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Injury Care

Back Clinic Injury Care Chiropractic and Physical Therapy Team. There are two approaches to injury care. They are active and passive treatment. While both can help get patients on the road toward recovery, only active treatment has a long-term impact and keeps patients moving.

We focus on treating injuries sustained in auto accidents, personal injuries, work injuries, and sports injuries and provide complete interventional pain management services and therapeutic programs. Everything from bumps and bruises to torn ligaments and back pain.

Passive Injury Care

A doctor or a physical therapist usually gives passive injury care. It includes:

  • Acupuncture
  • Applying heat/ice to sore muscles
  • Pain medication

It’s a good starting point to help reduce pain, but passive injury care isn’t the most effective treatment. While it helps an injured person feel better in the moment, the relief doesn’t last. A patient won’t fully recover from injury unless they actively work to return to their normal life.

Active Injury Care

Active treatment also provided by a physician or physical therapist relies on the injured person’s commitment to work. When patients take ownership of their health, the active injury care process becomes more meaningful and productive. A modified activity plan will help an injured person transition to full function and improve their overall physical and emotional wellness.

  • Spine, neck, and back
  • Headaches
  • Knees, shoulders, and wrists
  • Torn ligaments
  • Soft tissue injuries (muscle strains and sprains)

What does active injury care involve?

An active treatment plan keeps the body as strong and flexible as possible through a personalized work/transitional plan, which limits long-term impact and helps injured patients work toward a faster recovery. For example, in injury Medical & Chiropractic clinic’s injury care, a clinician will work with the patient to understand the cause of injury, then create a rehabilitation plan that keeps the patient active and brings them back to proper health in no time.

For answers to any questions, you may have, please call Dr. Jimenez at 915-850-0900


The Effects of Low Laser Therapy on Repairing The Calcaneal Tendon | El Paso, TX

The Effects of Low Laser Therapy on Repairing The Calcaneal Tendon | El Paso, TX

The body is a well-working machine that can endure anything that is thrown in its way. However, when it gets an injury, the body’s natural healing process will ensure that the body can get back to its daily activities. The healing process of an injured muscle varies throughout the body. Depending on how severe the damage is and how long the healing process will take, the body can recover to a mere few days to a few months. One of the most gruelly healing processes that the body has to endure is a ruptured calcaneal tendon.

The Calcaneal Tendon

The calcaneal tendon or the Achilles tendon is a thick tendon that is located in the back of the leg. This muscle-tendon is what makes the body move while walking, running, or even jumping. Not only that, the calcaneal tendon is the strongest tendon in the body, and it connects the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles at the heel bone. When the calcaneal tendon is ruptured, the healing process can last from weeks to months until it is fully healed. 

 

 

The Healing Effects of Low Laser Therapy

One of the ways that can help the damaged calcaneal tendons’ healing process is low laser therapy. Studies have shown that low laser therapy can speed up the damaged tendon repair after a partial lesion. Not only that but the combination of ultrasound and low laser therapy has been studied to be the physical agents for treating tendon injuries. The studies showed that the combination of low laser therapy and ultrasound has beneficial properties during the recovery process of treating calcaneal tendon injuries.

 

 

The study found that when patients are being treated for their calcaneal tendons, their hydroxyproline levels around the treated area are significantly increased with ultrasound and low laser therapy. The body’s natural biochemical and biomechanical structures on the injured tendon increase, thus affecting the healing process. Another study has shown that low laser therapy can help reduce fibrosis and prevent oxidative stress in the traumatized calcaneal tendon. The study even showed that after the calcaneal tendon is traumatized, inflammation, angiogenesis, vasodilation, and the extracellular matrix are formed in the affected area. So when patients are being treated with low laser therapy for about fourteen to twenty-one days, their histological abnormalities are alleviated, reducing collagen concentration and fibrosis; preventing oxidative stress from increasing in the body.

 

Conclusion

Overall, it is said that the effects of low laser therapy can help speed up the healing process of repairing the calcaneal tendon. The promising results have been proven since low laser therapy can help repair the damaged tendon, reducing oxidative stress and preventing fibrosis from escalating, causing more problems on the injured tendon. And with the combination of ultrasound, the calcaneal tendon can recover faster so the body can continue its everyday activities without any prolonged injuries.

 

References:

Demir, Huseyin, et al. “Comparison of the Effects of Laser, Ultrasound, and Combined Laser + Ultrasound Treatments in Experimental Tendon Healing.” Lasers in Surgery and Medicine, U.S. National Library of Medicine, 2004, https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/15278933/.

Fillipin, Lidiane Isabel, et al. “Low-Level Laser Therapy (LLLT) Prevents Oxidative Stress and Reduces Fibrosis in Rat Traumatized Achilles Tendon.” Lasers in Surgery and Medicine, U.S. National Library of Medicine, Oct. 2005, https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/16196040/.

Oliveira, Fla’via Schlittler, et al. Effect of Low Level Laser Therapy (830 Nm … – Medical Laser. 2009, http://medical.summuslaser.com/data/files/86/1585171501_uLg8u2FrJP7ZHcA.pdf.

Wood, Viviane T, et al. “Collagen Changes and Realignment Induced by Low-Level Laser Therapy and Low-Intensity Ultrasound in the Calcaneal Tendon.” Lasers in Surgery and Medicine, U.S. National Library of Medicine, 2010, https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20662033/.

Reading The Body’s Warning Signs

Reading The Body’s Warning Signs

Individuals don’t like to read the warning signs of their spinal health, saying to themselves the pain will go away. Individuals will feel their back seize up or sting for a moment and then goes back to normal. The body is doing its job to warn you that something is not right. This is where choices come into play:

  • Ignore the warning because the tingling or pain went away.
  • Pay attention to the warning before more damage is done.

This is where waiting, hoping that it will resolve on its own, is not recommended. This is because something did happen but did not fully present, like a loose part that is still functioning. However, time, movement, or action, can throw the body off balance and create all kinds of health issues.

Reading The Body's Warning Signs

Paying attention to the Warning Signs

The body is always adapting to the internal and external environments. For example, external adaptation is sweating during a hot summer day. The body adapts to the heat by sweating to cool down and bring down the temperature. An example of internal adaptation is the spine has been slowly shifting out of alignment. The muscles that support the spine have been adapting to this shifting. However, it is not the ideal adaptation situation as some muscles over/under stretch while others under/over-contract to compensate, causing pain. The body gets stressed out physically, with possible damage occurring. This is where an individual knows something is not right and needs to listen to their body.

The Impact

A spine that is misaligned/subluxated does not move properly or function correctly. Improper movement damages the spinal:

  • Bones
  • Discs
  • Cord
  • Nerves

The spinal cord and nerves transmit and receive all the vital information the body needs to function. These include:

  • Heart function
  • Intestinal function
  • Lung function

A misaligned spine can hurt or cause symptoms for a split second. The effects of an untreated misaligned spine can affect an individual for life. If you have experienced any of these or other warning signs, contact a chiropractor. Injury Medical Chiropractic and Functional Medicine Clinic will help assess your symptoms and develop a personalized treatment plan.


Body Composition


Work On Goals One at A Time

To reach goals faster, it’s best to target one goal at a time. How to decide which goal to begin with:

Fat Loss First

This goal is best for individuals whose body compositions have a high body fat percentage and high overall weight.

Lean Body Mass First

Individuals may want to begin by increasing Lean Body Mass if they are skinny fat. Skinny fat means the individual is not overweight but has low amounts of  Lean Body Mass and high amounts of Fat Mass.

Resistance training to build muscle will likely bring down Fat Mass as well. Increasing Lean Body Mass will increase the calorie needed by the body to maintain itself. This increased calorie need can lead to the body acquiring energy by burning extra fat. The calories burned in resistance training also speed up fat loss. Everyone is different in how the body responds to programs targeting fat and those designed to build muscle. Consult with our health coach, nutritionist, and fitness chiropractic team with any questions you may have.

References

Bruehl, Stephen. “Complex regional pain syndrome.” BMJ (Clinical research ed.) vol. 351 h2730. 29 Jul. 2015, doi:10.1136/bmj.h2730

Flynn, Diane M. “Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain: Nonpharmacologic, Noninvasive Treatments.” American family physician vol. 102,8 (2020): 465-477.

Sanzarello, Ilaria et al. “Central sensitization in chronic low back pain: A narrative review.” Journal of back and musculoskeletal rehabilitation vol. 29,4 (2016): 625-633. doi:10.3233/BMR-160685

Straining, Spasming, Injuring The Lat Muscles

Straining, Spasming, Injuring The Lat Muscles

The latissimus dorsi or lats are the large flat muscles on each side covering the width of the middle and lower back. They connect the bone of the upper arm to the spine and the hip. When pain presents in these muscles, it is typically caused by:

  • Repetitive overuse in a job or doing a task/chore that requires constant
  • Bending
  • Pulling
  • Pushing
  • Reaching
  • Twisting
  • Kneeling
  • A result of poor technique in sports or similar physical activities.

Chiropractic treatment, along with exercises, can help prevent and relieve this pain.

Straining, Spasming, Injuring The Lat Muscles

Symptoms of lat pain

The objective is to diagnose whether the pain is located in the latissimus dorsi or other muscles in the shoulders or back. If the latissimus dorsi is injured, an individual might feel pain in several areas, these include:

  • Lower, middle, and upper back
  • Back of the shoulders
  • The base of the shoulder blade
  • Lower arms
  • Inside of the arms, extending down to the fingers

In certain cases, the pain will present without warning and can be felt in the surrounding muscles. This type of pain often gets worse when the individual:

  • Extends their hands forward and out in front
  • Raises their hands above their head
  • Tosses or throws an object

Damage or injury to the latissimus dorsi

Tissue damage or injury can cause other symptoms to present. These include:

  • Tingling in the lower arms
  • Breathing causes aching and/or pain
  • Tendonitis in the middle and/or lower back

If the source of the back pain cannot be identified, or if it is accompanied by:

  • Fever
  • Breathing problems
  • Abdominal pain
  • Consult a doctor as these could be symptoms of a more serious condition.

Uses and Causes

The lat muscles are used in everyday activities. These include:

  • Picking up objects like grocery bags
  • Opening heavy doors
  • Chest expansion for breathing
  • Pushing against the armrests of a chair to stand up
  • Using handrails to climb stairs

For sports or working out, the lats are used in:

  • Weightlifting exercises using the upper body
  • Bench-presses
  • Rowing
  • Swimming
  • Throwing

Common causes of pain include:

  • Overusing the muscles
  • Using poor techniques
  • Exercising without warming up

Risk of injury

Individuals that are at risk of developing this injury include those that:

  • Are continually reaching overhead
  • Regularly chop wood
  • Perform regular shoveling
  • Move furniture or other heavy objects
  • Regularly practice poor posture

Tearing the latissimus dorsi is possible, especially for athletes. Some athletes with increased risk include:

  • Golfers
  • Baseball pitchers
  • Gymnasts
  • Swimmers
  • Tennis players

Exercises that can help bring relief

Certain exercises can alleviate the aches, pain, and strengthen the lat muscles to prevent and/or worsen the injury. It is recommended to consult a doctor, sports chiropractor, or personal trainer before beginning a therapeutic exercise regimen. This is to ensure that the exercises are right for the individual and their condition and that they use the correct form. Here are two exercises that can help reduce the pain. The doctor, chiropractor, or trainer will recommend the frequency the individual should perform the exercises.

