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Foot Orthotics

Back Clinic Foot orthotics These are shoe inserts that are custom-made to medical specifications. Custom-made orthotics are considered more effective and made of higher quality than pre-made orthotics.

Custom-made orthotics can:

  • Correct abnormal walk or gait
  • Reduce pain
  • Prevent and protect foot/feet deformity
  • Better alignment
  • Take away pressure on the foot/feet
  • Improve mechanics of the foot

Foot pain can come from an injury, disease, or condition, but the cause of the foot pain is what the doctor wants to know to know what type of orthotic to design. The inserts are made by taking an impression of the foot/feet with a 3-D scan.

Suffering from foot pain, that can lead to leg, hip, and spine problems, then orthotics could hold the key to optimal health. By starting from the bottom up foot orthotics can prevent any problems/issues and relieve any pain. It is an option to be considered and should be discussed with your physician.

Stay Ahead of the Game: Why Pickleball Footwear Matters

Stay Ahead of the Game: Why Pickleball Footwear Matters

Proper shoes are highly recommended when playing sports, whether professional or recreational. Can wearing pickleball footwear help increase optimal performance and prevent injuries?

Stay Ahead of the Game: Why Pickleball Footwear Matters

Pickleball Footwear

Pickleball has become quite popular because individuals of all ages and abilities can play it. Although it is a relatively new sport, it emerged in 1965. (USA Pickleball, 2021) It’s now one of the fastest-growing sports, with over 8 million players nationwide. (Brandon, 2023) The game can be played with most shoes designed for sports, like running or cross-fit shoes. There are shoes specifically for pickleball that improve traction, enhance stability and cushioning, and increase impact absorption. For those getting into the game long-term, investing in high-quality pickleball footwear is a worthwhile investment that can contribute to long-term enjoyment and injury prevention.

The Demands of Pickleball

Like tennis or table tennis, pickleball involves dynamic and fast-paced movements, including lateral strides, pivoting, and quickly changing direction. The body has to move forward, backward, and side to side across the court and pivot. When chasing the ball, to control the shots, produce power, decrease the risk of injury, and change direction while maintaining balance, the feet, body, and shoes must work together to make all this possible. One consideration depends on where the game will be played, whether flat ground or a harder surface. Wearing sneakers or tennis shoes is recommended for flat-ground play, as they provide supportive cushioning and shock absorption. For harder surfaces like concrete or hardwood courts, specialized shoes like those designed for pickleball are recommended.


Some of the benefits of investing in pickleball footwear include.

Optimal Traction

Traction is incredibly important in pickleball. Optimal traction can help players execute quick movements, maintain stability, and prevent slips and falls. When looking for the right shoes, consider traction-specific materials like rubber, nylon, and leather. Individuals are most likely to find rubber pickleball shoes because they’re cheaper and commonly used in other outdoor sport-specific shoes, such as soccer. Nylon is more expensive but offers better traction than rubber and is often used in high-tech sneakers because it provides significant shock absorption and long-term durability. Leather is the most expensive material but offers the best grip. Because of its natural look and feel, it is also becoming more popular in sneakers.

Stability and Support

Moving from side to side in a lateral fashion requires players to be on top of their balance and maintain steadiness when making shots. Pickleball shoes are designed to support stability and can help reduce injuries like sprains.

Impact Absorption Cushioning

Pickleball footwear is designed similarly to running shoes, with cushioned comfort and a midsole that offers shock absorption and reduces the impact felt in the joints, including the knees, lower back, and feet. Individuals can find pickleball footwear that utilizes various sports technologies, like gel inserts or responsive foam, which can help cushion and reduce the impact on the joints. When cushioned, the body can maintain more balance, promote positive movement habits, prevent muscular fatigue and joint pain, help reduce overall stress, and allow individuals to play harder without experiencing pain. Long-term benefits result in a stronger, more flexible body.

Proper Fit and Considerations

Make sure that the pickleball shoes fit well and provide adequate support. Measure your feet using a ruler or measuring tape, and have the measurements handy while shopping. Suggestions include:

  • Look for shoes that fit snugly but don’t allow the feet to move around too much during play.
  • Pay attention to arch support.
  • Individuals with high arches should look for shoes with adjustable straps or more supportive materials built into the sole.

Using an integrated approach to treat and prevent injuries and chronic pain syndromes, improve flexibility, mobility, and agility, and help individuals return to normal activities, Injury Medical Chiropractic and Functional Medicine Clinic works with primary healthcare providers and specialists to develop a personalized fitness program. Each case is different and requires reviewing individual medical history and physical examination to determine the proper training plan.  Dr. Jimenez has teamed up with top trainers, clinical specialists, medical researchers, and rehabilitation providers to provide the most effective treatments if other training is needed.

Custom Foot Orthotics


USA Pickleball. (2021). History of the game.

