and muscle warmth helps prevent injury and re-injury.
Injuries and Chiropractic: The Road To Recovery
Hospital for Special Surgery, Muscle Strain: What You Need to Know About Pulled Muscles.
Kary J. M. (2010). Diagnosis and management of quadriceps strains and contusions. Current reviews in musculoskeletal medicine, 3(1-4), 26–31. doi.org/10.1007/s12178-010-9064-5
Malanga, G. A., Yan, N., & Stark, J. (2015). Mechanisms and efficacy of heat and cold therapies for musculoskeletal injury. Postgraduate medicine, 127(1), 57–65. doi.org/10.1080/00325481.2015.992719
Mair, S. D., Seaber, A. V., Glisson, R. R., & Garrett, W. E., Jr (1996). The role of fatigue in susceptibility to acute muscle strain injury. The American journal of sports medicine, 24(2), 137–143. doi.org/10.1177/036354659602400203
Ranatunga K. W. (2018). Temperature Effects on Force and Actin⁻Myosin Interaction in Muscle: A Look Back on Some Experimental Findings. International journal of molecular sciences, 19(5), 1538. doi.org/10.3390/ijms19051538
For individuals with a broken collarbone, can conservative treatment help in the rehabilitation process?
Broken collarbones are very common orthopedic injuries that can occur in any age group. Also known as the clavicle, it is the bone over the top of the chest, between the breastbone/sternum and the shoulder blade/scapula. The clavicle can be easily seen because only skin covers a large part of the bone. Clavicle fractures are extremely common, and account for 2% – 5% of all fractures. (Radiopaedia. 2023) Broken collarbones occur in:
Babies – usually during birth.
Children and adolescents – because the clavicle does not fully develop until the late teens.
Athletes – because of the risks of being hit or falling.
Through various types of accidents and falls.
The majority of broken collarbones can be treated with nonsurgical treatments, usually, with a sling to let the bone heal and physical therapy and rehabilitation.
Sometimes, when clavicle fractures are significantly shifted out of alignment, surgical treatment may be recommended.
There are treatment options that should be discussed with an orthopedic surgeon, physical therapist, and/or a chiropractor.
A broken collarbone is not more serious than other broken bones.
Once the broken bone heals, most individuals have a full range of motion and can return to the activities before the fracture. (Johns Hopkins Medicine. 2023)
Broken clavicle injuries are separated into three types depending on the location of the fracture. (Radiopaedia. 2023)
Mid-Shaft Clavicle Fractures
These occur in the central area which can be a simple crack, separation, and/or fractured into many pieces.
Multiple breaks – segmental fractures.
Significant displacement – separation.
Shortened length of the bone.
Distal Clavicle Fractures
These happen close to the end of the collarbone at the shoulder joint.
This part of the shoulder is called the acromioclavicular/AC joint.
Distal clavicle fractures can have similar treatment options as an AC joint injury.
Medial Clavicle Fractures
These are less common and often related to injury to the sternoclavicular joint.
The sternoclavicular joint supports the shoulder and is the only joint that connects the arm to the body.
Growth plate fractures of the clavicle can be seen into the late teens and early 20s.
Edwin, J., Ahmed, S., Verma, S., Tytherleigh-Strong, G., Karuppaiah, K., & Sinha, J. (2018). Swellings of the sternoclavicular joint: review of traumatic and non-traumatic pathologies. EFORT open reviews, 3(8), 471–484. doi.org/10.1302/2058-5241.3.170078
Individuals who have suffered cervical acceleration-deceleration/CAD more commonly known as whiplash, can experience headaches, and other symptoms like neck stiffness, pain, fatigue, and shoulder/neck/back discomfort. Can non-surgical and conservative treatments help alleviate the symptoms?
Cervical Acceleration – Deceleration or CAD
Cervical acceleration-deceleration is the mechanism of a neck injury caused by a forceful back-and-forth neck motion. It happens most commonly in rear-end vehicle collisions when the head and neck whip forward and backward with intense acceleration and/or deceleration causing the neck to flex and/or extend rapidly, more than normally, straining and possibly tearing muscle tissues and nerves, ligaments, dislocation of spinal discs and herniations, and cervical bone fractures.
For symptoms that do not improve or worsen after 2 to 3 weeks, see a healthcare provider or chiropractor for further evaluation and treatment.
Whiplash injuries strain or sprain the neck muscles and/or ligaments, but can also affect the vertebrae/bones, disc cushions between the vertebrae, and/or the nerves.
Whiplash symptoms can present right away, or after several hours to a few days after the incident, and tend to worsen in the days after the injury. Symptoms can last a few weeks to a few months, and can severely limit activity and range of motion. Symptoms can include: (National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. 2023)
Pain that extends into the shoulders and back.
Limited neck motion
Numbness and tingling sensations – paresthesias or pins and needles in the fingers, hands, or arms.
Headaches – A whiplash headache usually starts at the base of the skull and can vary in intensity. Most individuals experience pain on one side of the head and toward the back, though some can experience symptoms all over their head, and a small number experience headaches on the forehead or behind the eyes. (Monica Drottning. 2003)
The headaches can become aggravated by moving the neck around, especially when looking up.
Headaches are often associated with shoulder pain along with sensitive neck and shoulder muscles that when touched can increase pain levels.
Whiplash headaches can lead to chronic neck-related headaches known as cervicogenic headaches. (Phil Page. 2011)
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatories – NSAIDs – Ibuprofen or Naproxen.
If symptoms do not improve, a healthcare provider may recommend physical therapy and/or stronger pain medications. For whiplash headaches that last for several months, acupuncture, or spinal injections may be recommended.
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. Whiplash Information Page.
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