Back bow

This pose is known as the superman pose. To perform:

  • Lay facedown on the floor
  • Extend the legs so they are straight
  • Stretch arms away from the body, so they are in front of the head
  • Use the back to raise the shoulders
  • Extend the arms and legs upward
  • Hold the position for 10 seconds

Pelvic raise/lift

To perform this exercise:

  • Lay flat on your back with the arms at the sides
  • Bend the knees like for a sit-up with the heels close to the buttocks
  • Keeping the hands and feet in place
  • Lift the pelvis upward
  • Slowly lower back to the floor

Prevention

Individuals can prevent lat pain with lifestyle adjustments. These include:

  • Using proper technique and posture during work, sports, and exercise
  • Staying aware to not overuse the muscles
  • Staying hydrated
  • Warming up and cooling down thoroughly before and after a workout, sports, physical activities
  • Regular stretching
  • Applying ice and heat before and after work, sports, and physical activities
  • Chiropractic care
  • Physical therapy massage

Body Composition


Nutrition and Recovery Advantage

Two important steps to achieve optimal health include:

Nutrition

Having a proper protein intake is important for muscle adaptability or the way muscles adapt to stress during exercise and/or strength training. This is also important to stimulate muscle protein synthesis after exercising and/or strength training. To ensure the body is getting the strength and hypertrophy improvement from exercise and strength training, it is recommended to eat around 25g of high-quality protein after workout sessions.

Recovery

For those doing aerobic and strength training, maximize recovery time between workout sessions. This is because strength and aerobic fitness health gains are low when the two only have a separation of 6 hours or less. Twenty-four hours between sessions is recommended especially if the priority is endurance performance.

References

Anderson, S. E., Hertel, R., Johnston, J. O., Stauffer, E., Leinweber, E., & Steinbach, L. S. (2005, November). Latissimus dorsi tendinosis and tear: imaging features of a pseudotumor of the upper limb in five patients. American Journal of Roentgenology, 185(5), 1145–1151
https://www.ajronline.org/doi/abs/10.2214/AJR.04.1247

Donohue, Benjamin F et al. “Sports Injuries to the Latissimus Dorsi and Teres Major.” The American journal of sports medicine vol. 45,10 (2017): 2428-2435. doi:10.1177/0363546516676062http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0363546516676062?journalCode=ajsb

Henseler, J. F., Nagels, J., Nelissen, R. G. H. H., & de Groot, J. H. (2014, April). Does the latissimus dorsi tendon transfer for massive rotator cuff tears remain active postoperatively and restore active external rotation? Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery, 23(4), 553–560
http://www.jshoulderelbow.org/article/S1058-2746(13)00399-6/fulltext%20

George, Michael S, and Michael Khazzam. “Latissimus Dorsi Tendon Rupture.” The Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons vol. 27,4 (2019): 113-118. doi:10.5435/JAAOS-D-17-00581

Lehman, Gregory J et al. “Variations in muscle activation levels during traditional latissimus dorsi weight training exercises: An experimental study.” Dynamic medicine: DM vol. 3,1 4. 30 Jun. 2004, doi:10.1186/1476-5918-3-4

Chiropractic Wrist and Hand Adjustments

Chiropractic Wrist and Hand Adjustments

The hands are used for all kinds of tasks/chores day and night. Using the hands requires the wrists. When wrist pain presents, it can make life unbearable, causing individuals to make all kinds of awkward and unhealthy habits that can worsen and cause further injury. Chiropractic wrist and hand adjustments are recommended for this type of injury. A majority of wrist injuries are the result of micro-stress/repetitive tearing use. Repetitive stress injuries often require a multifaceted treatment approach. This is why chiropractic is so effective, in that it treats the symptoms and the causes to get back to work, school, and normal life quickly.

Chiropractic Wrist and Hand Adjustments

Wrist Tendonitis

Wrist tendonitis happens when a tendon becomes inflamed. This is common among athletes, store workers, clerks, warehouse workers, hair stylists/barbers, etc. Individuals that are constantly using their hands, wrists, and arms have an increased risk of developing tendonitis. And without proper treatment and rest, the inflammation continues and worsens. Chiropractic wrist adjustments for wrist tendonitis include:

  • Diagnosis and assessment.
  • Swelling and pain are alleviated using ice, bracing, ultrasound, laser therapy, and other inflammation-reducing techniques.
  • Once the inflammation has been brought down, massage therapy is incorporated to keep the tendons loose and relaxed.
  • Physical therapy and manual manipulation will restore mobility and flexibility to the wrist.
  • When the pain is completely reduced and mobility is restored, chiropractic wrist adjustments will break down the scar tissue to prevent future injury.
  • The chiropractor will recommend ergonomic tips and exercises to prevent flare-ups.

Wrist Crepitus

Another common issue that can be painful is crepitus, which is a popping, clicking, and/or cracking in the wrist when moving the hand. Different causes depend on the type the popping/clicking/cracking. If it occurs without pain, more than likely, it is the gases escaping from the wrist joint. This is normal and is not something to worry about. However, a chiropractor can help if it becomes burdensome. Another cause is when a tendon extends or contracts over the bone with certain types of movements. This type of popping often results in pain and should be addressed by a professional to prevent further damage. Both issues are commonly treated with wrist adjustments.

Dislocated Wrist

A dislocated wrist needs immediate medical care from the emergency room. The wrist needs to be reset and given time to recover/heal before a chiropractor can work on it to repair any issues that the dislocation caused. There are benefits from chiropractic after a serious wrist injury that includes:

  • Pain relief
  • Function restored
  • Mobility restoration
  • Proper wrist alignment
  • Scar tissue removal
  • Strength training
  • Aching, popping, and cracking relief

Chiropractic Wrist Adjustment

Wrist adjustments depend on the injury/condition that the individual is going through. A chiropractor uses different approaches and techniques that return the joints to the proper alignment. Wrist adjustments are usually done by hand and are gentle. This is because the bones and tendons do not need major force to correct. Chiropractors focus on the wrist the same way they focus on the whole body.

  • They relieve pain and swelling first.
  • They determine what caused the injury.
  • Then focus on strengthening the joint.
  • Develop a prevention regimen to keep it from recurring.

Body Composition


Complete Body Measurement

Getting body composition tested will help progress to optimal health by the results, not the weight scale. Determining progress with metrics like this and lean body mass equips individuals with the knowledge needed to get the results faster and smarter. The quickest and easiest way to determine body composition is to use the InBody. This means focusing on body fat percentage instead of weight. The devices being used today are extremely accurate at giving reliable body fat percentage results. Get a complete readout of your body that includes:

  • Muscle mass
  • Fat mass
  • Body water
  • Body fat percentage

Getting as much information as possible using optimal tests will help with goal planning and achieving optimal health.

References

Hulbert, James R et al. “Chiropractic treatment of hand and wrist pain in older people: systematic protocol development Part 2: cohort natural-history treatment trial.” Journal of chiropractic medicine vol. 6,1 (2007): 32-41. doi:10.1016/j.jcme.2007.02.011

Prasad, Ganesh, and Mustafa J Bhalli. “Assessing wrist pain: a simple guide.” British journal of hospital medicine (London, England: 2005) vol. 81,5 (2020): 1-7. doi:10.12968/hmed.2019.0051

Sadowski, M, and D Della Santa. “Les syndromes douloureux du poignet” [Wrist pain]. Revue medicale suisse vol. 2,92 (2006): 2919-23.

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0161475408002947

I Threw Out My Back, What That Means

I Threw Out My Back, What That Means

I threw my back out. Most of us have heard and possibly experienced throwing our backs out. But, what does throwing out your back really mean? Find out from our experts. When talking about throwing one’s back out, it’s usually a result of twisting, turning, coughing, sneezing, or lifting incorrectly. The medical equivalent to this injury is an ankle sprain. It can be excruciating, individuals might not see or feel a tear, but the ligaments have been injured, causing inflammation and pain. The same thing can happen to the spine.

I Threw Out My Back, What That Means

What it means when you throw out your back.

Most experience acute pain in the lower region of their backs. Individuals can throw out their back at any age doing all kinds of activities. These can range from:

  • Changing a tire
  • Moving lifting boxes, going upstairs, etc
  • House chores/tasks
  • Gardening
  • Sports
  • Working out
  • Bending over to pick up an object

It is more common as individuals age. This is when individuals notice how they could take a serious injury and walk away when they were young. However, with age, something like a cough or sneeze could cause the back to become sprained. When the ankle is sprained, it is immobilized to allow it to rest and heal.

However, it is not as easy to immobilize the spine as large muscles in the back around the spine. Any time tissue is injured, the muscles automatically spasm to act as a splint. These spasms usually tend to be the worst part when back pain presents. This is because the back muscles are large; they cause intense inflammation and pain when they spasm. Combined with this, the back can feel like it is stuck, significantly decreasing the range of motion. This type of injury can take a couple of days to reduce and up to two to six weeks to return to normal function.

This is what is really happening

The majority of the time, what has happened is there is a small ligament strain or an annular tear, which is a tear in the ligament that connects the vertebra to the disc. When standing upright and lifting properly, the disc/s work like hydraulics.

When individuals bend over not using their legs, the back part of the spine widens/opens up, and instead of a hydraulic effect, it becomes a cantilever structure. Bending and twisting compound the pressure across the disc. Prevention is key and by using the legs and keeping the back straight, let the hydraulic system do its natural job.

Misconceptions

Chiropractors specialize in difficult to treat musculoskeletal pain conditions. The term threw out one’s back is similar to the knee, arm, shoulder being blown out. The terminology can create fear associated with the idea of throwing something out of place, especially when it comes to the spine. When individuals come in with back pain, they can become fearful of what will be found. These include:

  • What has happened to my spine?
  • Is it going to get better?
  • Is this going to be a life-long injury?
  • Will I be able to walk normally?

Through research, doctors now know that fear is an inflammatory response. Therefore, when individuals become fearful, their immune system kicks in, causing the pain to worsen.

Treatment

A few things have been proven to work well, along with seeing a doctor, spine specialist, or chiropractor.

Ice and heat

It depends on individual preference. Ice reduces inflammation and pain, and the heat helps to get the blood flowing in and around the area to help heal the injury.

Abdominal support

An abdominal corset is a stretchy band that is worn around the lower mid-section. The abdominal muscles supply support for the lower body. The corset can help take some of the weight off of the spine to help ease discomfort and pain.

Anti-inflammatories

Advil or a prescription Ibuprophen from a physician is better than narcotics. However, if narcotic medications are necessary, they should be short-term, a few days to a week. In addition, individuals need to show caution as they can cause constipation, making back pain even worse.