Mackie, B. Pickleheads. (2024). Pickleball statistics.

Footwear for Back Pain Relief: Choosing the Right Shoes

Footwear for Back Pain Relief: Choosing the Right Shoes

Footwear can cause lower back pain and problems for some individuals. Can understanding the connection between footwear and back problems help individuals find the right shoes to maintain back health and relieve pain?

Footwear for Back Pain Relief: Choosing the Right Shoes

Footwear Back Pain

The back provides the strength for physical activities. Back pain affects daily life and can have various causes. Unhealthy posture, walking, twisting, turning, bending, and reaching can contribute to back problems that result in pain. According to the CDC, 39% of adults report living with back pain (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2019). Improper footwear can also contribute to back pain. Selecting footwear carefully can help bring pain relief and help maintain spinal health. Individuals can enjoy less pain and manage symptoms by choosing shoes that maintain spinal alignment and protect the feet from blunt impact.

Understanding the Back Pain-Footwear Connection

Improper footwear could be the cause of lower back pain. What impacts the bones at the bottom of the neuromusculoskeletal system radiates upward and affects the spine and back muscles. What footwear is used travels upward, impacting gait, posture, spinal alignment, and more. When back problems originate from the feet, these are biomechanical issues. Biomechanics means how the bones, joints, and muscles work together and how changes in external forces impact the body.


When the feet impact the ground, they are the first extremities to absorb shock for the rest of the body. Individuals will start to walk differently if they have a problem or change in their feet. Wearing shoes with improper support can increase the wear and tear on the muscles and joints, leading to awkward and unnatural movement. For example, consider the difference between standing on tiptoes in high heels and the natural flat-footed state. Well-cushioned shoes help absorb impact and lessen pain sensations. The pressures on each of the joints shift balance, which causes instability problems with less pressure on some and more on others. This creates an imbalance that leads to pain and joint conditions.


Maintaining a healthy posture is another factor in preventing or alleviating back pain. With the right footwear, the body can maintain a healthier stance and the right curvature throughout the spine, and it helps distribute the weight evenly. This results in decreased stress on ligaments, muscles, and joints. (Harvard Health Publishing. 2014) It’s recommended to see an orthopedist to get to the root of an individual’s condition. For some, a herniated disc, sciatica, automobile collision, fall, unhealthy ergonomics, or a combination, as well as other underlying issues, may be contributing to their back pain.

Shoe Types and Their Impact on The Back

How various shoes impact posture, potentially causing or relieving back pain.

High Heels

High heels can definitely contribute to back pain. They change body posture, causing a domino effect on the spine. The body’s weight is shifted to increase pressure on the balls of the feet, and the spine’s alignment becomes altered. High heels also affect how the ankles, knees, and hips move when walking, balance, and how the back muscles operate, all of which can worsen back pain.

Flat Shoes

Flat shoes may not be the best choice for spinal health. If they lack arch support, they can cause the foot to roll inward, known as pronation. This can contribute to misalignment, which can strain the knees, hips, and lower back. However, they can be a decent choice if they provide arch support. When wearing flat shoes with healthy support, the weight is distributed evenly on the feet and the spine. This helps maintain correct posture, which can help prevent and/or alleviate back pain.

Sneakers, Tennis, and Athletic Shoes

Sneakers, tennis, and athletic shoes can relieve back pain with thorough cushioning and support. Choosing the right ones involves determining the activity that will be done in them. There are tennis, running, basketball, pickleball, skating shoes, and more. Research what features will be needed for the sport or activity. This could include:

  • Heel cups
  • Insole cushioning
  • Wide base
  • Other features to meet individual foot needs.

It is recommended that athletic shoes be changed every 300 to 500 miles of walking or running or with any signs of unevenness when placed on a flat surface, as worn-out soles and degraded materials can increase the risk of injury and back pain. (American Academy of Podiatric Sports Medicine, 2024).  If a certain pair puts the legs, hips, or ankles into an unnatural position or impedes regular movement, it may be time to replace them.

Choosing the Right Shoes

The ideal solution for choosing shoe wear is to get a gait analysis and a review of how you walk and run. Various healthcare professionals may offer this service to tailor each individual’s search for the right shoes for back pain. In gait analysis, individuals are asked to run and walk, sometimes on camera, while a professional notes physical tendencies, like when the foot hits the ground and whether it rolls inward or outward. This provides data on affected posture, movement, pain levels, how much arch support is needed, and what type to wear to help prevent back pain. Once the analysis is complete, it will guide you on what to look for, such as what level of arch support, heel height, or material is best for you.