Chiropractic and Physical Therapy

Seeing a chiropractor and physical therapist can help heal the injury faster. They will strengthen the spinal muscles and educate the individual on stretches, exercise, posture, anti-inflammatory diet for optimal spinal health. Individuals usually take two to six weeks to heal completely. However, individuals should still be able to do most physical activities once the spine injury heals. Maintaining the back muscles can be achieved with regular exercise, lifting correctly with the legs, and not over-twisting and over-reaching are important elements to prevent back injuries.


Body Composition Analysis


Summer Heat and The Body

How the body reacts to extreme heat. It is a process known as thermoregulation, where the body strives to maintain a temperature between 97.7 to 99.5 degrees Fahrenheit. The hypothalamus, a gland in the brain, is in charge of managing the core temperature. If outside weather is extreme, causing a change in the body’s core temperature, the hypothalamus triggers a specific process to heat or cool the body back to the normal range. When the hypothalamus registers that the body’s core temperature is rising because it’s sweltering outside, it kicks in.

To remove the extra heat, the hypothalamus increases circulation, moving the blood toward the surface, dilating blood vessels so that the heat can dissipate through the skin. When this happens, the veins can protrude, and the skin flushes. Along with increased circulation, the hypothalamus also activates the sweat glands. The evaporation of the water released onto the skin cools the body down, reducing temperature. Finally, the thyroid is activated to lower heat created through the metabolic processes.

References

Disc tears: Stat Pearls. (11/17/2020).” Annular Disc Tear.” ”https://www.statpearls.com/ArticleLibrary/viewarticle/17615

Fear and Pain: Journal of Pain Research. (2018). “Assessments of Pain-Related Fear in Individual with Chronic Pain Conditions.” https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6280906/

Mittinty, Manasi M et al. “Assessment of pain-related fear in individuals with chronic painful conditions.” Journal of pain research vol. 11 3071-3077. 30 Nov. 2018, doi:10.2147/JPR.S163751

Lower Back Muscle Knots Can Be Broken Down With Chiropractic

Lower Back Muscle Knots Can Be Broken Down With Chiropractic

Muscle knots are common and can occur anywhere on the body. They can cause aching and pain in the muscles and joints. When examining a muscle knot also known as myofascial trigger points, it can feel swollen, tense, or like a bump. A particular area where these knots present is in the low back. This happens from excessive wear-and-tear on the lower spine from work, school, daily tasks, and chores. This causes the muscle fibers to tear, and with restricted or no time to rest the area and let it heal properly leads to the fibers bunching/clumping together forming a painful knot.11860 Vista Del Sol, Ste. 128 Lower Back Muscle Knots Can Be Broken Down With Chiropractic

Muscle Knots In The Lower Back

A muscle knot in the lower back causes aching, soreness, and full-on pain. They tighten and contract even when the muscle is resting. The affected area often becomes inflamed or swollen causing pain and aches to radiate/spread to the gluteal muscles, as well.

Development

These knots develop when the tissue fibers pull apart and bunch up together. They start to stick together and with time the area becomes thicker. This results in the muscle knot. They can be caused by:

  • Stress
  • Tension
  • Poor posture
  • Muscle overuse
  • Muscle strain
  • Sedentary habits

Body dehydration and an unhealthy diet can also contribute to muscle knots. They look like a small bump under the skin. The bump can be red and is usually tender/sore when touched. However, not all muscle knots are visible, but when touched there is soreness and/or pain.

Do They Go Away?

They can go away on their own, but this comes from proper rest and recovery time. However, muscle knots should not be ignored, as even the smallest knot can compress surrounding nerves and muscle tissues. This can cause irritation and weakness. Larger muscle knots could cause movement/mobility issues.

Therapies

Stretching

Stretching will help stretch out and release tight muscle knots. Stretching loosens the muscle fibers and prevents them from becoming attached. Stretches to release a muscle knot include:

Start with these simple stretches/exercises and slowly work up to more vigorous ones.

Chiropractic Care

Chiropractic care can break down muscle knots through various adjustments. They are experts on the musculoskeletal system and understand where the problem is occurring along with the connected muscles.

  • A chiropractor will palpate the spot where the most pain presents and the surrounding area.
  • They will begin with a soft massage. This warms up the area getting the blood circulating. The blood circulation helps prevent pain making the adjustment/s far more effective.
  • Then pressing on nearby joints that the muscle knot is connected to breaks up the tight fibers.
  • Then the section/area is stretched out. This extends the fibers and prevents them from winding back into a knot.
  • They will recommend stretches and exercises

Therapeutic Massage

A massage helps to release tension and encourages muscle knots to loosen up and break down. A massage therapist will perform a deep tissue massage or a Swedish massage. Massage helps to release endorphins, which are the body’s natural painkiller. These calm the body and reduce pain. They will also recommend simple massages at home. These can include:

  • Rolling a massage ball/roller on the muscle knot
  • Self-massage using the fingers in circular motions on the affected area

Heat and Ice

Hot and cold therapy can calm and prevent inflammation. Heating pads are best if the area has stiffness or is painful. The heat relaxes tight muscles and increases blood flow. Cold therapy stops the swelling. If the muscle knot gets bigger or begins turning red, icing the area is recommended. Alternating between the two can eliminate symptoms and assist with quicker healing.


Body Composition


Building Functional Strength

There are exercises to improve functional strength. Functional training targets specific areas:

These types of exercises should be incorporated into a workout routine. One exercise is:

Pushup to Arm and Hip Raise

The muscles worked include:

  • Pectoralis major/minor
  • Rectus abdominus
  • Obliques
  • Deep abdominals
  • Hip abductors and rotators
  • Scapula stabilizers

To do the exercise

  • Start with doing a normal pushup.
  • When the top of the movement is reached
  • Lift one arm up, turn the shoulder, and reach up
  • Then lift the outside leg up as high as possible and hold for 10 seconds
  • Repeat on the other side
  • Do 6-10 repetitions on each side

This exercise builds shoulder, arm, and hip strength. It engages the core and abdominal muscles and improves flexibility in the shoulders, back, and hips.

Disclaimer

The information herein is not intended to replace a one-on-one relationship with a qualified health care professional, licensed physician, and is not medical advice. We encourage you to make your own health care decisions based on your research and partnership with a qualified health care professional. Our information scope is limited to chiropractic, musculoskeletal, physical medicines, wellness, sensitive health issues, functional medicine articles, topics, and discussions. We provide and present clinical collaboration with specialists from a wide array of disciplines. Each specialist is governed by their professional scope of practice and their jurisdiction of licensure. We use functional health & wellness protocols to treat and support care for the musculoskeletal system’s injuries or disorders. Our videos, posts, topics, subjects, and insights cover clinical matters, issues, and topics that relate to and support, directly or indirectly, our clinical scope of practice.* Our office has made a reasonable attempt to provide supportive citations and has identified the relevant research study or studies supporting our posts. We provide copies of supporting research studies available to regulatory boards and the public upon request. We understand that we cover matters that require an additional explanation of how it may assist in a particular care plan or treatment protocol; therefore, to further discuss the subject matter above, please feel free to ask Dr. Alex Jimenez or contact us at 915-850-0900.

Dr. Alex Jimenez DC, MSACP, CCST, IFMCP*, CIFM*, CTG*
email: coach@elpasofunctionalmedicine.com
phone: 915-850-0900
Licensed in Texas & New Mexico

References

Cramer, Holger et al. “Postural awareness and its relation to pain: validation of an innovative instrument measuring awareness of body posture in patients with chronic pain.” BMC musculoskeletal disorders vol. 19,1 109. 6 Apr. 2018, doi:10.1186/s12891-018-2031-9

Malanga, Gerard A et al. “Mechanisms and efficacy of heat and cold therapies for musculoskeletal injury.” Postgraduate medicine vol. 127,1 (2015): 57-65. doi:10.1080/00325481.2015.992719

Problems/Issues With The Feet Can Affect The Entire Body

Problems/Issues With The Feet Can Affect The Entire Body

The feet are the foundation of the body. The feet carry the body’s entire weight allowing for movement with ease. The feet are a complex structure that consists of:
  • Bones
  • Joints
  • Muscles
  • Ligaments
  • Tendons
  • Nerve endings
11860 Vista Del Sol, Ste. 128 Problems/Issues With The Feet Can Affect The Entire Body
 
Because of this, the feet are a high-impact area taking the everyday forces that come from:
  • Balancing
  • Walking
  • Running
  • Stopping
  • Twisting
  • Shifting positions
  • Tiptoe reaching

Common Symptoms

Symptoms commonly caused by foot issues include:
  • Soreness
  • Stiffness
  • Leg pain
  • Muscle Weakness
  • Poor balance
Flat feet, fallen arches, injuries, bone spurs, and other issues can cause problems with the rest of the body. The most common are:

Back Problems

When foot issues are present it’s common to change walking postures to avoid pain and discomfort. Individuals often do not realize they are doing it until the awkward postures begin to present with pain and discomfort. Overcompensation combined with unhealthy walking patterns can cause back pain. This is because the spine is becoming misaligned. Balance of the body is crucial. When something shifts the proper balance, the whole spine can shift out of alignment. This is especially true for individuals with flat feet. Flat feet can cause the ankle/s to lose alignment. This leads to problems up the body, from the knees to the hips to the spine and neck.  

Joint Pain

Imbalances cause the feet and spine to not absorb shocks from everyday activity properly. This means the rest of the body, especially the joints, have an added job of absorbing the shock/impact. As time goes on the stress and shock can lead to severe ankle, knee, hip discomfort/pain, and malfunctions.  

Posture Imbalance

These misalignments cause imbalance and posture problems. When the feet have lost the proper anchoring and alignment, overall posture and balance become affected. This increases the risk for dangerous slip and fall accidents that can exacerbate or cause new injuries. Posture problems are usually the result of the body trying to redistribute weight to reduce the pain and because it works then becomes a bad habit.  
11860 Vista Del Sol, Ste. 128 Problems/Issues With The Feet Can Affect The Entire Body
 

Referred and Radiating Pain

The muscles, tendons, and ligaments of the feet connect to the rest of the body. Any pain/issues like calf pain or weakness in the feet can begin to present in the lower leg since that is where the soft tissue is most closely connected.  
 

Foot Problems/Issues

The most common foot problems podiatrists see that lead to the aforementioned ailments.  

Flat Feet

Flat feet also known as fallen arches. This is a condition where the feet lack or have lost the arch when standing. This can be quite uncomfortable and creates weight distribution problems. It can be a genetic condition but is also be the result of wearing shoes without arch support for a prolonged time.  

Corns and Bunions

Corns are round circles of thick skin on the toes, or on the soles of the feet. The body forms them naturally to prevent blisters, but they could be the result of poorly fitting shoes. Typically they are not painful when they form, but can become irritated over time. Bunions are bumps on the side of the big toe that can cause a bending inward toward the other toes, creating a painful angle. This can cause severe irritation and inflammation in the bump and toes. These can be genetic or caused by structural problems. But they can be caused by tight-fitting shoes or excess pressure on the feet for prolonged periods.  

Hammertoe

Hammertoe, also known as mallet toe, is a condition that makes one or more of the toes pointing down rather than straight. Walking can cause pain, and movement of the toe can reduce or stop completely. This is caused by arthritis or an injury, it can be genetic, or the result of poor footwear.  