Injury Medical Chiropractic and Functional Medicine Clinic specializes in progressive, cutting-edge therapies and functional rehabilitation procedures focused on clinical physiology, total health, practical strength training, and complete conditioning. We focus on restoring normal body functions after trauma and soft tissue injuries. We use Specialized Chiropractic Protocols, Wellness Programs, Functional and integrative Nutrition, Agility and mobility Fitness Training, and Rehabilitation Systems for all ages. Our programs are natural and use the body’s ability to achieve specific measured goals rather than introducing harmful chemicals, controversial hormone replacement, unwanted surgeries, or addictive drugs. We have teamed up with the city’s premier doctors, therapists, and trainers to provide high-quality treatments that empower our patients to maintain the healthiest way of living and live a functional life with more energy, a positive attitude, better sleep, and less pain.

Benefits of Using Custom Foot Orthotics


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2019). Back, lower limb, and upper limb pain among U.S. adults, 2019. Retrieved from

Harvard Health Publishing. (2014). Posture and back health. Harvard Health Education.

American Academy of Podiatric Sports Medicine. Ayne Furman, D. F., AAPSM. (2024). How do I know when it is time to replace my athletic shoes?

Discover Nonsurgical Solutions for Hip Pain and Plantar Fasciitis

Discover Nonsurgical Solutions for Hip Pain and Plantar Fasciitis

Can plantar fasciitis patients incorporate non-surgical treatments to reduce hip pain and restore mobility?


Everyone is on their feet constantly as it helps people stay mobile and allows them to go from one location to another. Many people are constantly on their feet from childhood to adulthood. This is because the feet are part of the lower musculoskeletal extremities that stabilize the hips and allow sensory-motor function to the legs, thighs, and calves. The feet also have various muscles, tendons, and ligaments surrounding the skeletal structure to prevent pain and discomfort. However, when repetitive motions or injuries start to affect the feet, it can lead to plantar fasciitis and, over time, cause overlapping risk profiles that lead to hip pain. When people are experiencing these pain-like conditions, it can significantly affect their daily activities and overall quality of life. When this happens, many people seek various treatments to reduce the pain-like symptoms caused by plantar fasciitis and restore hip mobility. Today’s article looks at how plantar fasciitis correlates with hip pain, the connection between the feet and the hips, and how there are non-surgical solutions to reduce plantar fasciitis. We talk with certified medical providers who consolidate our patients’ information to assess how to mitigate plantar fasciitis and restore hip mobility. We also inform and guide patients on how numerous non-surgical treatments can help strengthen weak muscles associated with plantar fasciitis and help with restoring stabilization from hip pain. We encourage our patients to ask their associated medical providers intricate and important questions about incorporating small changes to reduce the pain-like effects caused by plantar fasciitis. Dr. Jimenez, D.C., includes this information as an academic service. Disclaimer.


How Plantar Fasciitis Correlates With Hip Pain

Do you experience pain in your heels constantly after a long walk? Do you feel stiffness in your hips when stretching? Or do you feel your shoes are causing tension and pain in your feet and calves? Often, many of these pain-like scenarios are due to people dealing with plantar fasciitis, characterized by heel pain due to inflammation or degenerative irritation of the plantar fascia, a band of thick tissues is running across the bottom of the foot and connecting to the heel bone to the toes in the lower extremities. This band of tissues plays an essential role in the body, providing normal biomechanics to the foot while supporting the arch and helping with shock absorption. (Buchanan et al., 2024) Plantar fasciitis can affect the stability of the lower extremities since the pain affects the feet and causes hip pain.



So, how would plantar fasciitis correlate with hip pain? With plantar fasciitis, many people are experiencing pain in their feet. It can lead to abnormal foot posture, lower extremity muscle weakness, and muscle stress that can reduce the stability of the legs and hip muscles. (Lee et al., 2022) With hip pain, many people can experience a gait dysfunction that causes muscle weakness in the lower extremities and causes the accessory muscles to perform the primary muscles’ jobs. To that point, this forces people to scrap the ground when walking. (Ahuja et al., 2020) This is because normal conditions like natural aging, muscle overuse, or trauma can cause pain-like symptoms to the hips, including discomfort on the thighs, groin, and buttock region, joint stiffness, and reduced range of motion. Hip pain can cause overlapping risk profiles that may include repetitive strain on the feet, thus leading to symptoms of sharp to dull aches on the heel.


The Connection Between The Feet and The Hips

It is important to understand that foot problems like plantar fasciitis can affect the hips and vice versa, as both body regions have a beautiful relationship within the musculoskeletal system. Plantar fasciitis on their feet can alter their gait function, potentially leading to hip pain over time. This is due to many environmental factors that can affect the hips and feet over time, leading to plantar fasciitis correlating with hip pain. From excessive weight-bearing activities to microtrauma in the hips or the plantar fascia, many people will often seek treatment to reduce the effects of plantar fasciitis correlated with hip pain by addressing how their range of motion is affecting the plantarflexion and their load on the force-absorbing plantar surface structures could be good starting points in the prevention and treatment of plantar fasciitis correlated with hip pain. (Hamstra-Wright et al., 2021)


What Is Plantar Fasciitis?-Video

Non-Surgical Solutions To Reduce Plantar Fasciitis

When it comes to reducing plantar fasciitis in the body, many individuals will seek non-surgical treatments that can alleviate the pain from plantar fascia. Non-surgical treatments are cost-effective and can reduce the pain from plantar fasciitis and its associated symptoms, like hip pain. Some of the benefits of non-surgical treatments are promising, as they have a low risk of complications, good accessibility, and even a high capacity to relieve the mechanical load on the plantar fascia when doing regular activities. (Schuitema et al., 2020) Some of the non-surgical treatments that many people can incorporate include:

  • Stretching exercises
  • Orthotic devices
  • Chiropractic care
  • Massage therapy
  • Acupuncture/electroacupuncture
  • Spinal decompression


These non-surgical treatments not only help reduce plantar fasciitis but also help alleviate hip pain. For example, spinal decompression can help restore hip mobility by stretching the lumbar spine and relieving the lower extremities from numbness while strengthening tight muscles. (Takagi et al., 2023). Electroacupuncture can stimulate the body’s acupoints to release endorphins from the lower extremities to reduce inflammation of the plantar fascia. (Wang et al., 2019) When people begin to make small changes in their routine, like wearing proper footwear and not carrying or lifting heavy weighted objects, it can go a long way to prevent plantar fasciitis and hip pain from reoccurring can go a long way. Having a personalized treatment plan can ensure many individuals seeking non-surgical treatments have a better outcome on their health and mobility while preventing long-term complications. 



Ahuja, V., Thapa, D., Patial, S., Chander, A., & Ahuja, A. (2020). Chronic hip pain in adults: Current knowledge and future prospective. J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol, 36(4), 450-457.

Buchanan, B. K., Sina, R. E., & Kushner, D. (2024). Plantar Fasciitis. In StatPearls.

Hamstra-Wright, K. L., Huxel Bliven, K. C., Bay, R. C., & Aydemir, B. (2021). Risk Factors for Plantar Fasciitis in Physically Active Individuals: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Sports Health, 13(3), 296-303.

Lee, J. H., Shin, K. H., Jung, T. S., & Jang, W. Y. (2022). Lower Extremity Muscle Performance and Foot Pressure in Patients Who Have Plantar Fasciitis with and without Flat Foot Posture. Int J Environ Res Public Health, 20(1).

Schuitema, D., Greve, C., Postema, K., Dekker, R., & Hijmans, J. M. (2020). Effectiveness of Mechanical Treatment for Plantar Fasciitis: A Systematic Review. J Sport Rehabil, 29(5), 657-674.

Takagi, Y., Yamada, H., Ebara, H., Hayashi, H., Inatani, H., Toyooka, K., Mori, A., Kitano, Y., Nakanami, A., Kagechika, K., Yahata, T., & Tsuchiya, H. (2023). Decompression for lumbar spinal stenosis at the intrathecal catheter insertion site during intrathecal baclofen therapy: a case report. J Med Case Rep, 17(1), 239.

Wang, W., Liu, Y., Zhao, J., Jiao, R., & Liu, Z. (2019). Electroacupuncture versus manual acupuncture in the treatment of plantar heel pain syndrome: study protocol for an upcoming randomised controlled trial. BMJ Open, 9(4), e026147.


Restore Your Feet with Acupuncture Plantar Fasciitis Therapy

Restore Your Feet with Acupuncture Plantar Fasciitis Therapy

For individuals dealing with plantar fasciitis, every step can be painful. Can taking an integrative approach and utilizing acupuncture help treat this condition and accelerate symptom relief?

Restore Your Feet with Acupuncture Plantar Fasciitis Therapy

Acupuncture Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar fasciitis is when the supportive tissue running under the foot, from the heel to the base of the toes, becomes irritated and painful. The disorder can be difficult to manage, but there are alternative treatment options. Acupuncture plantar fasciitis therapy is one potential method of relief, alleviating pain, and returning the individual to regular activities. Acupuncture involves inserting extremely thin needles into points in the body to restore and balance the normal flow of energy and improve overall health. (Johns Hopkins University. 2024) In traditional Chinese medicine or TCM, the body comprises a series of meridians/channels that supply energy flow or qi/chi.


Plantar fasciitis is a common disorder affecting the foot. The condition occurs when the plantar fascia, designed to absorb the forces that travel through the arch of the foot, becomes overloaded. When the bottom of the foot is constantly subjected to high amounts of strain, it leads to ligament degeneration, pain, and inflammation. The most common symptom is heel pain, the first thing an individual experiences in the morning or after a long day of work and activities. Anyone can get plantar fasciitis, but those who are more prone to the condition include individuals with:

  1. The disorder is first treated conservatively with physical therapy focusing on relieving the pain symptoms and restoring foot and ankle flexibility.
  2. Orthotics or custom-fabricated shoe inserts can help protect the foot and correct foot positioning,
  3. Night splints help hold the foot in a flexed position at night.
  4. Anti-inflammatory medications may also be used. (American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. 2022)

Benefits of Acupuncture

Acupuncture and its effectiveness are still being studied, but there is evidence suggesting that it is beneficial in plantar fasciitis treatment.