Plantar Fasciitis

This condition causes pain that goes from the bottom of the heel to the middle of the foot. It is caused by inflammation of the plantar fascia ligament also located in this area. There is a wide range of pain levels that can range from dull to stabbing. It is often caused by poor footwear with no arch support that has been worn for long periods when walking, standing, and running. Weight gain is another cause, as the added weight could be too much for the foot to manage, causing strain.  

Shoes

Individuals that wear high heels, shoes that are the wrong size, or other uncomfortable footwear consistently will more likely develop the aforementioned issues. Shoes with proper support are essential to optimal foot and body health because they evenly distribute the weight of the body lessening the impact from everyday activities.  

Foot Orthotics

Another recommended option for alleviating foot issues is custom foot orthotic inserts. These can be fit into any shoe, and are customized to an individual’s feet. They’re affordable, and allow individuals to wear their shoes without pain.  

Chiropractic & Physical Therapy

Chiropractic and physical therapy can help alleviate the pain that is resultant from foot problems. Seeing a podiatrist can treat the root cause of the condition, but the rest of the body could need chiropractic readjusting from the misalignment/s.

Custom Orthotics


  Heat-related illnesses vary in their severity, but even light symptoms need immediate action to correct the problem before it does become severe.  

Heat cramps

When exercising in the heat painful cramps can present. The affected muscle/s might feel hard, spasm, or generate sharp pain. The body temperature could still be within normal limits.  

Heat syncope

Syncope is a loss of consciousness, that is usually recognized as exercise-related collapse. However, before this happens, there may be a feeling of lightheadedness or fainting. This happens when temperatures are high and the individual has been standing or exercising for a long time. The same can occur when standing up quickly after sitting for a long time.  

Heat exhaustion

Heat exhaustion happens when the body temperature exceeds normal limits and rises as high as 104. This can cause nausea, weakness, cold, fainting, headaches, and vomiting. The body continues to sweat, but the skin may feel cold and clammy.  

Heatstroke and Sunstroke

Heat exhaustion untreated leads to heatstroke or sunstroke. The body’s core temperature is greater than 104 degrees and in a life-threatening emergency. The skin is no longer capable of sweating and can feel dry or moist. Individuals can become confused, irritable, and experience heart arrhythmias. Immediate medical emergency treatment is necessary to stop brain damage, organ failure, and death.  

Disclaimer

The information herein is not intended to replace a one-on-one relationship with a qualified health care professional, licensed physician, and is not medical advice. We encourage you to make your own health care decisions based on your research and partnership with a qualified health care professional. Our information scope is limited to chiropractic, musculoskeletal, physical medicines, wellness, sensitive health issues, functional medicine articles, topics, and discussions. We provide and present clinical collaboration with specialists from a wide array of disciplines. Each specialist is governed by their professional scope of practice and their jurisdiction of licensure. We use functional health & wellness protocols to treat and support care for the musculoskeletal system’s injuries or disorders. Our videos, posts, topics, subjects, and insights cover clinical matters, issues, and topics that relate to and support, directly or indirectly, our clinical scope of practice.* Our office has made a reasonable attempt to provide supportive citations and has identified the relevant research study or studies supporting our posts. We provide copies of supporting research studies available to regulatory boards and the public upon request. We understand that we cover matters that require an additional explanation of how it may assist in a particular care plan or treatment protocol; therefore, to further discuss the subject matter above, please feel free to ask Dr. Alex Jimenez or contact us at 915-850-0900. Dr. Alex Jimenez DC, MSACP, CCST, IFMCP, CIFM, CTG* email: coach@elpasofunctionalmedicine.com phone: 915-850-0900 Licensed in Texas & New Mexico  
References
Joint Bone Spine. (December 2014) “Effects of unstable shoes on chronic low back pain in health professionals: A randomized controlled trial” https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1297319X14001456 Your Foot Type Matters: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies. (July 2018) “Association between the hyper-pronated foot and the degree of severity of disability in patients with non-specific low back pain” https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1360859217303388 How to Find the Right Shoes: International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics. (December 2001) “Biomechanical effects of wearing high-heeled shoes” https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0169814101000385
Avoiding and Preventing Spinal Compression Fractures

Avoiding and Preventing Spinal Compression Fractures

Spinal vertebral compression fractures are a common injury in older individuals brought on from a lowered bone density. Hip and wrist fractures get most of the attention when it comes to osteoporosis. However, spinal fractures happen almost twice as often and affect around 700,000 individuals yearly. This is according to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons or the AAOS. These types of fractures are also known as:

  • Fragility fractures
  • Vertebral compression fractures
  • Osteoporotic compression fractures. These usually happen as a result of thinning and weakening bones caused by osteoporosis.

The Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons notes that changes in the body’s musculoskeletal bone structure can go unnoticed for years. This leads to the vertebrae narrowing and flattening, rounding the spine as a result, creating compression. Because of the weakened bone, the pressure, even from everyday low-impact movements like reaching, bending or twisting. There are strategies that can help prevent osteoporosis and osteoporotic compression fractures.

11860 Vista Del Sol, Ste. 128 Avoiding and Preventing Spinal Compression Fractures

More Movement and Physical Activity

One prevention strategy that is highly recommended is more movement and physical activity. This does not include occasional gentle movements like taking a break from sitting. Improving the spine’s health means using the full range of motion and loading the bones so they can get build strength. This could be walking more, which creates spinal resistance. Also using light weights with high repetitions with five to ten pounds of a load is enough to challenge the spine without generating muscle stress.

Individuals think they need to rest more as they get older, but to build and maintain bone density to prevent osteoporotic compression fractures more physical activity is needed. Moving around for 10 to 15 minutes every hour is a good way to start. Incorporating more activity, and focusing on healthy diet changes will help shed excess weight. This will decrease pressure on the spine, reducing the risk of fractures. For individuals with osteoporosis of the spine, it is important to review any exercise plans with a physician or doctor of chiropractic to ensure that they are safe. The wrong types of movement or too much stress on a fragile spine can definitely cause a fracture.

Medications and Other Conditions

There are medications that can help build bone density, but there are also medications for conditions that can actually cause faster bone density loss. Individuals could be taking a medication that’s good for one issue/condition, but not realize it may be associated with a reduction in bone density. This is why it is important to review prescriptions with a doctor with bone density loss side effects in mind. Medications that can cause bone loss include:

  • Glucocorticoids
  • Aromatase inhibitors for breast cancer
  • Androgen deprivation therapy for prostate cancer
  • Proton pump inhibitors
  • Depo-Provera for contraception
  • Anti-seizure drugs like carbamazepine and phenytoin
  • Diuretics like furosemide

Also, review any underlying conditions that could affect osteoporosis. As an example, the National Institutes of Health or NIH note that individuals with diabetes, specifically type 1, can have poor bone quality increasing their risk of fractures.

11860 Vista Del Sol, Ste. 128 Avoiding and Preventing Spinal Compression Fractures

Adding Calcium To The Diet

An adequate intake of calcium is essential for osteoporosis prevention and helps lower the risk of fragility fractures. A low calcium intake contributes significantly to lower bone density and faster bone loss with age. Vitamin D also helps in bone injury prevention.

Treatment

Compression fracture/s diagnosis are confirmed through imaging tests like:

  • X-rays
  • Magnetic resonance imaging MRI scan
  • Bone scan
  • Computed tomography CT scan

Bone density testing with dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry DEXA will determine bone mineral density. If a scan reveals there is a vertebral compression fracture, the most common approach is no treatment. According to the Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons, most individuals with this type of injury improve within three months with a combined rest period and limited pain medication use.

11860 Vista Del Sol, Ste. 128 Avoiding and Preventing Spinal Compression Fractures

Some individuals are recommended to wear braces to restrict movement so the fracture can heal without any added compression or stress. For those that do not respond to non-surgical treatment, minimally invasive surgery could become an option. In both cases, a doctor will suggest similar aforementioned strategies to help strengthen the bones and prevent worsening or creating new issues.

Body Composition

Changes in an individual’s 30’s

As an individual enters their 30’s and up, new challenges begin to emerge with greater demands at work and home. A few things that can begin to present:

  • More flab on the middle that gets harder to burn off
  • Performance at work, the gym, or on the road slows down or begins to reverse
  • Workouts, sporting events, physical activity that the body was able to bounce back from quite easily now take twice as long to recover from

Things start to change when the body enters its 30’s. Whether light exercise, playing weekend games, local sports, etc, the key is to just stay active. By paying close attention to nutrition and making minor adjustments, individuals can maintain and improve body composition, stay strong and healthy in their 30s and be ready for the future.

Disclaimer

The information herein is not intended to replace a one-on-one relationship with a qualified health care professional, licensed physician, and is not medical advice. We encourage you to make your own health care decisions based on your research and partnership with a qualified health care professional. Our information scope is limited to chiropractic, musculoskeletal, physical medicines, wellness, sensitive health issues, functional medicine articles, topics, and discussions. We provide and present clinical collaboration with specialists from a wide array of disciplines. Each specialist is governed by their professional scope of practice and their jurisdiction of licensure. We use functional health & wellness protocols to treat and support care for the musculoskeletal system’s injuries or disorders. Our videos, posts, topics, subjects, and insights cover clinical matters, issues, and topics that relate to and support, directly or indirectly, our clinical scope of practice.* Our office has made a reasonable attempt to provide supportive citations and has identified the relevant research study or studies supporting our posts. We provide copies of supporting research studies available to regulatory boards and the public upon request. We understand that we cover matters that require an additional explanation of how it may assist in a particular care plan or treatment protocol; therefore, to further discuss the subject matter above, please feel free to ask Dr. Alex Jimenez or contact us at 915-850-0900.

Dr. Alex Jimenez DC, MSACP, CCST, IFMCP, CIFM, CTG*
email: coach@elpasofunctionalmedicine.com
phone: 915-850-0900
Licensed in Texas & New Mexico

References

OrthoInfo/spine fracture prevalence: https://orthoinfo.aaos.org/en/diseases–conditions/osteoporosis-and-spinal-fractures

Medications that affect bone density: https://osteoporosis.ca/about-the-disease/what-is-osteoporosis/secondary-osteoporosis/medications-that-can-cause-bone-loss-falls-andor-fractures/#:~:text=The%20anti%2Dseizure%20drugs%20carbamazepine,decreased%20intestinal%20absorption%20of%20calcium.

NIH: osteoarthritis and diabetes: https://www.bones.nih.gov/health-info/bone/osteoporosis/conditions-behaviors/diabetes

Pulled Shoulder Muscle Injury Chiropractic Care

Pulled Shoulder Muscle Injury Chiropractic Care

The shoulder joint consists of different muscles for moving, protection, and a wide range of motion. When one or more of these muscles is pulled or strained, it can affect the smallest movements. A pulled shoulder muscle can make simple activities difficult, painful, and impossible. Minor shoulder injuries can heal on their own with home remedies. A serious shoulder muscle injury should be addressed by a medical professional. The shoulder is a ball-and-socket joint. Pulling a muscle in the shoulder can be caused by:

  • Injury
  • Overuse
  • General wear and tear

Pulled Shoulder Muscle Causes

Pulling a shoulder muscle can happen quickly, like falling on the shoulder or from a car accident. It can also develop from months or years of working a job where individuals perform repetitive motions with the shoulders and overuse the muscles to the point of strain. No matter the cause, rehabilitation and recovery depend on the type and severity of the injury.