  • One review found significant pain improvements in individuals who had acupuncture for the condition compared to individuals who received standard treatments like stretching, orthotics, and strengthening. (Anandan Gerard Thiagarajah 2017) The same review also found benefits when comparing acupuncture to a placebo version of the treatment, further reinforcing the findings.
  • Another medical review found that acupuncture helped alleviate heel pain and improve daily function when combined with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications/NSAIDs such as ibuprofen or naproxen. (Richard James Clark, Maria Tighe 2012)

Side Effects

While acupuncture plantar fasciitis therapy is beneficial, it is important to remember there can be potential side effects that can include:

  • Pain in the area where the needles were placed.
  • Bleeding in the area where the needles were placed.
  • Bruising or skin discoloration.
  • Allergic reaction or contact dermatitis/itchy rash.
  • Dizziness or light-headedness.
  • Nausea or vomiting (Malcolm W C Chan et al., 2017)

The chances of a serious adverse side effect are relatively low when undergoing acupuncture on the foot.

Acupuncture Points and Sensations

The ways acupuncture works are not yet fully understood, but like other neuromusculoskeletal therapies, the process activates the body’s healing properties.

  • Inserting a needle into the body’s points stimulates the central nervous system.
  • This leads to the release of chemicals in the brain, spinal cord, and muscles that promote healing.
  • These same chemicals and reactions also reduce the body’s sensation of pain. (Teng Chen et al., 2020)

Number of Sessions

The amount of sessions that acupuncture takes to provide pain relief varies from person to person and case to case.

Individuals are recommended to consult a healthcare provider about personalized treatment plans and if they have a bleeding disorder, are on blood thinner medications, or are pregnant.

Understanding Plantar Fasciitis


Johns Hopkins University. (2024). Acupuncture (Health, Issue.

American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. (2022). Plantar fasciitis and bone spurs. (Diseases and Conditions, Issue.–conditions/plantar-fasciitis-and-bone-spurs

Thiagarajah A. G. (2017). How effective is acupuncture for reducing pain due to plantar fasciitis?. Singapore medical journal, 58(2), 92–97.

Clark, R. J., & Tighe, M. (2012). The effectiveness of acupuncture for plantar heel pain: a systematic review. Acupuncture in medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society, 30(4), 298–306.

Chan, M. W. C., Wu, X. Y., Wu, J. C. Y., Wong, S. Y. S., & Chung, V. C. H. (2017). Safety of Acupuncture: Overview of Systematic Reviews. Scientific reports, 7(1), 3369.

Chen, T., Zhang, W. W., Chu, Y. X., & Wang, Y. Q. (2020). Acupuncture for Pain Management: Molecular Mechanisms of Action. The American journal of Chinese medicine, 48(4), 793–811.

Avoid Plantar Fasciitis Flare-Ups With These Tips

Avoid Plantar Fasciitis Flare-Ups With These Tips

Individuals with plantar fasciitis may experience consistent flare-ups. Can knowing the causes help to find pain relief?

Avoid Plantar Fasciitis Flare-Ups With These Tips

Plantar Fasciitis Flare-Up

Plantar fasciitis is a common cause of heel and foot pain. The plantar fascia is a band of tissue that runs along the bottom of the foot and becomes inflamed. Certain factors can cause plantar fasciitis flare-ups, including:

  • Increased levels of physical activity.
  • Not stretching regularly.
  • Wearing shoes without proper support.
  • Weight gain.


A plantar fasciitis flare-up is often triggered by physical activity. (MedlinePlus. U.S. National Library of Medicine. 2022) It can also be brought on by underlying conditions, like increased body weight, arthritis, or the shape of the foot. (Johns Hopkins Medicine. 2023) Despite the root cause, there are activities and experiences that can contribute to and/or worsen the condition.

New Exercise Routine

Weight Gain

  • Individuals who have an increased or increasing body weight add more pressure to their feet, placing them at higher risk for plantar fasciitis. (MedlinePlus. U.S. National Library of Medicine. 2022)
  • If experiencing consistent flare-ups, a healthcare provider may suggest an appropriate weight loss program combined with a treatment plan.


Shoes Without Support

  • Wearing shoes without arch support can cause general foot pain and plantar flare-ups.
  • Individuals should wear shoes with plenty of cushioning and arch support, like sneakers. (Ortho Info. Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. 2022)
  • Shoes that are not recommended include:
  • Flip-flops
  • Shoes that are flat.
  • High heels, boots, or shoes that raise the heel above the toes.
  • Worn-out shoes like exercise workout shoes.

Not Stretching Properly or At All

  • Tight calves can increase pressure on the plantar fascia.
  • Stretching the calves, Achilles tendon/heel, and the bottom of the feet is highly recommended to help treat and prevent the condition. (Johns Hopkins Medicine. 2023)
  • Not stretching thoroughly or skipping stretches can worsen symptoms.
  • Individuals with plantar fasciitis are recommended to stretch before and after physical activities, exercise, before going to bed, and after waking up.

Working Through the Pain

  • Individuals may try to continue physical activities during a flare-up.
  • This is not recommended as doing so can cause more pain and worsen the condition.
  • When pain presents, it’s recommended to:
  • Stop all activities that strain the feet
  • Stay off the feet for at least a week.

Tearing the Plantar Fascia

  • The plantar fascia rarely tear completely from repeated stress known as a plantar fascia rupture.
  • If this happens, sudden severe pain will present and individuals are advised to call their healthcare provider. (Stephanie C. Pascoe, Timothy J. Mazzola. 2016)
  • However, individuals can recover relatively fast, and pain alleviates quickly.
  • Individuals with tears will be recommended to wear a foot orthotic as the foot may have flattened more.

Risk Factors

Plantar fasciitis can happen to anyone, but individuals who have the following characteristics are at an increased risk: (Ortho Info. Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. 2022)

  • A high-foot arch.
  • Jobs or hobbies that place added strain on the feet.
  • Tight calf muscles.
  • A sudden increase in physical activity.
  • A new exercise regimen.
  • Increased body weight.
  • Sudden weight gain like during pregnancy.

How Long Does a Flare Last?


In addition to rest treatments for plantar fasciitis can include: (Ortho Info. Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. 2022)


  • Icing the bottom of the foot for 15 minutes a few times a day decreases inflammation.

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs – NSAIDs

  • Over-the-counter NSAIDs like ibuprofen and naproxen, can reduce pain and inflammation.
  • It is recommended to consult a healthcare provider for short-term use and dosage.

Proper Shoes

  • Shoes with arch supports are highly recommended.
  • A healthcare provider can order custom orthotics for more support.


  • Stretches are essential for treatment.
  • Stretching the calf and bottom of the foot daily will keep the tissue relaxed.


  • Massaging the area with a therapeutic massage ball soothes the tissues.
  • Using a percussive massager can increase circulation.

What is Plantar Fasciitis?


MedlinePlus. National Library of Medicine.  (2022) U.S. Plantar fasciitis.

Johns Hopkins Medicine. (2023) Plantar fasciitis.

Boston Children’s Hospital. (2023) Plantar fasciitis.

Ortho Info. Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. (2022) Plantar fasciitis and bone spurs.

Pascoe, S. C., & Mazzola, T. J. (2016). Acute Medial Plantar Fascia Tear. The Journal of orthopaedic and sports physical therapy, 46(6), 495.

Understanding the Causes of Nerve Pain in Your Foot

Understanding the Causes of Nerve Pain in Your Foot

Individuals that experience nerve pain in the foot could be caused by a number of different conditions, can recognizing the most common causes help in developing an effective treatment plan?

Understanding the Causes of Nerve Pain in Your Foot

Nerve Pain In The Foot

These sensations can feel like a burning, shooting, electrical, or stabbing pain and can happen while in motion or at rest. It can occur on the top of the foot or through the arch. The area closest to the nerve may be sensitive to the touch. A number of different conditions can cause nerve pain in the foot, including:

  • Morton’s neuroma
  • Pinched nerve
  • Tarsal tunnel syndrome
  • Diabetic peripheral neuropathy
  • Herniated disc

Morton’s Neuroma

Morton’s neuroma involves the nerve that runs between the third and fourth toes, but can sometimes occur between the second and third toes becoming thicker. Typical symptoms include a burning or shooting pain in the area, usually while walking. (Nikolaos Gougoulias, et al., 2019) Another common symptom is the sensation of pressure beneath the toes like the sock is bunched up underneath. Treatments can include:

  • Arch supports
  • Cortisone injections to decrease swelling
  • Footwear modifications – can include lifts, orthotics combined with metatarsal pads, and rocker soles, to provide cushion where needed.

Things that increase the risk of developing the condition include:

  • Regularly wearing high-heels – the condition occurs more frequently in women.
  • Shoes that are too tight.
  • Participating in high-impact sports like running.
  • Having flat feet, high arches, bunions, or hammertoes.

Pinched Nerve

A pinched nerve can feel like shooting or burning pain. Nerve entrapment can occur in various regions of the foot or the area on top of the foot may feel sensitive. Causes can be caused by: (Basavaraj Chari, Eugene McNally. 2018)

  • Trauma that causes swelling.
  • Blunt impact.
  • Tight shoes.