Common Shoulder Muscle Injuries

Several muscles and tendons surround the shoulder joint, and because the shoulder can move so freely, it is a common area for a pull or strain. Different shoulder muscle injuries fall under being pulled or strained.

  • Rotator Cuff Tear
  • Shoulder Tear
  • Shoulder Sprain
  • Shoulder Strain
  • Pulled Muscle in the shoulder blade

A Pulled Muscle or Something Else

Unless an individual is a medical professional or has experienced this type of pain before, it can be hard to tell exactly its cause. Shoulder pain can have other or combined causes like inflammation of the tendons and joints, or the joint itself could be causing the injury. Here are a few ways to investigate what is causing shoulder pain.

Pulled Shoulder Muscle Symptoms

  • Pain in the shoulder blade area is characterized by dull, sore, or aching pain.
  • Sometimes shooting pain in the area between the shoulder blades will present, causing pain in the front or back of the shoulder.
  • Shoulder instability of the muscles or tendons.
  • The shoulder feels fragile.
  • Movement causes pain
  • A bump can develop at the top of the shoulder near the end of the collarbone.
  • General symptoms include:
  • Pain when the shoulder is at rest
  • Pain when the specific muscle is used
  • Tenderness
  • Possible swelling of the area
  • Inability to use the muscle at all

The Seriousness of a Pulled Shoulder Muscle

The majority of the time, a pulled shoulder muscle is not serious. If the pain is not severe and is not the result of an accident, it is okay to utilize home remedies to reduce pain and help the shoulder heal. However, some symptoms could indicate a serious injury or medical problem. If you experience shoulder pain and any of the following, seek immediate medical attention.

  • Severe and intense pain
  • Severe, abrupt pain that has no obvious cause
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest numbness or pain
  • Seeing clearly
  • Difficulty speaking
  • Sudden swelling, pain, or redness

Individuals who experience shoulder pain that does not get better over time seek professional help, even if the pain is mild. A professional will develop the right treatment plan, reduce pain, and generate a healthy recovery, getting the individual back to normal and optimal health.

11860 Vista Del Sol, Ste. 128 Pulled Shoulder Muscle Injury Chiropractic Care

Treatment and Recovery Options

Treatment and recovery plans are different for everyone. This is because it depends on the severity of the pull and the individual’s overall health. Many find that the pain is reduced with home remedies in two or three weeks. Chiropractic treatment for a pulled shoulder muscle can provide relief within one or two weeks.

Home Remedies for Pulled Shoulder Muscles

Depending on the severity and how much pain is presenting, NSAIDs like Ibuprofen can help reduce pain and swelling. Individuals can also incorporate the following:

Rest

The shoulder should rest for 2 or 3 days. This gets the healing process started and prevents further injuring the area.

Wrap or Sling

During the days of rest, keeping the shoulder from moving can be difficult. To avoid this, wrap the shoulder or utilize a sling to support the arm. Remember that these should not be used for more than 2 or 3 days.

Ice for Swelling

If there is swelling, applying ice to the area can help reduce the inflammation. Apply for 20 minutes every hour. The swelling should begin reducing in a day or two.

Gentle Stretching

Working out the muscles after 2 or 3 days of rest is important. Stretches will help the muscle group strengthen and heal. Not stretching the muscles and not using them for an extended time could worsen the injury and increase further injury.

Stretching the Shoulder

As aforementioned, not moving/stretching can cause more problems in the long run. Not using the muscle can cause it to atrophy, which means that it will take longer to heal with the surrounding muscles weakening. Gentle stretches for a pulled shoulder muscle include:

Cross-Body Shoulder Stretch

  • Bring the affected arm across the body at an angle
  • Cup the elbow of the affected arm with the other hand
  • Use that hand to pull the arm toward the body gently
  • Hold the stretch for 15 to 30 seconds
  • Repeat 3 to 5 times

Pendulum Stretch

  • Bend slightly forward, support the body by placing the non-injured arm on a table or chair
  • Allow the injured arm to hang straight down.
  • Start swinging the arm in small circles clockwise that gradually grow wider
  • Do for 1 minute, then switch counterclockwise for another minute
  • Repeat 4 to 8 times throughout the day
11860 Vista Del Sol, Ste. 128 Pulled Shoulder Muscle Injury Chiropractic Care

Chiropractic

If home remedies are not enough, then chiropractic can help. Chiropractors use a variety of treatment modalities for pulled shoulder muscles. These include:

  • Chiropractic adjustments
  • Electrical stimulation
  • Manual stretching
  • Ultrasound
  • Cold laser therapy to reduce pain and swelling
  • Health coaching
  • Posture exercises
  • Physical rehabilitative therapy

If the pain is persistent, it could indicate more than a pulled muscle is causing the pain. This could be a pinched nerve or a joint issue. A doctor of chiropractic can develop the best recovery option to get to the root cause.


Body Composition


Women and muscle distribution

Research reveals that women could have a higher distribution of type 1 muscle fibers and lower distribution of type 2 muscle fibers which are more prevalent in men. Type 1 muscle fibers are slow-twitch muscles and are extremely useful in long-endurance activities like long-distance running. Type 1 muscle fibers are also the first ones that activate during any exercise. Type 2 are the fast-twitch muscle fibers and get activated when performing powerful or explosive bursts of movements like sprinting.

Because of these muscle-fiber differences, men are likely to excel in training that involves explosive, powerful routines. However, a study found that women can gain more muscle mass using a total body strength training program than men. For optimal results, mix up the workout with a variety of resistance and strength training routines. This will allow for greater muscle mass growth.

References

Kim, Jun-hee et al. Comparison of the Shoulder External Rotator Strength and Asymmetry Ratio Between Workers With and Without Shoulder Impingement Syndrome. Journal of strength and conditioning research, 10.1519/JSC.0000000000003343. 17 Sep. 2019, doi:10.1519/JSC.0000000000003343

Verniba, Dmitry, and William H Gage. Stepping threshold with platform-translation and shoulder-pull postural perturbation methods.Journal of biomechanics vol. 94 (2019): 224-229. doi:10.1016/j.jbiomech.2019.07.027

Dealing with Painful Trigger Points. Berkeley Wellness. http://www.berkeleywellness.com/self-care/preventive-care/article/dealing-painful-trigger-points. Published September 1, 2011. Accessed June 14, 2018.

Trapezius Muscle Spasms: Chiropractic Treatment and Relief

Trapezius Muscle Spasms: Chiropractic Treatment and Relief

The body’s muscles function to produce force and motion. The trapezius muscle is one of the largest, which makes it highly susceptible to injury/s and spasms. A trapezius muscle spasm is when the muscle starts to contract. This muscle group is based around the neck and shoulders and is used to move the scapula shoulder bone.  
 

Causes of Trapezius Muscle Spasms

A few causes for this muscle to become inflamed/irritated include:
  • Poor posture
  • Injury
  • Stress
  • Tension
  • Improper lifting

Symptoms

The effects feel similar to a pulled shoulder muscle. Common symptoms include:
  • Upper body stiffness
  • Shoulder pain
  • Neck pain
  • Arm numbness/tingling
  • Lack of shoulder flexibility

Spasm and Pinched Nerve Difference

A muscle spasm and pinched nerve might seem or feel similar, but they are different. A muscle spasm makes the area tight and can cause muscle twitching. They vary in intensity with some spasms being mild and others excruciating. In some cases, a spasm can cause a nerve to get pinched if the knot contorts tightly around a nerve and if it is big enough. Conversely, a pinched nerve can also cause twitching, but it typically results in severe pain. Pinched nerves can also cause tingling sensations and numbness depending on the severity it could cause muscle spasms.  
11860 Vista Del Sol, Ste. 128 Trapezius Muscle Spasms: Chiropractic Treatment and Relief
 

Treating The Spasms

There are a few ways to treat this naturally.

Heat and Ice Therapy

One way to calm a muscle spasm is using heat and ice. The heat will increase nerve and blood circulation keeping the muscles flexible, and the warmth will soothe the injury. This helps prevent the muscles from spazzing and generating pain. Ice therapy also increases blood circulation but the focus is on reducing inflammation. The nerves become slightly frozen which stops the tingling, significantly reducing the pain. If pain presents around the trapezius, immediately put an ice pack on. It should be applied every few hours in 15-minute sessions. Once the pain subsides, heat therapy can be applied. A heating pad placed around the area, a warm/hot bath, or standing in the shower if possible with a massage setting letting the warm/hot water hit the muscle. But it must be consistent, doing it for about 20-minute sessions three times a day.

Stretches and Exercises

Stretches and exercises can help keep the muscle flexible and prevent any tightening.

Upper Trapezius Stretch

This stretch will move the upper trapezius area, promoting flexibility and preventing the muscle from becoming stiff.
  • Sit in a chair with proper posture
  • Holding onto the chair with the left hand, wrap the right arm over the top of the head so that the hand touches the left ear.
  • Gently pull the head toward the right and hold.
  • Slowly move the head back and repeat with the other hand.

Shoulder Shrugs

  • Moving the shoulders up and down throughout the day stretches the trapezius.
  • It releases tension and strengthens the muscle to protect it.
  • This exercise should be done every few hours for about a minute or two.
  • Also occasionally rolling the shoulders will help stretch the smaller components of the trapezius.

Cobra Pose

This yoga pose is for relieving tension.
  • It can be very helpful for those suffering from severe spasms or from a pinched nerve.
  • The first thing is to lie face-down on the floor.
  • Keeping the feet straight behind, use the hands to gently push the upper body up so that the spine slightly curves.
  • Make sure that the hands are situated in front of the body and firm on the ground.
  • Hold for a few seconds and then release.
  • Repeat the process three more times.
11860 Vista Del Sol, Ste. 128 Trapezius Muscle Spasms: Chiropractic Treatment and Relief
 

Therapeutic Massage

  • The soothing motions from a massage will calm irritated areas and encourage them to heal quicker.
  • At first, because of the tenderness around the area, a massage could present with pain.
  • The massage therapist needs to press on the area to increase blood circulation so that toxins get flushed out.
  • While it might hurt the individual soon notices that the swelling and pain are reducing.
Some massage techniques include:

Chiropractor

Chiropractors specialize in the musculoskeletal system and understand how the muscles, bones, and joints all work together. For muscle spasms, they investigate the problem and look at other areas of the body that could be contributing to or worsening the condition. For some, muscle spasms could be brought on by a misplaced joint pressing on the area. A chiropractor will palpate the areas to ensure this is not the case. And if there is a problem, they will perform a joint manipulation. This realigns the joint back in place and reduces muscle spasm symptoms. Over time the muscles become healthier because chiropractic releases toxins and improves the range of motion.

Body Composition


 

Anti-Inflammatory Diet

Often, muscle spasms are the result of inflammation. When a muscle swells, it can place pressure on surrounding nerves. The more intense the inflammation the more pressure/stress on the nerves. This can make moving and functioning very difficult because of the pain. To naturally reduce inflammation consider an anti-inflammatory diet. This type of diet is filled with antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals that will work to reduce swelling. Although it might not completely repair the muscle injury, it can reduce symptoms and stop oxidative stress. Foods to eat more of are:
  • Cherries
  • Tomatoes
  • Almonds
  • Blueberries
  • Oranges
  • Salmon
  • Kale
  • Turmeric

Dr. Alex Jimenez�s Blog Post Disclaimer

The scope of our information is limited to chiropractic, musculoskeletal, physical medicines, wellness, and sensitive health issues and/or functional medicine articles, topics, and discussions. We use functional health & wellness protocols to treat and support care for injuries or disorders of the musculoskeletal system. Our posts, topics, subjects, and insights cover clinical matters, issues, and topics that relate and support directly or indirectly our clinical scope of practice.* Our office has made a reasonable attempt to provide supportive citations and has identified the relevant research study or studies supporting our posts. We also make copies of supporting research studies available to the board and or the public upon request. We understand that we cover matters that require an additional explanation as to how it may assist in a particular care plan or treatment protocol; therefore, to further discuss the subject matter above, please feel free to ask Dr. Alex Jimenez or contact us at 915-850-0900. The provider(s) Licensed in Texas& New Mexico*  
References
Finley JE. Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation for Myofascial Pain.�Medscape. https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/313007-overview#showall. Updated May 21, 2017. Accessed July 16, 2018. Rodante JA, Al Hassan QA, Almeer ZS. Myofascial Pain Syndrome: Uncovering the Root Causes.�Practical Pain Manag. https://www.practicalpainmanagement.com/pain/myofascial/myofascial-pain-syndrome-uncovering-root-causes. 2012;6. Last updated on October 5, 2012. Accessed July 16, 2018. http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.656.582&rep=rep1&type=pdf
Don’t Give Up On Physical Therapy For Back Pain

Don’t Give Up On Physical Therapy For Back Pain

When individuals stop working on their back pain therapy, the pain can come back. Don’t give up on the process and trust the therapists/providers. Many people experience their first episode of low back pain between the ages of 20 and 40. Often they are not sure what caused their back problems. There are a variety of factors that could be contributors like:
  • Old running shoes
  • A heavy box that was inappropriately lifted and carried
  • Exercise strain
  • Too much sitting
  • Poor posture
  • Work injury
  • Personal injury
  • Sports injury
11860 Vista Del Sol, Ste. 128 Don't Give Up On Physical Therapy For Back Pain
After some time with the pain, a visit to the doctor is in order, hoping for clear answers and strong medicine. A diagnosis of non-specific back pain and a prescription for physical therapy is given. This is because doctors are now required to prescribe non-medication, non-invasive therapeutic approaches for any type of pain first. After three to four weeks of physical therapy, and there is still no improvement or signs of improvement will a doctor recommend medication/s and/or surgery.

Physical Therapy

Nonspecific back pain describes back pain that is not associated with a clear cause like:
  • Osteoporosis
  • Inflammatory arthritis
  • Tumor
  • Fracture
  • Infection
  • Structural deformity
Non-specific back pain is very common and often acute, meaning the symptoms usually go away on their own within a month. Physical therapy also known as PT can help expedite the healing process. Physical therapy can improve a variety of back-related problems, including those caused by disease and structural abnormalities. A study found that physical therapy works as well as surgery for lumbar spinal stenosis or the narrowing of the spinal canal in the low back.

Don’t Give Up On The Program

Unfortunately, many individuals do not follow through with the full course of physical therapy. Reasons include:
  • Time
  • Cost
  • Inconvenience
  • Low level of physical activity before treatment
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Poor social support
  • Increased pain during exercise
11860 Vista Del Sol, Ste. 128 Don't Give Up On Physical Therapy For Back Pain
The problem with stopping physical therapy is that individuals can end up right where they began. Not following a treatment plan can have negative effects on outcomes and healthcare costs. Progress depends on how much follow-through an individual does on their own. Don’t give up on the program and maintain rehabilitative progress.

Scientifically Backed Benefits

Scientific proof means measuring results objectively to determine if a treatment works. Physical therapy has consistently proven to be highly effective. Researchers found that physical therapy led to positive health benefits when treating back pain. Specifically, individuals that followed a physical therapy program to the end had:
  • Less physical therapy visits
  • Their length of care was shorter
  • Prescription medications were used far less
  • Fewer visits to the doctor
  • Advanced imaging is used less
  • Cost savings
For example, spine stabilization exercises during an episode of low back pain can decrease pain, disability, and the risk of another episode.
11860 Vista Del Sol, Ste. 128 Don't Give Up On Physical Therapy For Back Pain

The Right Physical Therapy Clinic

Do research to find the best therapeutic clinic or professional. It is perfectly understandable to be picky about physical therapy. Several studies have shown that a healthy relationship between patients and physical therapists improves outcomes. When choosing a clinic, individuals should be aware that there are different models. The differences can influence the experience.
  • Some therapists treat more than one person at a time. This means the exercises will be shown how to do them properly, then the individual will be expected to continue on their own with the therapist returning to see the progress and start the next exercise.
  • Some therapists see the patient once, then an assistant takes over. Assistants will help with the exercise programs.
  • There are some clinics that could be out of network or do not accept insurance. Individuals can pay more, but the benefit is more one-on-one time/care with a physical therapist.
  • If an individual does not like the experience with one model, try another.
  • Remember that individuals need to advocate for their own health, treatment, and progress.
  • If an individual is not improving, then they need to have a discussion with the physical therapist.
  • The therapist can then problem solve and try a new treatment or refer the patient for additional care like imaging, medications, or a different intervention altogether. Don’t give up, relief from back pain is possible.

Don’t Give Up On Body Health

 

 

Body composition analysis an effective tool during physical therapy

Body composition is essential for understanding physiological makeup and to help guide a treatment plan to target specific areas in physical therapy programs. InBody analysis is non-invasive and convenient, making it ideal when used in conjunction with physical therapy rehabilitation programs. The InBody test provides results that can be used to educate and engage individuals to help track improvements throughout the physical therapy course. In less than 60 seconds, the test results are easy-to-understand, accurate, and objective. This helps to evaluate and monitor progress during rehabilitation. With the test a physical therapist can:
  • Assess muscle distribution
  • Focus on areas weakened by injury or surgery
  • Identify fluid imbalances related to inflammation
  • Monitor changes to determine the efficacy of the therapy program
  • Guide recommendations for long-term success
  • Don’t give up!

Dr. Alex Jimenez�s Blog Post Disclaimer

The scope of our information is limited to chiropractic, musculoskeletal, physical medicines, wellness, and sensitive health issues and/or functional medicine articles, topics, and discussions. We use functional health & wellness protocols to treat and support care for injuries or disorders of the musculoskeletal system. Our posts, topics, subjects, and insights cover clinical matters, issues, and topics that relate and support directly or indirectly our clinical scope of practice.* Our office has made a reasonable attempt to provide supportive citations and has identified the relevant research study or studies supporting our posts. We also make copies of supporting research studies available to the board and or the public upon request. We understand that we cover matters that require an additional explanation as to how it may assist in a particular care plan or treatment protocol; therefore, to further discuss the subject matter above, please feel free to ask Dr. Alex Jimenez or contact us at 915-850-0900. The provider(s) Licensed in Texas& New Mexico*
References
PLOS One.�(Jun 2016) �The Influence of Physical Therapy Guideline Adherence on Healthcare Utilization and Costs among Patients with Low Back Pain: A Systematic Review of the Literature.��https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/27285608/ Pain and Therapy.�(Jan 2020) �Rehabilitation for Low Back Pain: A Narrative Review for Managing Pain and Improving Function in Acute and Chronic Conditions.��https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s40122-020-00149-5 Spine.�(Apr 2012) �Management Patterns in Acute Low Back Pain: the Role of Physical Therapy.��https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3062937/
Spinal Decompression Surgery: Laminotomy and Laminectomy

Spinal Decompression Surgery: Laminotomy and Laminectomy

Spinal decompression surgery could be a treatment option discussion with a doctor to relieve nerve pain brought on by a spinal condition or disorder. Everything to know about the procedures straight from the experts.  
11860 Vista Del Sol, Ste. 128 Spinal Decompression Surgery: Laminotomy and Laminectomy
 

Spinal Decompression Surgery Types: Laminectomy or Laminotomy

Both procedures involve the vertebrae�s lamina, which is an arch of bone that protects the spinal canal.
  • In a laminectomy, the lamina is removed almost entirely.
  • In a laminotomy, it is a partial removal.
Despite the removal, the large muscles of the back provide sustained protection for the nerves below. Therefore, the spinal nerves are still safe and secure following the procedures. Which one is right depends on the situation.  
 
  • A laminectomy is usually performed to treat an arthritic condition of the spinal canal like spinal stenosis.
  • Laminotomy is used almost exclusively to remove a herniated disc.
  • A laminectomy removes more bone and sometimes the inner edge of the facet joint.
  • Ultimately, a surgeon will determine which of the two procedures is best for the individual’s needs and condition.

Decompression Surgery

Spinal stenosis or the narrowing of the spinal canal is usually caused by arthritis and overgrowth of the discs and joints. Similar compression issues respond well to non-surgical treatment. But sometimes surgery is necessary to treat uncommon but potentially severe cases. These include patients with:
  • Bowel or bladder problems caused by the pressure on the spinal nerves
  • Leg weakness that gets worse
  • Inability to walk or move for long periods and distance
The objective of spinal decompression surgery is to create space around the spinal cord and surrounding nerves by removing the compressing structure/s. When the cord and/or nerve/s are compressed, physical and neurological symptoms are experienced down the nerve�s pathway. This includes:
  • Tingling
  • Numbness
  • Electric shock sensations
  • Radiating/spreading pain
  • Weakness
Once the compressed nerves have space to relax and move around symptoms subside.  
11860 Vista Del Sol, Ste. 128 Spinal Decompression Surgery: Laminotomy and Laminectomy
 

Laminectomy process

  • Lumbar laminectomy is the most common procedure to treat spinal stenosis in the low back.
  • It also helps treat herniated discs by allowing the surgeon to easily access the discs to repair any damage.
  • The surgeon removes the lamina and ligaments that have thickened and are causing problems to create more space in the canal.
  • The surgery enlarges the spinal canal so that pressure is relieved.
  • By removing the source of the pressure, the pain caused by the compressed nerves is alleviated.
  • An open laminectomy creates an incision of a couple of inches and exposes the spine.
  • The muscles of the spine and back are cut through to expose the bone.
  • Another technique that surgeons utilize is operating through a tube.
  • They’ve adapted these techniques to be able to decompress both the right and the left sides although they are only operating on one side.
  • Both procedures, minimal and traditional accomplish the same goals.
  • The difference is the minimally invasive approach involves one or more tiny incisions also known as skin punctures and small instruments designed to separate muscles and soft tissues instead of cutting through them.
  • The traditional approach requires a larger incision and instruments that retract, separate and cut tissues.
 