Treatment can include:

  • Massage
  • Physical therapy
  • Rest
  • Footwear modifications
  • Anti-inflammatories.

Things that increase the risk of developing a pinched nerve in the foot include:

  • Poor-fitting footwear.
  • Repetitive stress injury.
  • Trauma to the foot.
  • Obesity.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis.

Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

Another type of nerve entrapment is tarsal tunnel syndrome. Tarsal tunnel syndrome is “anything that produces compression on the posterior tibial nerve.” (American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons. 2019) The tibial nerve is located near the heel. Symptoms include numbness and foot cramps, burning, tingling, or shooting sensations that often radiate from the instep/arch. Both can worsen while the foot is at rest, like when sitting or sleeping. Treatment can consist of:

  • Placing padding in the shoe where the foot is being compressed to relieve the pain.
  • Custom foot orthotics.
  • Cortisone shots or other anti-inflammatory treatments.
  • Surgery may be necessary to release the nerve.

Conditions that compress the tibial nerve and can lead to tarsal tunnel syndrome include:

  • Flat feet
  • Fallen arches
  • Ankle sprain
  • Diabetes
  • Arthritis
  • Varicose veins
  • Bone spurs

Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy

Long-term high blood sugar/glucose associated with diabetes can lead to a form of nerve damage known as peripheral neuropathy. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2022) Neuropathy pain feels like burning or shooting pain, or the sensation of walking on bubble wrap that usually shows up overnight. The pain can come and go as well as a gradual loss of feeling in the feet that begins in the toes and moves up the foot. It’s estimated that around half of individuals with diabetes will eventually develop neuropathy. (Eva L. Feldman, et al., 2019) Treatments can include:

  • Physical therapy massage to increase circulation.
  • Topical treatments with capsaicin.
  • Vitamin B.
  • Blood sugar management.
  • Alpha lipoic acid.
  • Medication.

Individuals with diabetes have an increased risk of developing peripheral neuropathy if:

  • Blood sugar is not well-controlled.
  • Diabetes has been present for many years.
  • Kidney disease.
  • Smoke.
  • Overweight or obese.

Herniated Disc

Nerve pain in the foot can be caused by spinal issues. A herniated disc in the lower back can irritate and compress the nerves, causing pain that radiates down the leg and foot. Additional symptoms usually include muscle weakness in the legs and/or numbness and tingling. Most herniated discs don’t require surgery and get better with conservative treatment. (Wai Weng Yoon, Jonathan Koch. 2021) If symptoms don’t improve or worsen, a healthcare provider may recommend surgery. Herniated discs are most common in young and middle-aged adults. Increased chances of developing a herniated disc can come from:

  • Degenerative changes in the spine from normal age wear and tear.
  • Physically demanding job.
  • Lifting incorrectly.
  • Overweight or obese.
  • Genetic predisposition – family history of herniated discs.

Spinal Stenosis

Spinal stenosis occurs when the spaces in the spine begin to narrow, creating pressure on the spinal cord and nerve roots. It is usually caused by wear and tear on the spine as the body ages. Stenosis in the lower back can cause burning pain in the buttocks and leg. As it progresses pain can radiate into the feet along with numbness and tingling. Conservative treatment consists of physical therapy exercises and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications/NSAIDs. (Jon Lurie, Christy Tomkins-Lane. 2016) Cortisone injections can be beneficial and if the condition worsens, surgery may be an option. Risk factors include:

  • Age 50 or older.
  • A narrow spinal canal.
  • Previous injury.
  • Previous spinal surgery.
  • Osteoarthritis that is affecting the back.

Other Possible Causes

Other conditions can result in nerve damage and pain symptoms and sensations. Examples include: (Nathan P. Staff, Anthony J. Windebank. 2014)

  • Vitamin deficiencies (Nathan P. Staff, Anthony J. Windebank. 2014)
  • Physical trauma – after surgery or an automobile or sports accident.
  • Certain cancer, antiviral medications, or antibiotics.
  • Complex regional pain syndrome.
  • Tumors that irritate and/or compress a nerve.
  • Liver or kidney disease.
  • Infectious diseases – Lyme disease complications or viral infections.

Nerve pain in the foot is definitely a reason to see a healthcare provider. Early diagnosis can help prevent symptom progression and future problems. Once the cause of the pain has been identified, the healthcare team can work together to develop a personalized treatment plan to release compressed nerves and restore mobility and function. See a healthcare provider right away if the pain and symptoms worsen, or if there are difficulties standing or walking.

Chiropractic After Accidents and Injuries


Gougoulias, N., Lampridis, V., & Sakellariou, A. (2019). Morton’s interdigital neuroma: instructional review. EFORT open reviews, 4(1), 14–24.

Chari, B., & McNally, E. (2018). Nerve Entrapment in Ankle and Foot: Ultrasound Imaging. Seminars in musculoskeletal radiology, 22(3), 354–363.

American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons. Tarsal tunnel syndrome.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Diabetes and nerve damage.

Feldman, E. L., Callaghan, B. C., Pop-Busui, R., Zochodne, D. W., Wright, D. E., Bennett, D. L., Bril, V., Russell, J. W., & Viswanathan, V. (2019). Diabetic neuropathy. Nature reviews. Disease primers, 5(1), 42.

Yoon, W. W., & Koch, J. (2021). Herniated discs: when is surgery necessary?. EFORT open reviews, 6(6), 526–530.

Lurie, J., & Tomkins-Lane, C. (2016). Management of lumbar spinal stenosis. BMJ (Clinical research ed.), 352, h6234.

Staff, N. P., & Windebank, A. J. (2014). Peripheral neuropathy due to vitamin deficiency, toxins, and medications. Continuum (Minneapolis, Minn.), 20(5 Peripheral Nervous System Disorders), 1293–1306.

Athletic Running Shoes For Back Problems: EP Back Clinic

Athletic Running Shoes For Back Problems: EP Back Clinic

Individuals on their feet all day regularly experience back problems and discomfort symptoms. Wearing unstable shoes that are flat with no arch support with little or no shock absorption or the wrong type of shoe for gait can cause biomechanical issues that can cause back discomfort and lead to chronic back pain. Athletic running shoes are recommended for lower back pain because they are well-cushioned and designed to help absorb the impact of walking or running. They also have proper arch and ankle support to maintain foot position for correct posture. What to look for in running shoes to help relieve back pain and keep the back injury free?

Choosing Athletic Running Shoes For Back Problems: IMCFMCAthletic Running Shoes

Shoes that don’t have enough cushioning can cause inflammation in the back muscles from the lack of impact absorption. The best athletic running shoes for back pain relief are stiff, supportive, and well-cushioned. When selecting shoes for back pain, the most important factors to consider are:

  • Stiffness of the sole.
  • Quality support and cushioning.
  • Proper and comfortable fit.

Shoe Type

  • Athletic running shoes are available in various types of support for all foot types.
  • Consider foot structure and gait when selecting shoes.
  • Flat and high-arched feet can cause muscle imbalances, which increase pressure on the back, hips, legs, knees, ankles, and feet.
  • Consider motion-control shoes for flat feet or overpronation.

Arch Support

  • Proper arch support ensures that the feet stay aligned and takes the pressure off the knees, hips, and back, decreasing the risk of inflammation.
  • Look for a shoe with a rigid sole and solid heel cup for optimal foot and ankle support.
  • Make sure that the shoe fits the individual foot and gait type.
  • If you can twist the shoe or fold the shoe in half, there is insufficient support in the arch.
  • For example, overpronation requires stability with added medial support to prevent arch collapse.


Shoe cushioning:

  • Absorbs shock and vibration.
  • Reduces the impact of each step.
  • Helps alleviate back pressure.
  • A well-cushioned shoe provides comfort and support.
  • Wearing shoes without adequate cushioning makes the back muscles absorb the shock every time a foot takes a step.

Proper Fit

Proper shoes need to fit properly.

  • Shoes that are too tight could cause painful rubbing and foot blisters.
  • The irritation can force an awkward and unhealthy gait, worsening the back strain and pain.
  • Shoes that are too large could cause the feet to slip and slide, increasing the risk of injury.
  • Shoes with a wide toe box or in wide sizes can be an option to prevent cramped toes.
  • The correct fit will ensure the feet are properly aligned and prevent injury.


  • Shoes with excellent traction will keep the body stable and prevent slipping.
  • Look for grip rubber outsoles with a textured pattern.
  • The grooves and patterns increase friction and provide grip to the person while walking or running.


  • Wearing worn-out shoes with inadequate cushioning and shock absorption can increase the risk of back problems.
  • Depending on the uses, shoes can wear out in three months or less.
  • It is important to replace shoes when the cushioning wears out.
  • Look for high-quality material that doesn’t wear down quickly.

Improve Whole-Body Wellness


Anderson, Jennifer, et al. “A narrative review of musculoskeletal problems of the lower extremity and back associated with the interface between occupational tasks, feet, footwear, and flooring.” Musculoskeletal care vol. 15,4 (2017): 304-315. doi:10.1002/msc.1174

American Podiatric Medical Association. Which Running Shoe is Right for You?

Hong, Wei-Hsien, et al. “Effect of shoe heel height and total-contact insert on muscle loading and foot stability while walking.” Foot & ankle international vol. 34,2 (2013): 273-81. doi:10.1177/1071100712465817

National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases. Back Pain: Diagnosis, Treatment, and Steps to Take.

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. Low Back Pain Fact Sheet.