Laminectomy surgery

  • Laminectomies are performed under general anesthesia using a posterior approach/lying face down during the procedure.
  • It can be open or minimally invasive sometimes called a microlaminectomy.
  • In an open laminectomy, the surgeon makes an incision near the affected spinal area.
  • Once the incision is made, a retractor will move the skin, fat, and muscles to the side so the surgeon can access the spine.
  • Next, they remove or trim the lamina and thickened ligaments to enlarge the space surrounding the compressed nerves.
  • Once done, the retractor is removed and the incision is closed with sutures.
  • Minimally invasive surgery or MIS is performed using special instruments like endoscopes and tubular retractors.
  • These instruments allow for smaller incisions and less cutting.
  • They will also use special eyewear to have a detailed view of the surgical field.
  • Sometimes, the surgeon uses an endoscope or a microscope focused down the tube to perform the surgery.
  • The portion of the lamina is removed, along with any bone overgrowths/osteophytes and ligament tissue.
  • The tubular retractors are taken out so the soft tissue moves back into place, and the incision is closed with dissolving sutures.

Other spinal procedures performed alongside

Laminectomies and laminotomies are typically not performed together. However, a surgeon could perform both if the surgery affects multiple levels of the spine. They can also be combined with other spinal surgeries, that include:

Foraminotomy

  • A foraminotomy is also a decompression procedure. But instead of removing part or all the lamina, the surgeon accesses the nerves through the spine�s foramen or the passageway that nerves pass through on both sides.

Discectomy

  • This decompression surgery involves the removal of all or part of the damaged intervertebral disc and is utilized for herniated discs.

Spinal fusion

  • Fusion is often performed after spinal decompression surgery, as the space that was created by removing spinal structure/s can cause instability to the spine.

Candidates for spinal decompression surgery

Both are common procedures performed by neurosurgeons and orthopedic spine surgeons. Laminectomies are considered one of the most effective treatments for spinal stenosis and spinal canal issues like:
  • Tumors
  • Certain types of infections and abscesses
  • Spinal issues involving bowel/bladder dysfunction
  • The primary reason for laminectomy is spinal stenosis, most common in individuals over the age of 60.
Other considerations and conditions include:
  • Non-invasive treatments that don’t improve the condition that includes medication, massage, and physical therapy
  • Fusion surgery failure
  • Injection treatment failure
  • The presence of tumors in or around the spine
  • An infection like an epidural abscess
  • Neurologic issues
  • Bowel or bladder dysfunction
  • Cauda equina syndrome
Ask questions about the procedure to ensure you are comfortable with the operation. Here are some questions:
  • What are the risks associated?
  • Will the surgery relieve all symptoms?
  • Not having the surgery risks?
  • What is recovery like?
11860 Vista Del Sol, Ste. 128 Spinal Decompression Surgery: Laminotomy and Laminectomy
 

Recovery

  • Open or micro, recovery does take time. Following the doctor�s instructions carefully are essential to make a full, healthy recovery.
  • Individuals should be careful for about a month following the surgery. But does not mean laying down or being sedentary. Movement is crucial to recovery.
  • The patient should not stay in bed or lie on the sofa.
  • Wait a week or two before beginning physical therapy if necessary.
  • Most will have a weak core, poor posture, and poor body mechanics, the goal is to help develop and strengthen these areas.
Things to help with recovery include:
  • Ice/cold packs will help reduce swelling and pain.
  • Try not to sit for too long, as sitting is the least comfortable position after back surgery.
  • Body mechanic awareness means avoiding too much bending or lifting and using the right body mechanics when bending or lifting.
  • Post-operative body movement after surgery is vital and helps prevent post-surgery issues.
Things to do before surgery:

Quitting smoking

  • Especially before surgery. Quitting entirely or at least for at least six weeks before surgery will make recovery easier and healthier.

Losing weight

  • Speak with a doctor about weight. Just 5 pounds can make a significant difference during recovery.

Blood sugar

  • For individuals with diabetes, having an A1C under eight before surgery is ideal.
Every patient�s recovery is different. Recovery time depends on:
  • The complexity of the surgery
  • Personal medical history
  • Health issues
Recovery typically takes about two to four weeks after the surgery. However, it depends on the reason/s for the surgery.

Questions

Post-laminectomy syndrome

  • Post-laminectomy syndrome PLS also known as failed back surgery syndrome is a condition where an individual continues to have pain after surgery. Individuals still having symptoms after should speak with their doctor to determine the next phase of treatment.

How long before exercise?

  • Returning to the gym or getting into an exercise routine will take some time. It is important to follow the doctor�s recommendations and complete the full course of physical therapy before regular exercise activity can resume. Discuss workout plans with the doctor to determine the best timeline for the spine.

Full recovery?

  • Returning to some activity is possible around four weeks after surgery. Full recovery takes longer as each patient�s recovery is unique. Depending on the complexity of the surgery, most return to all activities within 6 to 9 months.

Body Composition Spotlight


 

Dr. Alex Jimenez�s Blog Post Disclaimer

The scope of our information is limited to chiropractic, musculoskeletal, physical medicines, wellness, and sensitive health issues and/or functional medicine articles, topics, and discussions. We use functional health & wellness protocols to treat and support care for injuries or disorders of the musculoskeletal system. Our posts, topics, subjects, and insights cover clinical matters, issues, and topics that relate and support directly or indirectly our clinical scope of practice.* Our office has made a reasonable attempt to provide supportive citations and has identified the relevant research study or studies supporting our posts. We also make copies of supporting research studies available to the board and or the public upon request. We understand that we cover matters that require an additional explanation as to how it may assist in a particular care plan or treatment protocol; therefore, to further discuss the subject matter above, please feel free to ask Dr. Alex Jimenez or contact us at 915-850-0900. The provider(s) Licensed in Texas& New Mexico*
References
American Association of Neurological Surgeons. �Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery.� (n.d.)�https://www.aans.org/en/Patients/Neurosurgical-Conditions-and-Treatments/Minimally-Invasive-Spine-Surgery Foraminotomy. MedlinePlus. https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/007390.htm. Reviewed November 27, 2016. Page last updated December 21, 2017. Accessed January 18, 2018. Laminectomy. https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/007389.htm. MedlinePlus. Reviewed November 27, 2016. Page last updated December 21, 2017. Accessed January 18, 2018. Mayo Clinic. �Laminectomy.� (n.d.)�https://www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/laminectomy/about/pac-20394533 Mayo Clinic. �Laminotomy.� (n.d)�https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/spinal-stenosis/multimedia/img-20149227
Chiropractic Shoulder Impingement Mobility Treatment

Chiropractic Shoulder Impingement Mobility Treatment

The shoulder is subject to different irritations, injuries, and conditions. Shoulder impingement is a common ailment but is often confused with other shoulder problems. Properly treating impingement syndrome needs proper diagnosis first. Most shoulder impingement cases do not require surgery. Conservative treatment like chiropractic focuses on pain reduction while increasing the range of motion. This is achieved with manual manipulation, soft tissue therapy, cold laser therapy, and spinal adjustments for shoulder posture realignment.  
 

Shoulder Impingement Symptoms

Shoulder impingement often gets confused with a pinched nerve or a rotator cuff tear. The symptoms can be similar, but the treatment options differ. This is why it�s important to know the specific shoulder issue presenting. This can be done by recognizing the symptoms and performing a shoulder impingement self-exam. Symptoms include:
  • Pain when lifting the arm straight out.
  • Pain when lifting the arm overhead.
  • Pain along the outside of the shoulder, the front, back, or side.
  • Dull throbbing pain.
  • Trouble sleeping specifically individuals that sleep with their arm over their head.
 
11860 Vista Del Sol, Ste. 128 Chiropractic Shoulder Impingement Mobility Treatment
 

Shoulder Impingement Self Exams

There are self-exams at home to help determine if it is in fact shoulder impingement. These exams are just to get a better idea, but a professional chiropractic diagnosis is recommended.  

Exam 1

  • Take the hand of the affected arm and place it on the opposite shoulder, creating a V shape at the elbow.
  • Keeping the hand on the opposite shoulder, raise the elbow straight out in front bringing it up toward the face.
  • If pain presents in the shoulder while moving the elbow up, then shoulder impingement could be a possibility.

Exam 2

  • Stand up with hands down at the sides.
  • Turn the hand of the affected shoulder inward, so the thumb faces back instead of forward.
  • Keep the thumb pointing backward, raise the arm straight up in front and over the head.
  • Note if there is any discomfort or pain.
  • Bring the hand back down to the side.
  • Next, turn the hand so that the palm is facing forward.
  • Again, raise the arm in an arc, ending above the head.
  • If pain presents while raising the arm with the thumb back, but feel relief with the palm facing forward, it is likely a shoulder impingement.
 
11860 Vista Del Sol, Ste. 128 Chiropractic Shoulder Impingement Mobility Treatment
 

Chiropractic Relief

If there is some sort of impingement different treatment options exist. Many doctors treat shoulder impingement with injections and pain management. Studies show that conservative treatment, like chiropractic, have shown positive results for shoulder impingement cases. Chiropractic improves joint function and mobility while treating the underlying root cause. A chiropractor will use a multi-approach depending on the cause. A combination of adjustments, anti-inflammatory protocols, and active release techniques can be used.  

Chiropractic Adjustment

One of the first things chiropractors look at is the spine. This is because poor posture, and slumping shoulders, can be a major contributor to impingement. Chiropractors perform a posture assessment and, if necessary a spinal adjustment to achieve proper alignment is the beginning to get the body back in balance.  

Anti-Inflammation Protocols

Next, is the shoulder itself. Deep tissue massage and anti-inflammation techniques like cold laser therapy or ultrasound can relieve pain, and reduce inflammation. Once the pain has decreased, the chiropractor will move on to active release techniques.  

Active Release Technique

Usually the result of the muscles or tendons becoming inflamed and irritated, the active release technique is used to separate any scar tissue from the soft tissue. The active release technique is performed with a combination of movement and manipulation. This increases healing through proper blood flow and circulation.  
 

Healing Naturally

Here is an example of a potential treatment plan. All treatment plans are different depending on:
  • Individual health
  • Activity level
  • Medical history
  • Age
  • Injury

Rest and Pain Reduction

  • The first step in healing is rest. Individuals will be recommended to cease any overhead arm activity and any activity that causes inflammation of the shoulder.
  • Pain reduction treatment. This could be:
  1. Ultrasound
  2. Laser therapy
  3. Massage
  4. Other forms of pain relief and inflammation reduction

Adjustments/Alignment

  • Chiropractic adjustments performed on the upper cervical spine, upper back, and shoulder area will address the overall cause.
  • Posture assessments will determine if the spine needs adjusting and if it is a cause of the impingement.

Stretching Exercises

 
 

Rehab Protocol

The stretches and exercises are an essential part of the healing process. The specific exercises will depend on the individual’s specific treatment plan but are made to be gentle on the body without any special equipment. If you have any questions call our chiropractic and physical therapy clinic to talk to a trained professional.

Body Composition


 

Strength Training

Strength training is defined as a technique/method of improving the body’s muscular strength. This is achieved by gradually increasing the resistance force through the use of free weights, machines, or body weight. This means the body gets stronger and more capable of performing regular, work, and sports activities without experiencing weakness, fatigue, discomfort, and pain. Examples could include:
  • Carrying groceries or children
  • Moving furniture, household objects, etc.
  • Running
  • Jumping
  • Other physical activities
Strength training has numerous benefits, including:
  • Increased physical performance
  • Improved blood pressure
  • Improved metabolism
  • Reduced fat mass
  • Increased bone strength/density
  • Improved cognitive ability
  • Prevention and management of type 2 diabetes
  • Improved cholesterol levels
  • Reduction of pain associated with chronic conditions

Dr. Alex Jimenez�s Blog Post Disclaimer

The scope of our information is limited to chiropractic, musculoskeletal, physical medicines, wellness, and sensitive health issues and/or functional medicine articles, topics, and discussions. We use functional health & wellness protocols to treat and support care for injuries or disorders of the musculoskeletal system. Our posts, topics, subjects, and insights cover clinical matters, issues, and topics that relate and support directly or indirectly our clinical scope of practice.* Our office has made a reasonable attempt to provide supportive citations and has identified the relevant research study or studies supporting our posts. We also make copies of supporting research studies available to the board and or the public upon request. We understand that we cover matters that require an additional explanation as to how it may assist in a particular care plan or treatment protocol; therefore, to further discuss the subject matter above, please feel free to ask Dr. Alex Jimenez or contact us at 915-850-0900. The provider(s) Licensed in Texas& New Mexico*
References
Garving, Christina et al. �Impingement Syndrome of the Shoulder.��Deutsches Arzteblatt international�vol. 114,45 (2017): 765-776. doi:10.3238/arztebl.2017.0765 https://www.healthline.com/health/active-release-technique#benefits
Cauda Equina Syndrome Nerve Compression

Cauda Equina Syndrome Nerve Compression

Cauda equina syndrome is an emergency that needs to be treated as soon as possible. It is a form of spinal nerve compression, but if left untreated, it can lead to permanent paralysis of one or both legs and permanent loss of bowel/bladder control. Lower back pain after sitting for too long or improperly lifting something heavy happens to most if not all of us.
However, sometimes pain in the lower back can be an indicator of something more serious. Especially, for individuals that are dealing with or managing back pain. One condition is cauda equina syndrome. It�s not like sciatica or arthritis, but it does have specific symptoms that individuals should be aware of.

Cauda Equina Syndrome

The term comes from Latin that means horse�s tail. The cauda equina forms the group of nerves that run through the lumbar spinal canal. Generally, the condition means two things:
  • There is nerve compression of most of the lumbar spinal canal
  • Compression symptoms like numbness or weakness in the leg/s
How cauda equina syndrome differs from typical compression of the lumbar spinal canal is that it can be caused by different issues, from fractures, tumors, and infections. More commonly, it is disc herniations that cause the problems. The key difference is the degree of nerve compression, and the number of nerves compressed. For example, compression of a single nerve will not cause loss of bladder function. But compression of multiple nerves, especially the sacral nerves can cause loss of function. Nerve compression that leads to pain or numbness can be treated differently. Surgery is reserved for severe cases and for individuals that are not improving with non-invasive treatment.
11860 Vista Del Sol, Ste. 128 Cauda Equina Syndrome Nerve Compression Chiropractic Diagnosis

Sneaky Presentation

One of the major factors is long-term compression that individuals do not realize they have. Individuals are more likely to be aware of symptoms from another spinal condition before cauda equina syndrome presents. However, the condition presents quickly but often other overlapping back problems mask cauda equina syndrome.

Causes

The syndrome can be brought on from anything that compresses the nerves. Most commonly, it is a root compression from degenerative processes, specifically lumbar disc herniations. Other causes include:
  • Bleeding like an epidural hematoma
  • Trauma like fractures or penetrating trauma
  • Tumors growing in the canal or the collapse of a tumor-affected bone
  • Disc herniations can progressively grow in size, which leads to a slowly-evolving cauda equina syndrome.
  • An enlarging disc herniation or synovial cyst can further compromise the already compressed nerves.
  • Overgrowth of arthritic joints or bone spurs into the spinal canal can lead to long-term compression.

Symptoms

The symptoms vary based on the degree that the spinal canal has been affected:
  • Back pain
  • Leg pain
  • Sciatica
  • Saddle numbness that extends into other areas of the legs
  • Neurogenic bladder dysfunction. This can range from difficulty starting to urinate or limited and/or non-voluntary control urinating.
  • Bowel dysfunction
  • Sexual dysfunction

Diagnosis

A doctor will examine any significant changes in bladder, bowel, or leg function that are considered red flags prompting an early and complete assessment. A physician will ask for a complete/detailed history of the onset and progression of symptoms. The second is a close physical examination which includes testing sensation and strength along with a rectal exam to assess voluntary contraction. Also checking the body’s reflexes, assess walking gait and alignment. If most or all of the symptoms are presenting this will set in motion spinal imaging or an MRI. If the symptoms, exam, and imaging match, it will lead to an emergency admission to the hospital.
11860 Vista Del Sol, Ste. 128 Cauda Equina Syndrome Nerve Compression Chiropractic Diagnosis

Body Composition Spotlight


 

Obesity and Osteoarthritis Connection

A variety of factors contribute to the development of osteoarthritis, including genetic factors and lifestyle choices. Research supports obesity is a significant risk factor in the development of osteoarthritis. It is pretty straightforward as body weight increases this equals increased load on the spine, and joints, especially the weight-bearing ones like the hips and knees. Increased pressure leads to early wearing, tearing, and eventual development of osteoarthritis. Added weight affects the body’s biomechanics and gait patterns. However, obesity has also been shown to be a risk factor even on the non-weight-bearing joints. This is based on adipose tissue, which is more than just insulation. Adipose tissue is metabolically active and is involved in the secreting adipokines and cytokines which promote an inflammatory response. Pro-inflammatory adipokines and cytokines can have detrimental effects on joint tissue including damage to cartilage, synovial joints, and subchondral bone. The effect of inflammation on the joints in the body can contribute to the development of osteoarthritis.

Dr. Alex Jimenez�s Blog Post Disclaimer

The scope of our information is limited to chiropractic, musculoskeletal, physical medicines, wellness, and sensitive health issues and/or functional medicine articles, topics, and discussions. We use functional health & wellness protocols to treat and support care for injuries or disorders of the musculoskeletal system. Our posts, topics, subjects, and insights cover clinical matters, issues, and topics that relate and support directly or indirectly our clinical scope of practice.* Our office has made a reasonable attempt to provide supportive citations and has identified the relevant research study or studies supporting our posts. We also make copies of supporting research studies available to the board and or the public upon request. We understand that we cover matters that require an additional explanation as to how it may assist in a particular care plan or treatment protocol; therefore, to further discuss the subject matter above, please feel free to ask Dr. Alex Jimenez or contact us at�915-850-0900. The provider(s) Licensed in Texas& New Mexico*
References
Causes of Cauda Equina:�Neurosurgical Focus.�(June 2004) �Spinal epidural hematoma causing acute cauda equina syndrome��https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/15202871/ Arriving at a Diagnosis:�British Journal of Neurosurgery. (August 2010) �Reliability of clinical assessment in diagnosing cauda equina syndrome��https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.3109/02688697.2010.505987
Chiropractic Injury Prevention for Work, Personal, and Sports Activities

Chiropractic Injury Prevention for Work, Personal, and Sports Activities

Injury prevention should be on everyone’s mind. All jobs, sports, and activities have the potential to cause some form of injury/s. Sustaining an injury, no matter how big or small can take a toll on the body. It can force an individual to take a lengthy break from work, school, sports, etc, or stop completely.  
11860 Vista Del Sol, Ste. 128 Chiropractic Injury Prevention for Work, Personal, and Sports Activities
 
Some form of rest is usually necessary to expedite the healing process but there are other ways to help with injury prevention. The most common type of injury that can be prevented is overuse/repetitive motion/s injuries. Many individuals realize that an underlying issue for injuries is spinal/body misalignment.  

Injury prevention

A few ways that injury prevention can be optimized for various activities:
  • Full body stretching regularly will keep the body flexible
  • A nutrient-rich diet
  • A regular strength training regimen
  • Avoiding getting into a sedentary lifestyle
  • Stress management methods/techniques
  • Developing the body’s ability to learn healthy movement/s
  • Regular chiropractic, physical therapy
  • Health coaching
 

Misalignment and injury

When the spine is out of alignment the entire body goes out of balance and begins to function improperly and eventually breaks down. The nerve, blood circulation energy is affected. This compromises:
  • Tissue health
  • The body�s natural healing abilities
  • Normal body coordination and movement
This increases the risk of injury/s. Proper posture and body mechanics have a primary role in injury prevention. Proper spinal alignment allows the body�s ability to coordinate effective, pain/injury-free movement. Better coordination promotes optimal performance with less effort and corrects/improves muscle strain, tissue damage, and enhances bone health.  
11860 Vista Del Sol, Ste. 128 Chiropractic Injury Prevention for Work, Personal, and Sports Activities
 

Proper spinal alignment

Chiropractic is a specialized expert approach that focuses on addressing core issues related to spinal alignment. Chiropractic treatment will locate and address spinal misalignments that individuals did not even know were there. The chiropractic approach will help establish a solid foundation for regular daily activities without injury. When the spine/body is properly-aligned nerve flow is restored and the body can move with reduced risk of injury or complication/s. Contact a chiropractic specialist and see what they can offer.

Body Composition Clinic

 
 

Too Much Sitting Health Consequences

When the body is in a seated position, the gluteal muscles, abdominal muscles, and legs remain static. When sitting for a long time day after day with no exercise/movement the muscles begin to degenerate/weaken and go into a pseudo form of atrophy from the lack of engaged movement/exercise. Metabolism is linked with body composition meaning that more muscle increases metabolism and helps burn more calories. Muscle loss, especially from the lower body which is the largest muscle group, can lead to continued fat gain if exercise is not implemented and an unhealthy diet is not changed. Gradual muscle loss from the lower body can hurt functional strength and with age increases the risk of falls.  

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The scope of our information is limited to chiropractic, musculoskeletal, physical medicines, wellness, and sensitive health issues and/or functional medicine articles, topics, and discussions. We use functional health & wellness protocols to treat and support care for injuries or disorders of the musculoskeletal system. Our posts, topics, subjects, and insights cover clinical matters, issues, and topics that relate and support directly or indirectly our clinical scope of practice.* Our office has made a reasonable attempt to provide supportive citations and has identified the relevant research study or studies supporting our posts. We also make copies of supporting research studies available to the board and or the public upon request. We understand that we cover matters that require an additional explanation as to how it may assist in a particular care plan or treatment protocol; therefore, to further discuss the subject matter above, please feel free to ask Dr. Alex Jimenez or contact us at 915-850-0900. The provider(s) Licensed in Texas& New Mexico*
References
McClure, Roderick J. �What is this thing called injury prevention?.��Injury prevention: journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention vol. 24,3 (2018): 177. doi:10.1136/injury prev-2018-042838